Crus (lower leg)
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|Crus (lower leg)|
Lateral aspect of right leg
Crus (Latin for 'leg',1 plural is "crura") is the portion of the body starting from the ankle and ending at the knee. It is sometimes known as the gaiter.citation needed The tibia and fibula are the two bones of the crus.
A crus fracture is a fracture of either or both of the tibia and fibula.
Fractures of only the tibia include:
- Bumper fracture - a fracture of the lateral tibial plateau caused by a forced valgus applied to the knee
- Segond fracture - an avulsion fracture of the lateral tibial condyle
- Gosselin fracture - a fractures of the tibial plafond into anterior and posterior fragments2
- Toddler's fracture - an undisplaced and spiral fracture of the distal third to distal half of the tibia3
Fractures of only the fibula include:
- Maisonneuve fracture - a spiral fracture of the proximal third of the fibula associated with a tear of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and the interosseous membrane.
- Le Fort fracture of ankle - a vertical fracture of the antero-medial part of the distal fibula with avulsion of the anterior tibiofibular ligament.4
- Bosworth fracture - a fracture with an associated fixed posterior dislocation of the proximal fibular fragment which becomes trapped behind the posterior tibial tubercle. The injury is caused by severe external rotation of the ankle.5
Combined tibia and fibula fractures include:
- Trimalleolar fracture - involving the lateral malleolus, medial malleolus and the distal posterior aspect of the tibia
- Bimalleolar fracture - involving the lateral malleolus and the medial malleolus.
- Pott's fracture
- "crus" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- Hunter, Tim B; Leonard F Peltier, Pamela J Lund (May 2000). "Musculoskeletal Eponyms: Who Are Those Guys?". RadioGraphics 20 (3): 819–836. PMID 10835130. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Mellick LB, Milker L, Egsieker E (October 1999). "Childhood accidental spiral tibial (CAST) fractures". Pediatr Emerg Care 15 (5): 307–9. doi:10.1097/00006565-199910000-00001. PMID 10532655.
- Tim B Hunter, Leonard F Peltier, Pamela J Lund (2000). "Musculoskeletal Eponyms: Who Are Those Guys?". RadioGraphics 20: 829. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
- Perry, CR; Rice S, Rao A, Burdge R. (Oct 1983). "Posterior fracture-dislocation of the distal part of the fibula. Mechanism and staging of injury.". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 65 (8): 1149–57. PMID 6630259. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
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