Cape Girardeau County, Missouri

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Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Cape Girardeau County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded October 1, 1812
Named for Ensign Sieur Jean Baptiste de Girardot (also spelled Girardeau or Girardat) and a rock
Seat Jackson
Largest city Cape Girardeau
Area
 • Total 586.29 sq mi (1,518 km2)
 • Land 578.62 sq mi (1,499 km2)
 • Water 7.67 sq mi (20 km2), 1.31
Population
 • (2010) 75,674
 • Density 129/sq mi (50/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.capecounty.us

Cape Girardeau County is a county located in Southeast Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 75674.1 While the largest city in the county is Cape Girardeau, the county seat is actually Jackson,2 which was the first city named in honor of President Andrew Jackson. The county was officially organized on October 1, 1812 and is named after Ensign Sieur Jean Baptiste de Giradot, a French official. The "cape" in the county's name is named after a promontory rock overlooking the Mississippi River.

Cape Girardeau County is the central hub of the Cape Girardeau–Jackson, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Cape Girardeau County was organized on October 1, 1812, as one of five original counties and is named after Ensign Sieur Jean Baptiste de Girardot (also spelled Girardeau or Girardat), a French officer originally stationed at Kaskaskia, Illinois 1704–1720, who later developed a trading post on the site on the present-day city of Cape Girardeau around 1733.3 The "cape" in the county name was a rock promontory overlooking the Mississippi River and Claire's house; the original cape rock was destroyed by railroad construction. The county's name derives from a district located in the area when the Spanish controlled the region.

The first Cape Girardeau County Courthouse was constructed in 1818 by John Davis. This courthouse burned in 1870. The present courthouse in Jackson was completed in 1908 and was designed by P.H. Weathers.

The county is also the site of one of the oldest cold cases in the state of Missouri. Bonnie Huffman, a 20-year-old schoolteacher, was found murdered in a ditch just outside of Delta on July 2, 1954.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 586.29 square miles (1,518.5 km2), of which 578.62 square miles (1,498.6 km2) (or 98.69%) is land and 7.67 square miles (19.9 km2) (or 1.31%) is water.4

The geography of Cape Girardeau County varies greatly. The areas around the towns of Delta and Dutchtown are flood plains, while western and northern areas are hilly and forested.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,968
1830 7,445 24.7%
1840 9,359 25.7%
1850 13,912 48.6%
1860 15,547 11.8%
1870 17,558 12.9%
1880 20,998 19.6%
1890 22,060 5.1%
1900 24,315 10.2%
1910 27,621 13.6%
1920 29,839 8.0%
1930 33,203 11.3%
1940 37,775 13.8%
1950 38,397 1.6%
1960 42,020 9.4%
1970 49,350 17.4%
1980 58,837 19.2%
1990 61,633 4.8%
2000 68,693 11.5%
2010 75,674 10.2%
Est. 2012 76,950 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census5
2012 Estimate1

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 68,693 people, 26,980 households, and 17,941 families residing in the county. The population density was 119 people per square mile (46/km²). There were 29,434 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.13% White, 5.28% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Approximately 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,980 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 13.40% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,862, and the median income for a family was $58,037. Males had a median income of $32,371 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,303. About 6.70% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), most residents (76.88%) in Cape Girardeau County adhere to a religion while 23.12% do not.

Among those who do adhere to a religion, the majority of Cape Girardeau County residents' religious affiliations are:

The main religious families among all adherents in Cape Girardeau County are:

Education

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Cape Girardeau County, 81.1% possess a high school diploma or higher while 24.2% hold a bachelor's degree as their highest educational attainment.

Public schools

Private schools

Post secondary education

Politics

Local

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Cape Girardeau County. Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county.

Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Robert Adams Republican
Circuit Clerk Patti Wibbenmeyer Republican
County Clerk Kara Clark Summers Republican
Collector Diane Diebold Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Clint Tracy Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Paul Koeper Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Charles J. Herbst III Republican
Coroner John Clifton Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Christopher Limbaugh Republican
Public Administrator Lisa Reitzel Republican
Recorder Scott R. Clark Republican
Sheriff John D. Jordan Republican
Treasurer Roger L. Hudson Republican

State

In the Missouri House of Representatives, Cape Girardeau County is divided into two legislative districts, both of which are represented by Republicans.

  • District 147 – Consists of most of the city of Cape Girardeau and a small sliver of the mostly rural stretch of Highway 74 to Dutchtown. Kathy Swan, a Republican from Cape Girardeau, was elected in 2012 to her first term in the Missouri House. Five representatives, all of whom have been Republicans, have held this seat in a span of five years following Nathan Cooper’s resignation in 2008: Cooper, Mary Kasten, Clint Tracy, Wayne Wallingford, and now Swan.

In the Missouri Senate, all of Cape Girardeau County is a part of Missouri’s 27h District and is currently represented by Republican Wayne Wallingford of Cape Girardeau. Wallingford ran unopposed in 2012 and was elected to his first term in the Missouri Senate to succeed fellow Republican Jason Crowell of Cape Girardeau. Crowell successfully served two terms/eight years in the Missouri Senate and was ineligible to seek a third term due to term limits.

