In Pre-Columbian times what is now the city of Chimaltenango was known as B'oko' . Like many other cities in the area, the SpanishConquistadores used the name given by their Nahuatl speaking allies from central Mexico. The Nahuatl name was Chimaltenanco, or Shield-Town.
The city produces textiles and pottery. It is also the home of the Rose Education Foundation, a non-profit organization working to make educational opportunities available to children living in rural areas in Guatemala.