Concord, North Carolina

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Concord
Satellite city
City of Concord
Concord Downtown
Concord Downtown
Official seal of Concord
Seal
Location of Concord within North Carolina
Location of Concord within North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°24′16″N 80°36′2″W / 35.40444°N 80.60056°W / 35.40444; -80.60056Coordinates: 35°24′16″N 80°36′2″W / 35.40444°N 80.60056°W / 35.40444; -80.60056
Country  United States
State North Carolina
County Cabarrus
Founded April, 1796
Incorporated 1806
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Scott Padgett
Area
 • Satellite city 60.056 sq mi (155.55281 km2)
 • Land 60.047 sq mi (155.52173 km2)
 • Water 0.012 sq mi (0.03108 km2)  0.02%
Elevation 706 ft (215.188 m)
Population (2010)
 • Satellite city 79,066
 • Density 1,316/sq mi (508/km2)
 • Metro 1,745,524
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 28025, 28026, 28027
Area code(s) 704, 980
FIPS code 37-141001
GNIS feature ID 09834242
Website www.concordnc.gov

Concord (kon-kord) is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. According to Census 2010, the city has a current population of 79,066.3 It is the largest city in Cabarrus County4 and is the county seat. In terms of population, the city of Concord is the second largest city in the Charlotte Metropolitan Area and is the twelfth largest city in North Carolina.5

The city was also a winner of the All-America City Award in 2004. Located near the center of Cabarrus County, it is twenty miles (32 km) northeast of Uptown Charlotte.

The city is also known as the home of Charlotte Motor Speedway and numerous NASCAR driver headquarters.

Geography and climate

Concord is located at 35°24′16″N 80°36′2″W / 35.40444°N 80.60056°W / 35.40444; -80.60056 (35.404340, -80.600474).6

The city is located in the piedmont area of North Carolina which is characterized by rolling hills and forest. Land left unattended will typically return to native forest land within a few years. The climate can be described as cool winter seasons with hot, humid summer seasons. The average high temperature in the winter is 43°F, and the average daily low temperature is 29°F. In the summer the average temperature is 79°F, and the average daily high temperature is 88°F.7 It is not unusual for summer daytime temperatures to reach in the mid to upper 90s and occasionally exceed 100 degrees F. It is typical for winter temperatures to fall into the teens at night, but temperatures generally warm to above freezing during the day. Summer months are characterized as having cool to warm nights with very warm to hot temperatures during the day. The area receives a generous amount of rainfall of 43.8 inches per year, with February and April being the two driest months. Rainfall in the winter is lighter but more frequent, whereas rainfall in the summer is heavier but less frequent. Thunderstorms, both light and strong, are common in the spring and summer months. The sun shines 70 percent of the time in summer and 55 percent in winter. The prevailing wind is from the southwest, with the average highest windspeed of 9 miles per hour in spring.7 The City has a total area of 60 square miles (160 km2), of which, 0.02% is water. The elevation at the center of downtown is 706 ft above sea level.

Concord is located northeast of Charlotte (the largest city in North Carolina). Concord is the second largest city in the Charlotte Metropolitan Area. It is positioned about half-way between Charlotte and Salisbury. There are several other smaller cities and towns close to Concord, including Kannapolis, China Grove, Landis, Mt. Pleasant, Harrisburg, Midland, and Locust.

Government

Historic court house in Downtown

Concord has a council-manager form of government. The Mayor and city council are elected every two years, with no term limits. As a single body, the City Council holds most of the power in the city government. For example, they have the power to pass ordinances, make resolutions, adopt plans, and establish the budget for the city. The mayor is ex officio chairman of the city council, and only votes in case of a tie. In addition to leadership roles, the mayor represents the city at special events and public appearances. The council appoints a professional city manager to manage and implement the decisions of the city council. In general, the municipal government structure consist of the mayor, seven city council members, and the appointed city manager. The current mayor of Concord is J. Scott Padgett, and the current city manager is W. Brian Hiatt. Padgett was first elected as mayor in 2001 and has been re-elected since.8 Hiatt has served as Concord's City Manager since 1998.9

The Concord city government offers a variety of services to its citizens. Six are required by North Carolina General Statute - fire, police10 , solid waste, street maintenance, water, and wastewater. Additional services that the city offers are electrical distribution, parks and recreation, stormwater system, transportation (streets maintenance & planning), economic development, planning & zoning, community development programs, environmental protection, a transit system, and operation of a regional airport. The operating budget for fiscal year 2012 totals $207,724,003.11 The government generates its revenue from sources such as real property tax, sales tax distributions from the State, water & wastewater service fees, electrical utility fees, business privilege licenses, federal or state grants, investments, and other fees (such as parks & recreation, aviation, zoning, etc.).11 The revenues are distributed back to the community in the form of services.

