Counties of Iran

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Counties of Iran (lines)
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Iran

The counties of Iran, also called shahrestan (Persian: شهرستان shahrestān‎), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan). The word Shahrestan comes from the Persian words shahr and stan, meaning city (or town) and province (or state) respectively. County, therefore, is a near equivalent of Shahrestan in English.

Iranian counties are divided into one or more bakhsh (Persian: بخش bakhsh‎), or districts. A typical county includes both cities (Persian: شهر shahr‎) and rural agglomerations (Persian: دهستان dehestān‎), which are groupings of adjacent villages. One city within the county serves as the capital of that county.

Each county has a governmental office known as Farmandari which coordinates different events and governmental agencies. The Farmandar, or the head of Farmandari, is the governor of the county and is the highest governmental authority in the division.

Among the provinces of Iran, Fars has the highest number of Shahrestans with 23, while Semnan and South Khorasan have only 4 Shahrestans each; Qom uniquely has one, being coextensive with its namesake county. In 2005, Iran had 324 Shahrestans.

Guide

To better understand these subdivisions, the following table is useful. Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district contains one or more cities and/or one or more RAs (rural agglomerations). In our example, the Central district contains City M, City N, and RA T, which is composed of the villages V1, V2, V3, and V4; district X contains City O and RA U; and district Y has no cities and one RA V. The minimal county consists of only one city as the only district, named Central, of course. The county B in the following table is of such type, containing only one city Q.

Ostan (Province) Shahrestan (County) District City / RA* Villages
P A Central City M (c)
City N
RA T V1, V2, V3, V4
X City O
RA U V5, V6
Y RA V V7, V8, V9
B Central City Q

The counties are listed below, by province:

Alborz Province

Ardabil Province

Bushehr Province

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

East Azerbaijan Province

Isfahan Province

Fars Province

Gilan Province

Golestan Province

Hamadan Province

Hormozgan Province

Ilam Province

Kerman Province

Kermanshah Province

Khuzestan Province

Kohgeluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province

Kordestan Province

Lorestan Province

Markazi Province

Mazandaran Province

North Khorasan Province

Qazvin Province

Qom Province

Razavi Khorasan Province

Semnan Province

Sistan and Baluchestan Province

South Khorasan Province

Tehran Province

West Azerbaijan Province

Yazd Province

Zanjan Province

See also

References








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