China at the Olympics
|China at the Olympic Games|
|Other related appearances|
|Republic of China (1932–1948)|
Originally having participated in Olympics for delegation of Republic of China from 1932 to 1948, China competed at the Olympic Games under the name of the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the first time in 1952, at the Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland, although they only arrived in time to participate in one event.1 That year, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) allowed both the PRC and the Republic of China (which recently relocated to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War) to compete, although the latter withdrew in protest.1 Due to the dispute over the political status of China, the PRC did not participate in the Olympics again until the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, United States.1 Their first appearance at the Summer Olympic Games after 1952 was the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, United States.2
The Chinese Olympic Committee in its current form was recognized in 1979.1 Before the Chinese Civil War, athletes competed as the Republic of China (ROC) at the Olympics. The ROC continued to compete from 1952 to 1976 (Winter), but only representing athletes from the island of Taiwan (although the football team members of ROC in the 1960 Olympic Games were overwhelmingly Hong Kongers). The dispute over use of the name China resulted in the PRC boycotting the Games completely during these years. In 1979, the International Olympic Committee passed a resolution for the ROC team to be designated Chinese Taipei, and this opened the door for the PRC to finally join the Olympic movement.1
Hong Kong has had a distinct National Olympic Committee since 1950 and has competed at the Games since 1952.3 After the territory was returned to the PRC and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was created in 1997, this arrangement has continued, with Hong Kong competing independently from the rest of the nation under the name Hong Kong, China.3
- 1 Hosted Games
- 2 Medal tables by Games
- 3 History
- 4 Medalists
- 4.1 Summer Olympics
- 4.2 Winter Olympics
- 5 Milestones
- 6 Flagbearer
- 7 See also
- 8 References
The People's Republic of China hosted the Games on one occasion
|2008 Summer Olympics||Beijing||8 – 24 August||204||10,942||302|
- *Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Leading in that sport
Ranking second in that sport, may reach first in gold medal number within 3-4 Olympics
|Short track speed skating||7||10||7||24||3|
After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, PRC sent a delegation to the Olympic Games for the first time at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. The Chinese delegation (including athletes and officials) consisted of 38 men and 2 women,6 including the men's football team, the men's basketball team, and one swimmer. Only the swimmer arrived in time to take part in the official competition, and the football team played two friendly matches.7 The Chinese stayed ten days in Helsinki and participated in the closing ceremony. The Republic of China's (ROC) team withdrew from the Games on July 17 in response to the IOC's decision to allow both PRC and ROC sportsmen and women to compete.8 This marked the beginning of the "two Chinas" conflict in the Olympic Movement, which resulted in the Chinese Olympic Committee's withdrawal from the IOC in August 1958.
In the 1970s, China normalized her relations with the United States through Ping Pong Diplomacy, and established diploma relations with the United States on Jan.1, 1979. The normalization finally lead to Chinese Olympic Committee's return to the IOC on Oct.25, 1979.6 Just three months later, China participated in the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, USA, her first appearance in 28 years since the 1952 Summer Olympics. While on the other hand, China's relation with the Soviet Union has deteriorated since the early 1960s, and got worse in 1979 because of the China-Vietnam conflict. So alongside the United States and western European countries, China also boycotted the 1980 Summer Olympics at Moscow, USSR. Since the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, China has participated in all subsequent Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
Till 2012, China won three-quarters of all gold medals (152 out of 201) and two-thirds of all medals (311 out of 473) in six sports: table tennis, badminton, diving, gymnastics, weightlifting, and shooting.
China recently dominated the gold medals in three of them, table tennis, badminton and diving. China won all golds four times in table tennis and one time in badminton, and won three-quarters of all diving golds since 1992.
The total dominance in table tennis and badminton also leads to negative consequences. Due to the low participations among non-Asian countries, these two sports may lose their positions in the Summer Olympics just like baseball and softball did after 2008.
While through the years, Chinese athletes got many breakthroughs in other sports that are traditionally China's weak sports. Among them, swimming is the potential one that may get into top five sports of China in the near future.
Li Ning won six medals in gymnastics, 3 golds, 2 silvers, and 1 bronze, earning him the nickname "Prince of Gymnasts" in China.10 Six medals in a single Olympics is still the record for any Chinese athlete.
Chinese women's volleyball team defeated USA women's team in the final and won China's first ball-game gold medal.
Li Meisu won China's first medal in athletics.
China also won first medals in rowing. A silver in women's coxed fours and a bronze in women's eights
China won 16 golds and ranked 4th at the 1992 Summer Olympics at Barcelona, Spain.
Chen Yueling won China's first athletics gold medal in women's 10 km walk.
