Cat meat

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For meat eaten by cats, see cat food.
Cats sold for meat alongside ducks

Cat meat is meat prepared from domestic cats for human consumption (not to be confused with a British usage referring to meat sold to cat owners in the days before packaged pet foods).12 Acceptability as a food source varies in different parts of the world. Some countries have resorted to the consumption of cat meat in desperation during wartime or poverty, while others believe eating cat meat will bring good luck or health. A number of cultures and various religions consider the consumption of cat meat to be taboo for humane reasons.citation needed

Consumption of cat meat

In most cultures, eating cat meat is considered taboo, in some cases even more than the consumption of dog meat, and it is condemned by many religions.

China

Fur being removed from cats after slaughter. These cats were just submerged in boiling water for a few seconds after being killed. This loosens the fur, making it easier to remove. Image taken at an East Asian market.

In Guangdong and Guangxi provinces in south-eastern China, some - especially older - people consider cat flesh a good warming food during winter months. However, in northern China eating cat is considered unacceptable. It is estimated that around 4 million cats are eaten in China each year, and that the number is rising.3 However, overseas visitors are unlikely to come across downtown restaurants serving cat, which is only common out of town and in the city outskirts.3

The cat's stomach and intestines may be eaten, as well as meat from the thighs, which are turned into meatballs served with soup, with the head and the rest of the animal then thrown away. In Guangdong, cat meat is a main ingredient in the traditional dish "dragon, tiger, phoenix" (snake, cat, chicken), which is said to fortify the body.3

Organized cat-collectors supply the southern restaurants with animals that often originate in Anhui and Jiangsu provinces.345 On 26 January 2010 China launched its first draft proposal to protect the country's animals from maltreatment including a measure to jail people, for periods up to 15 days, for eating cat or dog meat.67

With the increase of cats as pets in China, opposition towards the traditional use of cats for food has grown. In June 2006, approximately 40 activists stormed the Fangji Cat Meatball Restaurant in Shenzhen, forcing it to shut down.8 Expanded to more than 40 member societies, the Chinese Animal Protection Network in January 2006 began organizing well-publicized protests against dog and cat consumption, starting in Guangzhou, following up in more than ten other cities "with very optimal response from public."9

Korea, Japan

In Japan, cat meat was consumed until the end of Tokugawa period in the 19th century,10 though since it has long been considered unacceptable.citation needed Okinawans once ate a cat soup called Mayaa no Ushiru (マヤーのウシル).

In Korea, cat meat is boiled and made into a tonic as a folk remedy for neuralgia and arthritis, though the meat by itself is not customarily eaten.11dead link

South America

Cat is not a regular menu item in Peru, but is used in such dishes as fricassee and stews most abundant in two specific sites in the country: the southern town of Chincha Alta (Ica Region, Afro-Peruvian mostly) and the north-central Andean town of Huari (Ancash Region). Primarily used by Afro-Peruvians. Cat cooking techniques are demonstrated every September during the festival of Saint Efigenia in a town of La Quebrada.12 In Huari, cat is consumed as replacement for guinea pig, most used through all Peruvian Highlands. Huari born people are often known as mishicancas (from Ancash Quechua mishi kanka, grilled cat).

In Brazil, specifically in Rio de Janeiro, there are urban legends saying that some street-made barbecue is made of cat meat, which is called "churrasquinho de gato" (literally, cat barbecue).

Cat meat was consumed in the city of Gran Rosario in Argentina in the middle of the economic crisis in 1996. As citizens of Gran Rosario argued to the media, "It's not denigrating to eat cat, it keeps a child's stomach full."13

Switzerland

Cats are eaten in certain rural Swiss cultures;14 the traditional recipe on farms in some regions involved cooking the cat with sprigs of thyme.15 In January 2004, Reuters reported that, "Swiss culinary traditions include puppies and kittens. Private consumption of cat and dog is permissible. Swiss animal welfare groups say it is hard to estimate how many pets are eaten in Switzerland every year."16

Rest of Europe

In June 2008, three students at the Danish School of Media and Journalism published pictures of a cat being slaughtered in Citat, a magazine for journalism students. Their goal was to create a debate about animal welfare. The cat was shot by its owner, a farmer, and it would have been put down in any case. The farmer slaughtered the cat as well, all within the limits of Danish law. This led to criticism from Danish animal welfare group Dyrenes Beskyttelse.1718 Furthermore the students received death threats.19

In February 2010, the food writer Beppe Bigazzi on a televised cooking show mentioned that cat stew was a "succulent" and well known dish in his home area of Valdarno, Tuscany. Later he claimed he had been joking, but added that cats used to be eaten in the area during famine periods, historically; he was widely criticised in the media for his comments and ultimately dropped from the television network.20