Economy

Concord has a diverse economy comprising shipping and transportation, banking, manufacturing, motorsports, and various service sectors.

Demographics

The city had 11,497 of its 79,066 residents that lived and worked in the city with a daytime population change of +5,212

Employers

Concord has many small businesses but also has several large employers such as Carolinas Healthcare System, Cabarrus County Schools, Shoe Show, Inc., Celgard LLC, Connextions, Roush Fenway Racing, Sysco Foods, and S&D Coffee.

Motorsports

Concord is the home to Charlotte Motor Speedway, a NASCAR Research and Development Office (which also is the headquarters for research for touring and sportscar racing operations), and several professional race teams, including Hendrick Motorsports, Roush Fenway Racing, Richard Petty Motorsports, and Earnhardt Ganassi Racing. The speedway opened in 1959 by owner Bruton Smith, who is a native of Oakboro, NC. Smith's company, Speedway Motorsports, Inc. owns Charlotte Motor Speedway. In addition to Charlotte Motor Speedway, the company also owns and operates a dragstrip and dirt track facility adjacent to the speedway. Concord is also home to Windshear, Inc., a firm that owns a state-of-the-art wind tunnel facility used to test the aerodynamics of vehicles (mostly motorsports vehicles).12

History

Old Downtown hotel

Concord, North Carolina, located in the rapidly growing northeast quadrant of the Charlotte metropolitan area, was first settled in 1750. The name “Concord” means "with harmony". By United States standards, Concord is considered an old town, incorporated in 1806. Today, markers identifying the original town limits can be seen in the downtown area.

Concord boasts a comprehensive collection of late nineteenth and early twentieth century historic homes along the streets of Union St North, Union St South, and Edgewood Ave.13 Residents of the three Historic Districts (North Union, South Union, and Edgewood) take great pride in maintaining the historical and architectural greatness of their homes. Within the North Union Historic District is Memorial Garden. Located on 3 acres (12,000 m2), the garden winds through the 200-year-old cemetery of The First Presbyterian Church. Memorial Garden is a horticultural jewel and a tourist attraction in itself. The historic districts and Memorial Garden are all within easy walking distance of historic and vibrant downtown Concord, with numerous restaurants, banks, shops and personal services.

From the time of incorporation in the late 1700s through the 1970s, Concord's jurisdiction was centered around the downtown area. Since then, most annexations have taken place west of the center-city area towards Charlotte.14 Today, portions of the city limit boundary adjoin the Cabarrus/Mecklenburg County line.

Neighborhoods and recreation

In 2000, Concord's city council implemented the "Partnerships for Stronger Neighborhoods" program. This program is designed to enhance the lives of residents in the neighborhoods in the city, increasing the quality of both life and events for those calling Concord home. As part of the program, some city staff members have volunteered to be appointed as liaisons to work directly with neighborhoods that participate in the program. Through this effort, strong communication is established between city government and its citizens. There are currently 45 neighborhoods participating in the program, which contributes to making Concord one of the most sought-after communities for homebuyers in the regional real estate market. Choices are diverse, offering modest homes to multi-million dollar estates.

The City of Concord provides its neighborhoods with three recreational centers, eight parks, four sport complexes, an aquatics center featuring open swimming and swim lessons, beautiful Lake Fisher, with 3 miles (4.8 km) of lakefront and 534 acres (2.16 km2) providing for a leisurely boating and fishing, greenways and bike paths. There is also the championship 18-hole Rocky River Golf Club (a Dan Maples design) owned and operated by the City and managed by a contracted company.

Private recreational opportunities are available, including the West Cabarrus YMCA and the Sportscenter. The West Cabarrus YMCA opened in fall 2003. The Sportscenter is a privately owned athletic and recreational facility.

Commerce

Shopping is ample in the charming downtown, with merchants offering antiques, fine collectibles, and arts and crafts. Concord is also home to the large retail venues of Carolina Mall and Concord Mills, just minutes away from Charlotte Motor Speedway.

Transportation

Concord Regional Airport

Highways

  • I-85.svg Interstate 85 links Concord directly to Greensboro, Durham, and Petersburg/Richmond (to the north) and Charlotte, Spartanburg, Greenville, Atlanta and Montgomery (to the south). Interstate 85 is being widened to 8 lanes (4 northbound, 4 southbound) through the city, with construction advancing from south to north. Interstate 485 is located southwest of Concord and parallels the Cabarrus - Mecklenburg County line for several miles, providing access to the Charlotte area. Presently, Interstate 485 interchanges with Interstate 85 just south of the Mecklenburg County boundary. This interchange is currently being reconfigured into a stack interchange that will ultimately expedite freeway connections between Concord and northern Mecklenburg County.. US Hwy 29 and US Hwy 601 travel through Concord en route to other parts of the Carolinas. US Hwy 29 serves as an alternative to Interstate 85 for much of the distance between Charlotte and Greensboro.