Chinese female swimmers glittered with 4 golds and 5 silvers. But the success was later shadowed by the doping incident of Chinese swimmers just two years later at the 1994 Asian Games, although none of the medalists in 1992 was involved in the 1994 incident.
Deng Yaping won two table tennis golds in women's singles and women's doubles. IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch presented the gold medal to her after a promise made a year ago at 1991 World Table Tennis Championships.
Zhuang Xiaoyan won China's first judo gold medal in women's +72kg.
Zhang Xiaodong won silver medal in women's board (lechner), China's first medal in sailing.
Chinese women's basketball team lost final to the USA team, winning silver medal, China's best result in basketball.
China won 16 golds and ranked 4th again at the 1996 Summer Olympics at Atlanta, USA.
Fu Mingxia won two diving golds in women's 3 m springboard and women's 10 m platform, becoming the first female diver to accomplish this feat since 1960.
Deng Yaping won two golds in table tennis again, making her the first Chinese athlete to defend two events and win four Olympic gold medals. IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch presented the gold medal to her again after a promise made four years ago at 1992 Olympics.
Liu Guoliang also won two table tennis golds in men's events. China won all four golds in table tennis for the first time.
Wang Junxia won gold in women's 5000 m and silver in women's 10000 m.
Chinese women's football team lost final to the USA team, winning silver medal, China's first medal in football.
China won 28 golds and ranked 3rd at the 2000 Summer Olympics at Sydney, Australia.
Wang Nan won two golds in table tennis, China again won all four golds in table tennis.
Chen Zhong won China's first taekwondo gold medal in women's +67kg.
Jiang Cuihua won bronze in women's track time trial, China's first medal in cycling.
China won 32 golds and ranked 2nd at the 2004 Summer Olympics at Athens, Greece.
Liu Xiang became the first Chinese male athlete to win gold medal in an Olympic track event, 110 m hurdles, equaling the world record of 12.91 seconds. He became the China's flag bearer at the closing ceremony. Liu broke the world record with 12.88 seconds two years later in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Wang Yifu participated the Olympics for the record six consecutive times. He won gold in 10 m air pistol, his second gold and fourth medal in the event.
Wang Xu won China's first wrestling gold medal in women's freestyle 72 kg.
Chinese women's volleyball team come back from 0-2 deficit to defeat Russia women's team 3-2 in the final, winning China's second ball-game gold medal after 20 years.
As host country, China won 51 golds, 21 silvers and 28 bronze, total 100 medals, ranked 1st at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
Guo Jingjing won two golds in diving, becoming the first Chinese diver to defend two events successfully.
Ma Lin also won two table tennis golds in men's events. China won all four golds in table tennis for the third time.
Zhang Juanjuan won China's first archery gold in women's individual, breaking the long-time Korean dominance in the sport.
Yin Jian won China's first sailing gold in sailboard event in women's sailboard.
China won first rowing gold in women's quadruple sculls.
Chinese gymnasts won 11 golds, the best in history. Zou Kai won 3 golds in one team event and two individual events.
China's top star Liu Xiang pulled out of the first round of 110 m hurdles due to injury.
China won 38 golds and finished 2nd at the 2012 Summer Olympics at London, Great Britain.
Sun Yang, the men's 1500 m freestyle world-record-holder before the Olympics, became the first Chinese male swimmer to win gold in Olympics. He won two golds in men's 400 m freestyle and men's 1500 m freestyle, breaking the Olympic record and his own world record respectively.
Ye Shiwen became the first Chinese female swimmer to win two golds in a single Olympics. She won golds in women's 200 m medley and women's 400 m medley, breaking the Olympic record and world record respectively.
Wu Mingxia won diving gold in women's sync 3m springboard, becoming the only Chinese athlete to win three gold medals in a single event. She also won gold in women's 3m springboard, giving her all three medals in three participations in this event after silver in 2004 and bronze in 2008.
Zou Kai won two golds in gymnastics, becoming the only Chinese athlete to win five gold medals in Olympics.
Xu Lijia won gold in women's laser radial class, China's first gold medal in the sailboat event of sailing. She later became the China's flag bearer at the closing ceremony.
Lin Dan won badminton gold in men's singles, becoming the first athlete to defend the men's singles title in Olympic badminton history.
Zhao Yunlei won two golds in two badminton double events, becoming the only athlete to win two badminton gold medals in a single Olympics.
Cao Zhongrong won silver in men's event of modern pentathlon, China's first medal in the sport.
Chinese table tennis team won all four golds for the fourth time. Chinese badminton team won all five golds for the first time, but was a little shadowed by the disqualification of China's top seed women's double duo for not using best efforts.
No Chinese ball-game teams entered the final four, the worst performance in Chinese Summer Olympics history.
|This section requires expansion. (August 2012)|
China won medals in only 5 of the 15 Winter Olympics sports. Most of the golds and half of the medals come from short track speed skating.