Cats were sometimes eaten as a famine food during harsh winters, poor harvests, and wartime. Cat gained notoriety as "roof rabbit" in Central Europe's hard times during and between World War I and World War II.2122

In 18th-century Britain, there are a few records of cats eaten as a form of entertainment.23

Elsewhere

Indigenous Australians in the area of Alice Springs roast feral cats on an open fire. They have also developed recipes for cat stew. Some other inhabitants of the area have also taken up this custom, justified on the grounds that felines are "a serious threat to Australia's native fauna". Scientists warned that eating wild cats could expose humans to harmful bacteria and toxins.24

In some cultures of Cameroon, there is a special ceremony featuring cat-eating that is thought to bring good luck.25

The Jewish laws of kashrut and Islamic dietary laws both forbid the consumption of cat meat.26 Kashrut disallows the consumption of all mammals that do not both have cloven hooves and chew cud.

In fiction

In the American science fiction sitcom ALF, cat is considered a delicacy on the protagonist's home planet, Melmac, and was sometimes garnished with plum sauce.27

In the opening scene of the 2010 American post-apocalyptic action film The Book of Eli, the main character is seen hunting a hairless cat in the woods.28

See also

References

  1. ^ "Cat Feeding". petcareguides.org. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  2. ^ "London Observed: John Galt - Cat's meat man on an East End street". Retrieved 2008-07-18. dead link
  3. ^ a b c d Some call it an indelicate trade, others, a delicacy, Xinhuanet.com, 13 Jan 2012 (from China Daily)
  4. ^ Wang, Yu (2008-12-19). "Nanjing sends meat that meows to Guangzhou". Beijing: Beijing Today. 
  5. ^ Moore, Malcolm (2009-01-01). "Cat-nappers feed Cantonese taste for pet delicacy". London: Telegraph. 
  6. ^ "China to jail people for up to 15 days who eat dog". Chinadaily. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  7. ^ "Trung Quốc sắp sửa cấm ăn thịt chó, mèo".  (Vietnamese)
  8. ^ "Animal rights protest shuts restaurant". Reuters. Retrieved 2006-10-22. 
  9. ^ "Guangzhou bans eating snakes--ban helps cats". Reuters via animalpeoplenews.org. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  10. ^ Hanley, Susan (1997). Everyday Things in Premodern Japan. p. 66. 
  11. ^ "Campaigns - Dog and cat meat". Retrieved 2006-12-26. 
  12. ^ "'Cat-eaters' take note - feline feast at Peru festival". planetark.com. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  13. ^ Macclancy, Jeremy (2009). Consuming the Inedible: Neglected Dimensions of Food Choice. Providence: Berghahn Books. p. 157. ISBN 1-84545-684-X. 
  14. ^ "Utusan Express: Anyone for a hot dog? Going spare in Switzerland". jphpk.gov.my. Archived from the original on 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2012-03-18. 
  15. ^ Paterson, Tony (2008-04-25). "Switzerland finds a way to skin a cat for the fur trade and high fashion". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  16. ^ "Cats - Friend or Food?". messybeast.com. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  17. ^ Walsh, Kevin (2008-06-05). "Journalistelever spiser kat" [Journalism students eat cat]. BT (in Danish) (Berlingske Media). Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  18. ^ Andreassen, Andreas Marckmann (2008-06-06). "Journaliststuderende spiser kat på nettet" [Journalism students eat cat online]. Journalisten.dk (in Danish) (Journalisten). Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  19. ^ Helmer, Jesper (2008-06-07). "Århus-studerende spiste kat - nu trues de på livet" [Students from Århus ate cat - are now threatened on their life]. Avisen.dk (in Danish) (Avisen.dk ApS). Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  20. ^ Owen, Richard (February 16, 2010). "Celebrity chef Beppe Bigazzi upsets viewers with his cat casserole". London: The Times. 
  21. ^ "Cats - Friend Or Food". Messybeast.com. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  22. ^ "Cecil Sommers. Temporary Crusaders. 1919". Net.lib.byu.edu. 1917-11-24. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  23. ^ "The Cat Eaters". forteantimes.com. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  24. ^ Mercer, Phil (2007-09-02). "Australians cook up wild cat stew". BBC News. 
  25. ^ Ngwa-Niba, Francis (2003-03-17). "The cat eaters of Cameroon". BBC News. 
  26. ^ Sahih Muslim, 21:4752
  27. ^ "ALF - Fun Facts and Information". Funtrivia.com. 1986-09-22. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  28. ^ "The Book of Eli (2010) - IMDb". Imdb.com. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 

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