|Columbia River Valley|
|Linguistic classification:||Penutian ?
Pre-contact distribution of Chinookan languages
Chinookan languages consist of three languages with multiple varieties. There is some dispute over classification, and there are two ISO 639-3 codes assigned: chh (Chinook, Lower Chinook) and wac (Wasco-Wishram, Upper Chinook). For example, Ethnologue 15e classifies Kiksht as Lower Chinook, while others consider it instead Upper Chinook (discussion), and others a separate language.
- Lower Chinook (also known as Chinook-proper or Coastal Chinook), now extinct (†).citation needed
- Kathlamet (also known as Katlamat, Cathlamet), now extinct (†).
- Upper Chinook (also known as Kiksht, Columbia Chinook)
A Chinookan Phonetic Law E. Sapir International Journal of American Linguistics , Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jan., 1926) , pp. 105-110 Published by: The University of Chicago Press Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1263359
Hymes, Dell. "A Pattern Of Verbal Irony In Chinookan." International Journal Of The Sociology Of Language 1987.65 (1987): 97-110. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
"We Should Lose Much by Their Absence": The Centrality of Chinookans and Kalapuyans to Life in Frontier Oregon Mathias D. Bergmann Oregon Historical Quarterly , Vol. 109, No. 1 (Spring, 2008) , pp. 34-59 Published by: Oregon Historical Society Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20615823
- Mithun, Marianne. (1999). The languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
- George Gibbs, Alphabetical Vocabulary of the Chinook Language, New York : Cramoisy Press, 1863.
|Chinookan languages test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- Aaron Clark, "Tribes strive to save native tongues (Wasco tribe’s Kiksht language)", Christian Science Monitor, 23 May 2008
|This indigenous languages of the Americas-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|