||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Sentences must be simple. (September 2011)|
|• Total||4.86 sq mi (12.59 km2)|
|• Land||4.80 sq mi (12.43 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|Elevation||322 ft (98 m)|
|• Estimate (20123)||5,908|
|• Density||1,239.0/sq mi (478.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||07157435|
Charleston is a city in Mississippi County, Missouri, United States. The population was 5,947 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Mississippi County6 and it is a home to a local correctional facility.
Charleston is the biggest town on the Missouri side near the confluence of the Mississippi River and Ohio River at Bird's Point, Missouri (11 miles east on U.S. Route 60). Its history has been tied to traffic on the rivers.
Settlement initially occurred on the north side in what in 1805 was called Matthews Prairie.
After purchasing 22.5 acres (91,000 m2) for $337, Joseph Moore laid out the community in 1837. 7 According to town lore, Moore promised to name the town for his brother Charles if he helped. At various times it was called St. Charles Prairie and Carlos Prairie before ultimately being named Charleston.
In 1845 it was selected the county seat.
On September 1, 1861, Confederate General M. Jeff Thompson robbed the Union Bank of Charleston. Thompson, who handed the cashier a note, gave the cashier an hour to get approval from superiors to give him keys to the vault. After receiving the money, he left a receipt for $57,000 and discovered later that only $56,000 was in the bags.8
The city was the epicenter of the October 31, 1895 6.6 earthquake on the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The quake damaged virtually every building in Charleston, creating sand volcanoes and cracking a pier on the Cairo Rail Bridge. In addition, chimneys toppled in St. Louis, Missouri; Memphis, Tennessee; Gadsden, Alabama; and Evansville, Indiana. The fate of specific buildings may also be traced by Sanborn Maps that were produced of the town during this period.9 This was the largest quake since the 1812 New Madrid earthquake, which measured at 8.3 and was the biggest recorded quake in the Contiguous United States.10 One of the most visible signs of the quake is located south of Charleston at Henson Lake, which was greatly expanded by the quake.
In 1901 the county courthouse was built. It was designed by J.B. Legg, who designed numerous buildings throughout Missouri including the Gasconade County, Missouri and St. Charles County, Missouri courthouses. On February 10, 1997, the courthouse was damaged by fire and was subsequently torn down.
As of the census2 of 2010, there were 5,947 people, 1,705 households, and 1,107 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,239.0 inhabitants per square mile (478.4 /km2). There were 1,883 housing units at an average density of 392.3 per square mile (151.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 47.6% White, 50.4% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.
There were 1,705 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.1% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05.
The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 61.3% male and 38.7% female.
As of the census4 of 2000, there were 4,732 people, 1,834 households, and 1,228 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,011.8 people per square mile (390.4/km²). There were 1,957 housing units at an average density of 418.5 per square mile (161.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.11% White, 45.60% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population.
There were 1,834 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 24.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,812, and the median income for a family was $28,178. Males had a median income of $25,908 versus $17,292 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,876. About 21.2% of families and 26.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.3% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Charlie Babb, former football player, played for the Miami Dolphins12
- Ricky Frazier, former basketball playercitation needed
- Betty Cooper Hearnes, Missouri politiciancitation needed
- Warren E. Hearnes, former Missouri Governor13
- Ernie Nevel, baseball player14
- Kenny Rollins, basketball player15
- John E. Scott, former state senate president pro temporecitation needed
- Matt Whiteside, baseball player16
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- M. Jeff Thompson: Missouri's swamp fox of the Confederacy By Doris Land Mueller
- Sanborn Maps for Missouri: Charleston, from the University of Missouri Digital Library. Accessed 2011-03-14.
- Historic Earthquakes: Near Charleston, Mississippi County, Missouri - usgs.gov - Retrieved August 27, 2009
- "Show-Me Showdown schedule & results". Mo. State High Schoo Activities Assn. website. 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
- "Charlie Babb". databseFootball.com. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "Warren Eastman Hearnes". Find A Grave. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "Ernie Wyre Nevel". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "Kenny Rollins". Find A Grave. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "Matt Whiteside Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved May 27, 2013.