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 56.02% 19,797 41.56% 14,686 2.43% 857
2008 56.23% 20,672 41.75% 15,348 2.02% 744
2004 65.26% 22,433 33.49% 11,511 1.25% 429
2000 62.50% 18,543 35.36% 10,491 2.14% 635
1996 49.68% 13,781 48.38% 13,422 1.94% 538
1992 54.41% 15,080 45.59% 12,636 0.00% 0
1988 70.08% 17,336 29.50% 7,298 0.42% 104
1984 70.39% 17,299 29.61% 7,276 0.00% 0
1980 66.50% 16,197 33.11% 8,064 0.39% 96
1976 56.62% 13,079 43.35% 10,013 0.03% 7
1972 57.09% 12,656 42.05% 9,322 0.85% 189
1968 37.96% 7,217 62.04% 11,795 0.00% 0
1964 42.74% 8,506 57.26% 11,396 0.00% 0
1960 49.07% 9,384 50.93% 9,739 0.00% 0

Federal

Missouri's two U.S. Senators are Democrat Claire McCaskill of Kirkwood and Republican Roy Blunt of Strafford.

McCaskill was reelected to her second term in 2012 with 54.81 percent of the statewide vote over former Republican U.S. Representative W. Todd Akin of Town & Country and Libertarian Jonathan Dine of Riverside; Cape Girardeau County voters, however, supported Akin with approximately 54 percent of the vote.

U.S. Senate - Class I – Cape Girardeau County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican W. Todd Akin 18,913 53.67
Democratic Claire McCaskill 14,390 40.83
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,939 5.50

Blunt was elected to his first term in 2010 with 54.23 percent of the statewide vote over former Democratic Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan, Libertarian Jonathan Dine of Riverside, and Constitutionalist Jerry Beck of Novelty; Cape Girardeau County voters backed Blunt with just over 69 percent of the vote.

U.S. Senate - Class III – Cape Girardeau County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 18,728 69.08
Democratic Robin Carnahan 7,216 26.62
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 628 2.32
Constitution Jerry Beck 538 1.98

All of Cape Girardeau County is included in Missouri's 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Republican Jason T. Smith of Salem in the U.S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to complete the remaining term of former Republican U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson of Cape Girardeau. Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district. She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 8 - Cape Girardeau County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Ann Emerson 26,038 74.00 +8.05
Democratic Jack Rushin 7,445 21.16 -1.67
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 1,704 4.84 +2.89
U.S. House of Representatives - District 8 - Special Election – Cape Girardeau County (2013)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason T. Smith 6,005 70.10
Democratic Steve Hodges 2,019 23.57
Constitution Doug Enyart 294 3.43
Libertarian Bill Slantz 194 2.26
Write-in Robert W. George 48 0.56
Write-in Thomas Brown 6 0.07

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 70.81% 25,370 27.15% 9,728 2.04% 731
2008 66.30% 24,768 32.68% 12,208 1.02% 379
2004 68.90% 23,814 30.57% 10,568 0.53% 183
2000 66.42% 19,832 31.26% 9,334 2.32% 693
1996 56.32% 15,557 36.05% 9,957 7.63% 2,108
1992 47.48% 13,464 33.87% 9,605 18.33% 5,199
1988 67.53% 16,583 32.19% 7,904 0.28% 69
1984 70.32% 17,404 29.68% 7,346 0.00% 0
1980 60.54% 14,861 35.13% 8,625 4.33% 1,063
1976 54.42% 12,607 45.07% 10,440 0.51% 117
1972 71.42% 15,693 28.58% 6,280 0.00% 0
1968 53.34% 10,298 34.38% 6,656 12.18% 2,351
1964 43.43% 8,776 56.57% 11,431 0.00% 0
1960 58.10% 11,331 41.90% 8,172 0.00% 0

Cape Girardeau County has been one of, if not the, most staunchly Republican strongholds in Southeast Missouri. Lyndon B. Johnson was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Cape Girardeau County in his landslide election in 1964. Since then, voters in the county have solidly backed the Republican presidential nominees, often by convincing margins.

Like most areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Cape Girardeau County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Cape Girardeau County with 83.19 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Cape Girardeau County with 63.12 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Cape Girardeau County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Cape Girardeau County with 60.04 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 4,510, than any candidate from either party in Cape Girardeau County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary.
Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 3,528 (31.77%)
Mike Huckabee 3,068 (27.63%)
Mitt Romney 3,922 (35.32%)
Ron Paul 361 (3.25%)
Cape Girardeau County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 4,510 (56.55%)
Barack Obama 3,145 (39.44%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 247 (3.10%)

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated towns

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 270. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links

Coordinates: 37°23′N 89°41′W / 37.38°N 89.68°W / 37.38; -89.68








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