Ye Qiaobo won China's first Winter Olympics medal in speed skating.
Yang Yang (A) won first Winter Olympics gold medal in short track speed skating.
Han Xiaopeng, first male athlete to win Winter Olympics gold medal in freestyle skiing.
Wang Meng shined in short track speed skating with three golds.
Since Chinese athletes are more likely to compete in more than one event in the sport of diving, gymnastics, table tennis, swimming, and more likely to compete in several Olympic games in the sport of shooting, most multiple medalists listed in the following three tables come from these five sports.
This is a list of Chinese athletes who have won at least three gold medals or five medals at the Summer Olympics. Still active athletes are marked in bold.
|5 or more Gold medals|
|4 Gold medals|
|Wang Nan||Table tennis||2000–2008||3||F||4||1||0||5|
|Deng Yaping||Table tennis||1992–1996||2||F||4||0||0||4|
|Zhang Yining||Table tennis||2004–2008||2||F||4||0||0||4|
|3 Gold medals|
|Ma Lin||Table tennis||2004–2008||2||M||3||0||0||3|
|5 or more medals|
|Wang Hao||Table tennis||2004–2012||3||M||2||3||0||5|
This is a list of Chinese athletes who have won at least two gold medals at a single Summer Olympics. Order first by golds, then by sports, then by year.
|3 Gold medals|
|2 Gold medals|
|Deng Yaping||Table tennis||1992||F||2||0||0||2|
|Deng Yaping||Table tennis||1996||F||2||0||0||2|
|Liu Guoliang||Table tennis||1996||M||2||0||0||2|
|Wang Nan||Table tennis||2000||F||2||0||0||2|
|Zhang Yining||Table tennis||2004||F||2||0||0||2|
|Zhang Yining||Table tennis||2008||F||2||0||0||2|
|Ma Lin||Table tennis||2008||M||2||0||0||2|
|Li Xiaoxia||Table tennis||2012||F||2||0||0||2|
|Zhang Jike||Table tennis||2012||M||2||0||0||2|
This is a list of Chinese athletes who have won at least three medals in a single event at Summer Olympics. Order first by medals, then by sport, then by golds.
|Wang Yifu||Shooting||Men's 10 m air pistol||1984–2004||52||M||1992,2004||1996,2000||-||2-2-0||4|
|3 Gold medals|
|Wu Minxia||Diving||Women's Synchro 3m Springboard||2004–2012||3||F||2004,2008,2012||-||-||3-0-0||3|
|Zou Shiming||Boxing||Men's light flyweight||2004–2012||3||M||2008,2012||-||2004||2-0-1||3|
|Guo Jingjing||Diving||Women's Synchro 3m Springboard||1996–2008||33||F||2004,2008||2000||-||2-1-0||3|
|Guo Jingjing||Diving||Women's 3m Springboard||1996–2008||33||F||2004,2008||2000||-||2-1-0||3|
|Wu Minxia||Diving||Women's 3m Springboard||2004–2012||3||F||2012||2004||2008||1-1-1||3|
|Tan Liangde||Diving||Men's 3m Springboard||1984–1992||3||M||-||1984,1988,1992||-||0-3-0||3|
|Li Xiaopeng||Gymnastics||Men's parallel bars||2000–2008||3||M||2000,2008||-||2004||2-0-1||3|
|Chen Jing4||Table tennis||Women's singles||1988–2000||3||F||1988||1996||2000||1-1-1||3|
|Wang Hao||Table tennis||Men's singles||2004–2012||3||M||-||2004,2008,2012||-||0-3-0||3|
|Sheng Zetian||Wrestling||Men's Greco-Roman 57/58 kg5||1992–2000||3||M||-||-||1992,1996,2000||0-0-3||3|
2 Wang Yifu competed at six Olympics games from 1984 to 2004. But 10 m air pistol was introduced to the Olympics after 1988. So he competed five times in the event. He ranked 15th in 1988 and ranked top two at the next four Olympics.
3 Guo Jingjing competed at four Olympics games from 1996 to 2008. She ranked 5th in the event of 10m platform diving in 1996 at the age of 15. After that, due to rapid increase of height and weight, she switched to more suitable springboard diving. She competed in two 3m springboard events in the next three Olympics and got six medals.
