|Columbia River Valley|
|Linguistic classification:||Penutian ?
Pre-contact distribution of Chinookan languages
Chinookan languages consist of three languages with multiple varieties. There is some dispute over classification, and there are two ISO 639-3 codes assigned: chh (Chinook, Lower Chinook) and wac (Wasco-Wishram, Upper Chinook). For example, Ethnologue 15e classifies Kiksht as Lower Chinook, while others consider it instead Upper Chinook (discussion), and others a separate language.
- Lower Chinook (also known as Chinook-proper or Coastal Chinook), now extinct (†).citation needed
- Kathlamet (also known as Katlamat, Cathlamet), now extinct (†).
- Upper Chinook (also known as Kiksht, Columbia Chinook)
- Mithun, Marianne. (1999). The languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
- George Gibbs, Alphabetical Vocabulary of the Chinook Language, New York : Cramoisy Press, 1863.
|Chinookan languages test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- Aaron Clark, "Tribes strive to save native tongues (Wasco tribe’s Kiksht language)", Christian Science Monitor, 23 May 2008
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