Carter County, Tennessee

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Carter County, Tennessee
Carter-county-courthouse-tn1.jpg
Carter County Courthouse in Elizabethton
Seal of Carter County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Carter County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1796
Named for Landon Carter1
Seat Elizabethton
Largest city Elizabethton
Area
 • Total 348 sq mi (901 km2)
 • Land 341 sq mi (883 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (18 km2), 2.01%
Population
 • (2010) 57,424
 • Density 168.3/sq mi (65/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.cartercountytn.gov

Coordinates: 36°18′N 82°7′W / 36.300°N 82.117°W / 36.300; -82.117

Carter County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 57,424.2 Its county seat is Elizabethton.3

Carter County is part of the Johnson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–KingsportBristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region of Northeast Tennessee. The county is named in honor of Landon Carter, an early settler active in the State of Franklin movement.

History

A map of the Province of Carolina

The area was originally claimed by Britain as part of the Clarendon settlements of the Province of Carolina, although actually populated at the time by the Cherokee.

As part of North Carolina

The area was part of (though seldom actually administered by) the following jurisdictions in its early history:

Watauga Association

The county is named for General Landon Carter,4 the son of John Carter of Virginia, who was "chairman of the court" of the first majority-rule system of American democracy, known as the Watauga Association of 1772. The association was the first permanent settlement established outside the original thirteen American colonies and included the area that is today's Carter County. In 1775, the Association was absorbed into North Carolina by petition, becoming known thereafter as the Washington District.

The county seat, Elizabethton, is named for Carter's wife, Elizabeth MacLin Carter.5

Civil War

Like most East Tennessee counties, Carter Countians opposed secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Carter Countians rejected secession by a vote of 1,343 to 86.6 A railroad bridge at Carter's Depot (modern Watauga) was among those targeted by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861.7

Early railroad

Carter County was served by the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (The ET&WNC, nicknamed "Tweetsie") until the line ceased operations in 1950.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 348 square miles (900 km2), of which 341 square miles (880 km2) is land and 6 square miles (16 km2) (1.8%) is water.8

Carter County's boundary with Sullivan County is defined as the ridgeline of Holston Mountain.

Lakes

Rivers

Waterfalls

The main waterfall at Blue Hole Falls, located northeast of Elizabethton on Holston Mountain.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected areas

Major highways

  • SR-159
  • SR-173
  • SR-359
  • SR-361
  • SR-362
  • SR-400

Climate

Climate data for Carter County, Tennessee (Bristol-Johnson City)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 43.7
(6.5)
48.0
(8.9)
58.9
(14.9)
67.4
(19.7)
75.2
(24)
82.2
(27.9)
84.6
(29.2)
84.1
(28.9)
79.1
(26.2)
69.1
(20.6)
58.2
(14.6)
48.1
(8.9)
66.6
(19.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 34.0
(1.1)
37.4
(3)
47.2
(8.4)
55.2
(12.9)
63.4
(17.4)
71.1
(21.7)
74.4
(23.6)
73.6
(23.1)
67.9
(19.9)
56.7
(13.7)
47.0
(8.3)
38.2
(3.4)
55.5
(13.1)
Average low °F (°C) 24.3
(−4.3)
26.8
(−2.9)
35.4
(1.9)
43.0
(6.1)
51.6
(10.9)
59.9
(15.5)
64.1
(17.8)
63.1
(17.3)
56.6
(13.7)
44.2
(6.8)
35.9
(2.2)
28.2
(−2.1)
44.4
(6.9)
Rainfall inches (mm) 3.2
(81)
3.4
(86)
3.7
(94)
3.3
(84)
3.8
(97)
3.5
(89)
4.3
(109)
3.2
(81)
3.3
(84)
2.6
(66)
2.9
(74)
3.4
(86)
40.7
(1,034)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5.2
(13.2)
4.2
(10.7)
2.3
(5.8)
0.4
(1)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
2.6
(6.6)
15.6
(39.6)
 % humidity 59.0 71.5 69.0 67.0 69.5 73.0 75.0 76.5 76.5 74.0 68.5 69.5 74.0
Source: Climate-zone.com10

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 4,813
1810 4,190 −12.9%
1820 4,835 15.4%
1830 6,414 32.7%
1840 5,372 −16.2%
1850 6,296 17.2%
1860 7,124 13.2%
1870 7,909 11.0%
1880 10,019 26.7%
1890 13,389 33.6%
1900 16,688 24.6%
1910 19,838 18.9%
1920 21,488 8.3%
1930 29,223 36.0%
1940 35,127 20.2%
1950 42,432 20.8%
1960 41,578 −2.0%
1970 42,575 2.4%
1980 50,205 17.9%
1990 51,505 2.6%
2000 56,742 10.2%
2010 57,424 1.2%
Est. 2012 57,355 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census11
2012 Estimate2
Age pyramid Carter County12

As of the census13 of 2000, there were 56,742 people, 23,486 households, and 16,346 families residing in the county.14 Its county seat is Elizabethton.3 The population density was 166 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 25,920 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.49% White, 1.00% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,486 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,371, and the median income for a family was $33,825. Males had a median income of $26,394 versus $19,687 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,678. About 12.80% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.00% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other communities

Education

See also

References

  1. ^ Carroll Van West, "Carter County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 22 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 258 (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 70. OCLC 1156805. 
  5. ^ Tennessee's First Frontier History, Elizabethton.org. Retrieved: 22 June 2013.
  6. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  7. ^ David Madden, "Unionist Resistance to Confederate Occupation: The Bridge Burners of East Tennessee," East Tennessee Historical Society Publications, Vols. 52-53 (1980-1981), pp. 22-40.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Aerial image from USGS via Microsoft Research Maps
  10. ^ "Bristol - Johnson City". Climate-zone.com. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ Brown, Emily; DeBarros, Anthony; DeRamus, Kristin; et al. (2011). "Census 2010: Tennessee". USA Today. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 

External links








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