5 The category was 57 kg in 1992 and 1996 Olympics, and then changed to 58 kg in 2000.
This is a list of Chinese athletes who competed in at least four Summer Olympics. Still active athletes are marked in bold. Age 15- and 40+ are marked in bold.
|Name||Sport||Gender||Born Year||Games Year||First/Last Age||Best Result||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Medal||Total|
|Luan Jujie6||Fencing||F||1958||1984 1988
|Wang Zhizhi||Basketball||M||1977||1996 2000
This is a list of Chinese athletes who have won at least two gold medals or three medals at the Winter Olympics. Still active athletes are marked in bold.
|2 or more Gold medals|
|Wang Meng||Short track||2006–2010||2||F||4||1||1||6|
|Yang Yang (A)||Short track||1998–2006||3||F||2||2||1||5|
|Zhou Yang||Short track||2010–2010||1||F||2||0||0||2|
|3 or more medals|
|Shen Xue||Figure skating||1998–2010||4||F||1||0||2||3|
|Zhao Hongbo||Figure skating||1998–2010||4||M||1||0||2||3|
|Yang Yang (S)||Short track||1998–2002||2||F||0||4||1||5|
|Li Jiajun||Short track||1994–2006||4||M||0||2||3||5|
|Ye Qiaobo||Speed skating||1992–1994||2||F||0||2||1||3|
|Wang Chunlu||Short track||1998–2002||2||F||0||2||1||3|
This is a list of Chinese athletes who have won at least two gold medals at a single Winter Olympics. Order first by golds, then by sports, then by year.
|3 Gold medals|
|Wang Meng||Short track||2010||F||3||0||0||3|
|2 Gold medals|
|Yang Yang (A)||Short track||2002||F||2||1||0||3|
|Zhou Yang||Short track||2010||F||2||0||0||2|
This is a list of Chinese athletes who have won at least three medals in a single event at Winter Olympics. Order first by medals, then by sport, then by golds.
|Shen Xue||Figure skating||Pair skating||1998–2010||4||F||2010||-||2002,2006||1-0-2||3|
|Zhao Hongbo||Figure skating||Pair skating||1998–2010||4||M||2010||-||2002,2006||1-0-2||3|
This is a list of Chinese athletes who competed in at least four Winter Olympics. Still active athletes are marked in bold.
|Name||Sport||Gender||Born Year||Games Year||First/Last Age||Best Result||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Medal||Total|
|Shen Xue||Figure skating||F||1978||1998–2010||20–32||Gold||2010||-||2002,2006||1-0-2||3|
|Zhao Hongbo||Figure skating||M||1973||1998–2010||25–37||Gold||2010||-||2002,2006||1-0-2||3|
|Li Jiajun||Short track||M||1975||1994–2006||19–31||Silver||-||1998,2002||1998,2002,2006||0-2-3||5|
|Wang Manli||Speed skating||F||1973||1994–2006||21–33||Silver||-||2006||-||0-1-0||1|
- 1st medal : Xu Haifeng, Shooting, 1984
- 1st gold medal : Xu Haifeng, Shooting, 1984
- 10th gold medal : Li Ning, Gymnastics, 1984
- 50th gold medal : Deng Yaping, Table tennis, 1996
- 100th gold medal : Zhang Yining, Table tennis, 2004
- 200th gold medal : Chen Ruolin, Diving, 2012
- 1st medal: Ye Qiaobo, Speed skating, 199211
- 1st gold medal : Yang Yang (A), Short track speed skating, 2002
- 10th gold medal :
|1984 Los Angeles||Wang Libin||M||Basketball|
|1988 Seoul||Song Tao||M||Basketball|
|1992 Barcelona||Song Ligang||M||Basketball|
|1996 Atlanta||Liu Yudong||M||Basketball|
|2000 Sydney||Liu Yudong||M||Basketball|
|2004 Athens||Yao Ming||M||Basketball||Liu Xiang||M||Athletics|
|2008 Beijing||Yao Ming||M||Basketball||Zhang Ning||F||Badminton|
|2012 London||Yi Jianlian||M||Basketball||Xu Lijia||F||Sailing|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to China at the Olympic Games.|
- "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2006-12-09.
- "Chinese Olympic Committee". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- 10th-15th Olympic Games: 1936-1952 Chinese Olympic Committee.
- 23rd Olympic Games: Los Angeles 1984 Chinese Olympic Committee.
- SF&OC History Sports Federation and Olympic Committee of Hong Kong, China.
- including artistic, rhythmic and trampoline
- including indoor and beach
- (ed.) Monique Berlioux (August–September 1983). "China and Olympism" (PDF). Olympic Review (International Olympic Committee) (190–191): pp. 583–592. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- Mulvenney, Nick (2008-08-07). "Chen Chengda, China's almost Olympian". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- "1952: Zatopek wins gold at Helsinki". On This Day 20 July (BBC News). 1952-07-20. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
- http://en.olympic.cn/games/summer/2004-03-27/121671.html 23rd Olympic Games: Los Angeles 1984 Chinese Olympic Committee.
- Reuters - Li Ning, "Prince of Gymnasts" and businessman - 8 Aug 2008