Chatham County, Georgia

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Chatham County, Georgia
Revised Chatham County Courthouse, Savannah, GA IMG 4701.JPG
Chatham County Administrative and Legislative Center in Savannah, Georgia
Seal of Chatham County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Chatham County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 5, 1777
Seat Savannah
Largest city Savannah
Area
 • Total 632.28 sq mi (1,638 km2)
 • Land 438.11 sq mi (1,135 km2)
 • Water 194.17 sq mi (503 km2), 30.71%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 278,434
 • Density 530/sq mi (204/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.chathamcounty.org

Chatham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. The county seat and largest city is Savannah.1 The U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 population estimate was 278,434 residents.2 (The official 2010 census had reported a total population of 265,128, a 14.3 percent increase over the 2000 figure of 232,048.)3 Chatham is the most populous Georgia county outside the Atlanta metropolitan area.4 One of the original counties of Georgia, Chatham County was created February 5, 1777, and is named after William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham.

Chatham County is one of three counties that constitute the Savannah Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 632.28 square miles (1,637.6 km2), of which 438.11 square miles (1,134.7 km2) (or 69.29%) is land and 194.17 square miles (502.9 km2) (or 30.71%) is water.5

Geographic features

Chatham County is the northernmost of Georgia's coastal counties on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded on the northeast by the Savannah River, and in the southwest bounded by the Ogeechee River.

Major highways

Interstate highways

U.S. highways

State routes

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,769
1800 12,946 20.2%
1810 13,540 4.6%
1820 14,737 8.8%
1830 14,127 −4.1%
1840 18,801 33.1%
1850 23,901 27.1%
1860 31,043 29.9%
1870 41,279 33.0%
1880 45,023 9.1%
1890 57,740 28.2%
1900 71,239 23.4%
1910 79,690 11.9%
1920 100,032 25.5%
1930 105,431 5.4%
1940 117,970 11.9%
1950 151,481 28.4%
1960 188,299 24.3%
1970 187,767 −0.3%
1980 202,226 7.7%
1990 216,935 7.3%
2000 232,048 7.0%
2010 265,128 14.3%
Est. 2013 278,434 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census6
2012 Estimate7

Per the 2010 census, Chatham County’s total population was 265,128 people, comprising 103,038 households, and 64,613 families. The population density was 530 people per square mile. There were 119,323 housing units at an average density of 228 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 54.5% White, 41.3% Black, 5.4% Hispanic, 0.8% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 2.6% other. The age of the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years old.

The median income per household was $42,763, and the median income for a family was $51,672. Males had a median income of $41,379 versus $33,094 for females. Chatham County residence’s per capita income was $23,701. Estimates show 12.9% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those ages 65 or older.8

Education

Public Safety

Chatham County is primarily policed by the Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Department (SCMPD) and the Georgia State Patrol. The Chatham County Sheriff's Office is the enforcement arm of the county court system and operates the county jail.9 The SCMPD was formed on January 1, 2005 when the separate Savannah Police Department and Chatham County Police merged.10

Government and infrastructure

The Coastal State Prison, a Georgia Department of Corrections state prison, is located in Savannah, near Garden City.1112

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2013/PEPANNRES/0400000/US13.05000
  3. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American Fact Finder". census.gov. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  9. ^ http://www.chathamsheriff.org/Enforcement.aspx
  10. ^ http://www.savannahpd.org/cityweb/scmpdorg.nsf/238f728e195a9dbb85256ae90052f4a9/05b4f92ebc47ef1e85256dc2006020c5?OpenDocument
  11. ^ "City of Savannah Neighborhoods 2008." City of Savannah. Retrieved on September 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "Coastal State Prison." Georgia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 15, 2010.

External links

Coordinates: 31°58′N 81°05′W / 31.97°N 81.09°W / 31.97; -81.09








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