Counterfeit United States currency

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Counterfeiting of the currency of the United States is widely attempted. According to the United States Department of Treasury, an estimated 70 million counterfeit dollars are believed to be in circulation, or approximately 1 note in counterfeits for every 10,000 in genuine currency, with an upper bound of 2.5 counterfeit per 10,000 genuine notes (or about $200 mio.)12

History

Shortly after the Civil War, it was estimated that one third to one half of the nation's currency was counterfeit. Due to this fact, counterfeit money posed a major threat to the economy and financial system in America.

In accordance, the Secret Service, founded in 1865, stated its primary task to be reducing counterfeit money in circulation. The current figure of American counterfeit bills is less than .01%.3

Several specific examples of groups counterfeiting United States currency have also been noted.

Operation Bernhard

During World War II Nazi Germany successfully produced high-quality counterfeits of American dollar and Bank of England pound notes although few ever were circulated thoroughly.

Superdollar

Superdollars, very high quality counterfeit one hundred-dollar bills, were some of the most widespread distributed counterfeit American dollar bills and were still being produced after 2007. The Congressional Research Service has conducted a study and concluded with an accusation that North Korea was responsible for their production, but Pyongyang denied any involvement with Superdollar.4

Peru 2001 CB-B2 series $100 bill incident

In 2005, Peruvian Banks ceased to accept $100 bills from the 2001 series CB-B2, due to a detection in a series of counterfeit bills in Peruvian circulation. The Peruvian media reported that the notes were so well made that they were "perfect fakes". The differences between them and genuine bills were reportedly minuscule and difficult to detect.5 According to Peruvian news reports, a printing plate from the Bureau of Engraving and Printing was stolen by a criminal, with possible links to al-Qaeda, and the plate was likely used to produce the counterfeit bills.6

Operation Gait $100 bills

Bills forged by Anatasios Arnaouti in the UK (2005).

Prevention

Upon collecting bills, the Federal Reserve checks all notes, destroying any whose appearance fails to fit that of a federal bill.

See also


References

  1. ^ "Press Release on Joint Report on Use and Counterfeiting of U.S. Currency Abroad". 2006-10-25. 
  2. ^ "7. Estimates of Counterfeiting", The Use and Counterfeiting of United States Currency Abroad, Part 3, US Department of Treasury, Sep 2006, p. 70 
  3. ^ "FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAN FRANCISCO: How much money in circulation is counterfeit?". October 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Congressional Research Service: North Korean Counterfeiting of U.S. Currency". 12 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Secret Service Trains Peruvians on Fake Bills (Update1)". Bloomberg. 12 April 2005. 
  6. ^ "Es imposible controlar la legitimidad del dólar". El Comercio. April 15, 2005. Archived from the original on May 28, 2007. 

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