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The Chinese Academy has its roots from Academia Sinica,founded in 1928 by the Guomindang Nationalist Government. After Communist Party in control of mainland China, Academia Sinica was renamed as Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has six academic divisions:
Being granted a Fellowship of the Academy represents the highest level of national honor for Chinese scientists. The CAS membership system includes fellows (院士), emeritus fellows (荣誉院士) and foreign fellows (外籍院士).
On 26 February 2007, the CAS published a Declaration of Scientific Ideology and set up a commission for scientific integrity to promote transparency, autonomy and accountability of scientific research in the country. The Ministry of Science and Technology had at the same time also initiated measures to address misconduct in state-funded programs.2