Bus

The City of Concord has a local bus system, known as CKRider, that provides service to Concord and Kannapolis. The system also links to Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) via an express service as well as at regular service connection points. Greyhound also serves the area.

Rail

There is one railroad line that runs through Concord. It is owned by North Carolina Railroad. There are several industrial facilities served by this railroad line. There are no passenger stations located in Concord, but Amtrak has stations located in the adjacent cities of Kannapolis and Charlotte.

Air

Concord Regional Airport (JQF) is an airport publicly owned and operated by the City of Concord.15 It is designated as a reliever facility for Charlotte Douglas International Airport (CLT). The Charlotte/Douglas International Airport (CLT) provides Concord with a major domestic/international gateway. Concord Regional Airport aviation activity consist of charter aircraft, limited commercial flights, flight schools, and private aircraft. The types of aircraft using the facility range from Cessna 150, to Beech Bonanza, to Grumman Gulfstream IV, to Boeing 737-300.15

Demographics

Census 2010

According to the 2010 Census, Concord's population is 79,066.3 Of those persons claiming to be of one race, the racial breakdown is 70.4% white, 17.8% black or African American, 2.6% Asian, 0.3% native American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 6.4% of other races. Persons of two or more races is 2.3%. Persons belonging to the Hispanic or Latino race are 12.3%. There are 32,130 housing units in Concord. Of those housing units, 90.7% are occupied, and 9.3% are vacant. Additional detailed and summary data from the Census 2010 is not yet available.

Census 2000

Historic Cannon House

The census1 of 2000 determined there were 55,977 people, 20,962 households, and 14,987 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,085.3 people per square mile (419.0/km²). There were 22,485 housing units at an average density of 435.9 per square mile (168.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.83% White, 15.10% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.35% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.80% of the population.

In 2000, there were 20,962 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.

In 2000, the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

Also in 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $46,094, and the median income for a family was $53,571. Males had a median income of $37,030 versus $26,044 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,523. About 5.8% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Educational opportunities include public and private schools in elementary, secondary, and higher education. Publicly, the area in Concord is served by the Cabarrus County Schools system.16 There are 12 elementary schools in Concord, along with 4 middle schools, and 5 high schools. For higher education, residents may choose from Rowan–Cabarrus Community College, Cabarrus College of Health Sciences, Barber-Scotia College, and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte located a few miles southwest of Concord.

Private elementary & secondary schools in Concord:

Religion

The earliest settlers were mainly German Lutherans, German Reformed and Scotch or Scotch Irish Presbyterians who began settling in Cabarrus County in the 1750s. In 1773 the Zion (Organ) Church community and the St. Johns Church community of about sixty families commissioned two men, Christopher Rintelmann from Zion Church and Christopher Lyerly from St. Johns Church to travel to London to seek permission from King George III to acquire a preacher (and a schoolteacher) from Hanover, Germany. Adolphus Nussmann was chosen by the Consistory of Hanover to answer the call from North Carolina and became the first Lutheran preacher in North Carolina, serving five churches from Salisbury to Concord, and subsequently planted twenty congregations and five schools in the greater Concord, Cabarrus, and Rowan County areas.18

Today there is wide religious diversity, as well as strong overall religious affiliation rates. Over 63% of area residents are affiliated with a local religious body according to the 2000 Religion Report.19 Concord is home to many churches, and a Jewish congregation, Temple Or Olam.

Nearby Attractions

Night race at Charlotte Motor Speedway

Concord is home to seven notable attractions. Including two malls, a museum, a family resort, an amusement park, three sports venues, and an arena and events center that can be used for multiple purposes for the entire county.

Sister city

Notable people

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b Census 2010
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ NC State Demographer
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b U.S. Dept of Agriculture
  8. ^ Message from the Mayor
  9. ^ W. Brian Hiatt, City Manager
  10. ^ Police Chief
  11. ^ a b City of Concord Budget
  12. ^ Windshear
  13. ^ Historic District Handbook
  14. ^ City of Concord Planning Department
  15. ^ a b Concord Regional Airport Master Plan
  16. ^ Cabarrus County School System
  17. ^ "Maps & Directions". Covenant Classical School. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  18. ^ Foundations of Lutheranism in North Carolina, North Carolina Synod of the Lutheran Church in America, 1966
  19. ^ Association of Religious Data Archives
  20. ^ "Directions". Carolina Mall. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Contact Us". NASCAR SpeedPark. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 

Further reading

External links








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