Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid (thin pigmented vascular coat of the eye) and retina of the eye. It is a form of posterior . If only the choroid is inflamed and not the retina, the condition is termed uveitis choroiditis. The 1 ophthalmologist's goal in treating these potentially blinding conditions is to eliminate the inflammation and minimize the potential risk of therapy to the patient.
Symptoms may include the presence of
floating black spots, blurred vision, pain or redness in the eye, sensitivity to light, or excessive tearing. 2
Chorioretinitis is often caused by
toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus infections (mostly seen in immunodeficient subjects such as people with AIDS or on immunosuppressant drugs). Congenital toxoplasmosis via transplacental transmission can also lead to 3 sequelae such as chorioretinitis along with hydrocephalus and cerebral calcifications. Other possible causes of chorioretinitis are syphilis, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, Behcet's Disease and onchocerciasis.
It is treated with a combination of
corticosteroids and antibiotics. If there is an underlying cause such as AIDS, specific therapy can be started as well.
^ "Choroiditis (definition)". WebMD . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
^ Berman, Eric L. "Choroiretinitis.". NYU Langone Medical Center . Retrieved July 11, 2012.
^ Kasper et al., ed. (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine (16th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 959, 1038. ISBN 0-07-140235-7.
^ Neil J. Friedman, Peter K. Kaiser, Roberto Pineda (2009). The Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary illustrated manual of ophthalmology (3rd ed.). Saunders/Elsevier. ISBN 978-1437709087.
^ Emmett T. Cunningham, Paul Riordan-Eva. Vaughan & Asbury's general ophthalmology. (18th ed. ed.). McGraw-Hill Medical. ISBN 978-0071634205.