Central Greece

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Continental/Central Greece
Στερεά/Κεντρική Ελλάδα
Region of Greece
Continental Greece within Greece
Continental Greece within Greece
Capital Athens
Subdivisions
Area
 • Total 24,818.3 km2 (9,582.4 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 4,591,568 (2,001 census)
 • Density 185/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demonym Stereoelladites, Roumeliotes

Central Greece (Greek: Στερεά Ελλάδα, Stereá Elláda; formerly Χέρσος Ἑλλάς, Chérsos Ellás), colloquially known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), is a traditional geographic region of Greece. Its territory is divided among the modern administrative regions of Central Greece and Attica, and the regional unit of Aetolia-Acarnania in West Greece. Although Attica, including the entire metropolitan area of Athens, is traditionally considered part of Central Greece, it has been administered as a separate region since 1987.

Etymology

The region has traditionally been known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), a name deriving from the Turkish word Rumelia or Rumeli, meaning "the land of the Rum [the Romans, i.e. the Byzantine Greeks". The official name Stereá Elláda ("Continental" or "Mainland" Greece), derives from the juxtaposition with the Peloponnese peninsula across the Corinthian Gulf, and the fact that these two territories formed the independent Greek state in 1832.

Geography

Central Greece is the most populous geographical region of Greece, with a population of 4,591,568 people, and covers an area of 24,818.3 km², making it the second largest of the country. It is located to the north of the Peloponnese and to the south of Thessaly and Epirus, bordering the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west and the Corinthian Gulf to the south. Its climate is temperate along its coastlines, and dry in the interior.

Mountains

The region is one of the most mountainous in Greece, having some of the highest elevations in the country.

Number Mountain Height (m) Placed
in Greece
Regional unit
1 Giona
2,510
5th
Phocis
2 Vardousia
2,495
7th
Phocis
3 Parnassus
2,457
9th
Phocis, Boeotia
4 Tymfristos
2,315
16th
Evrytania, Phthiotis
5 Oeta
2,152
22nd
Phthiotis

Lakes

Central Greece has also some of the largest lakes in Greece, while amongst the most important is Mornos lake in Phocis, which supplies water to Phocis, parts of Phthiotis and Boeotia and Athens as well.

Number Lake Area (km²) Placed
in Greece
Regional unit
1 Trichonida
96,513
1st
Aetolia-Acarnania
2 Yliki
22,731
9th
Boeotia
3 Amvrakia
13,619
13th
Aetolia-Acarnania
4 Lysimachia
13,200
14th
Aetolia-Acarnania
5 Ozeros
10,013
16th
Aetolia-Acarnania

Rivers

Some important and well known rivers of Central Greece are Acheloos in Aetolia-Acarnania which is the second longest of the country, Spercheios in Phthiotis, Evenus in Aetolia-Acarnania and Mornos in Phocis.

Cities

The principal cities of the region of Central Greece according to the census of 2001 are:

  • Athens
    3,130,841 (Athens metropolitan area)
    • including all the towns around Athens urban area
    3,761,810)
  • Lamia
58,601
57,147
53,584
21,211
20,061

Culture

Roumelian music and dances

Roumelian dances tend to be slow and controlled. The clarinet is the main instrument in this region. The main dances of this region are tsamikos (in which the leader performs energetic leaps) and kleftiko.

See also

External links








Creative Commons License