Johnson County courthouse
|Nickname(s): "This is Texas"|
|Motto: Branded 1867; Re-established Daily|
Location of Cleburne, Texas
|Established||March 23, 1867|
|• City Council||Mayor Scott Cain
Dr. Robert Kelly
|• City Manager||Rick Holden|
|• Total||30.5 sq mi (78.9 km2)|
|• Land||27.8 sq mi (72.0 km2)|
|• Water||2.7 sq mi (6.9 km2)|
|Elevation||764 ft (233 m)|
|• Density||935.9/sq mi (361.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||76031, 76033 1|
|FIPS code||48-15364 2|
|GNIS feature ID||1332964 3|
Cleburne is a city and county seat of Johnson County, Texas, United States. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the population is 29,377. The city is named in honor of Patrick Cleburne, a Confederate General.4 Lake Pat Cleburne, the reservoir that provides water to the city and surrounding area, is also named after him.
Cleburne is Johnson County's third county seat. It was formerly known as Camp Henderson, a temporary Civil War outpost from which Johnson County soldiers would depart for war (most of them would serve under General Cleburne). The city was formally incorporated in 1871.
In August 1886 the Texas Farmers' Alliance met at Lee's Academy5 and adopted a seventeen point political resolution, commonly known as the Cleburne Demands, which was the first major document of the agrarian revolt occurring at the end of the late nineteenth century.6
Cleburne was primarily an agricultural center and county seat until the Santa Fe Railroad opened a major facility there in 1898. During this time the population boomed, as it became a sizable city for the area with over 12,000 residents by 1920.
Cleburne is on the fringe of the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Growth in the area can be primarily attributed to suburbanization. It is the second most populous city in Johnson County (slightly less populous than Burleson).7
On May 15, 2013 Cleburne was hit by a powerful tornado that cut a mile-wide path through part of the city and damaged about 600 homes. Many schools in the town were also damaged. The weather service said it was an EF-3, which has winds between 136 and 165 mph. No deaths or severe injuries were reported.8
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.5 square miles (79 km2), of which 27.8 square miles (72 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (8.77%) is water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there were 26,005 people, 9,335 households, and 6,767 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.9 people per square mile (361.3/km²). There were 9,910 housing units at an average density of 356.7 per square mile (137.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.32% White, 4.44% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 6.42% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.90% of the population.
There were 9,335 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,481, and the median income for a family was $41,975. Males had a median income of $32,131 versus $21,778 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,762.
The City of Cleburne Parks and Recreation Department maintains Splash Station, a small water park for people of all ages.
Near Cleburne is Cleburne State Park, located 10 miles (16 km) from the city limits. It has fishing, camping, swimming, and hiking trails. For younger children there is the 96-acre (390,000 m2) Cleburne Sports Complex, containing seven baseball/softball fields, two football fields, and 20 soccer fields.
Local government is the major employer in Cleburne, providing 1,650 jobs. Other major employers include Walmart, which maintains a Supercenter retail outlet, as well as a distribution center. Together those facilities employ 914 workers. Johns Manville, Texas Resources Harris Methodist Hospital, Greenbrier rail service(operating at the rail yards previously occupied by Burlington Northern Santa Fe), Supreme Corporation of Texas and broan-nutone are among other major private sector employers. A recent natural-gas boom has now brought related companies to the district and surrounding areas.9
The 1998 television movie, Still Holding on: The Legend of Cadillac Jack, with Clint Black in the title role of rodeo star Jack Favor, wrongfully convicted in 1967 of two murders near Haughton, Louisiana, was filmed in Cleburne.10
The City of Cleburne is served by the Cleburne Independent School District. Cleburne has one High School, Cleburne High School. CISD also maintains an alternative school, the Team School, and Phoenix which is the disciplinary school. The district operates two middle schools for grades 6 though 8: A.D. Wheat Middle School and Lowell Smith Middle School. Elementary level schools serving the Cleburne area are Adams, Coleman, Cooke, Gerard, Irving, Marti and Santa Fe (grades K through 5). A K4 - 12th grade private school (Cleburne Christian Academy) is also available.
Cleburne High School is in UIL district 8-4A.
Cleburne's most notable sports stadium is nicknamed "The Rock". It is primarily made of stone and was constructed by the Public Works Administration workers in 1934. Football and soccer are played on this field.
Cleburne High School fields teams in the following sports:
- Basketball, boys and girls
- Softball, girls
- Volleyball, girls
- Track, boys and girls
- Cross country, boys and girls
- Tennis, boys and girls
- Power lifting
- Soccer, boys and girls
- Swimming, boys and girls
- Golf, boys and girls
Cleburne High School has the following arts programs:
- Marching Band
- Concert Band
- Jazz Band
- Competitive Pottery
- Johnny Carroll — Rockabilly singer that recorded for Sun Records, Decca Records, and Warner Brothers
- Dillon Gee — Pitcher for the New York Mets
- Spike Owen — Former Major League Baseball shortstop
- Derrell Palmer — Former 1950s Cleveland Browns Lineman
- Randy Rogers — Singer and front man of the Randy Rogers Band
- Barbara Staff - Co-chairman of the 1976 Ronald Reagan Texas presidential primary campaign; born in Cleburne in 1924
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cleburne has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.11
- United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 84.
- "The Handbook of Texas Online: Johnson County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-01-28.
- Goodwyn, Lawrence (1978), The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-502417-6, p.46-49.
- North Central Texas Council of Governments
- Source: Cleburne Chamber of Commerce
- "Still Holding On: The Legend of Cadillac Jack". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Climate Summary for Cleburne, Texas