Déjà Vu (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young album)
|Studio album by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young|
|Released||March 11, 1970|
|Recorded||July - December, 1969 at Wally Heider's Studio C, San Francisco and Wally Heider's Studio III, Los Angeles|
|Genre||Rock, folk rock|
|Producer||Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young|
|Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young chronology|
Déjà Vu is the second album by Crosby, Stills & Nash, and their first in the quartet configuration of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. It was released in March of 1970 by Atlantic Records, catalogue SD-7200. It topped the pop album chart for one week and generated three Top 40 singles: "Woodstock", "Teach Your Children", and "Our House". In 2003, the album was placed on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.
Déjà Vu was greatly anticipated after the popularity of the first CSN album and given the addition of Young to the group, who at the time remained largely unknown to the general public. Stills estimates that the album took around 800 hours of studio time to record; this figure may be exaggerated, even though the individual tracks display meticulous attention to detail.4 The songs, except for "Woodstock", were recorded as individual sessions by each member, with each contributing whatever was needed that could be agreed upon. Young does not appear on all of the tracks, and drummer Dallas Taylor and bassist Greg Reeves are credited on the cover with their names in slightly smaller typeface. Jerry Garcia plays pedal steel on "Teach Your Children" and John Sebastian plays harmonica on the title track.
Four singles were released from the album with all but the last, "Carry On," charting on the Billboard Hot 100. The popularity of the album contributed to the success of the four albums released by each of the members in the wake of Déjà Vu — Neil Young's After the Gold Rush, Stephen Stills' self-titled solo debut, David Crosby's If I Could Only Remember My Name, and Graham Nash's Songs for Beginners.
In 2003, the album was placed at number 148 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.5 The same year, the TV network VH1 named Déjà Vu the 61st greatest album of all time. The album ranked at #14 for the Top 100 Albums of 1970 and #217 overall by Rate Your Music.
The album was reissued on compact disc on September 6, 1994 after being remastered from the original tapes at Ocean View Digital by Joe Gastwirt. In 1997 guitarist Fareed Haque covered the entire album in jazz form for the Blue Note Cover Series.
|1.||"Carry On"||Stephen Stills||4:26|
|2.||"Teach Your Children"||Graham Nash||2:53|
|3.||"Almost Cut My Hair"||David Crosby||4:31|
|1.||"Déjà Vu"||David Crosby||4:12|
|2.||"Our House"||Graham Nash||2:59|
|3.||"4 + 20"||Stephen Stills||2:04|
|4.||"Country Girl (Whiskey Boot Hill/Down Down Down/"Country Girl" (I Think You're Pretty)"||Neil Young||5:11|
|5.||"Everybody I Love You"||Stephen Stills, Neil Young||2:21|
- David Crosby — vocals, rhythm guitar
- Stephen Stills — vocals, lead guitars, guitars, bass, keyboards
- Graham Nash — vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboards
- Neil Young — vocals, lead and rhythm guitar, keyboards, harmonica on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Helpless," "Woodstock," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"
- Dallas Taylor — drums, percussion
- John Sebastian — harmonica on "Deja Vu"
- Greg Reeves — bass on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Helpless," "Woodstock," "Our House," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"
- Jerry Garcia — pedal steel guitar on "Teach Your Children"
- David Crosby, Stephen Stills, Graham Nash, Neil Young — producers
- Bill Halverson — engineer
- Gary Burden — art direction and design
- Henry Diltz, Tom Gundelfinger — photography
- Elliot Roberts — direction
- David Geffen — agent
- Joe Gastwirt — digital remastering
Album - Album Charts (UK)
Album - ARIA Charts (Australia)
|1970||Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart||1|
Singles - Billboard (North America)7
|1970||"Our House"||Pop Singles||30|
|1970||"Teach Your Children"||Pop Singles||16|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)10||Gold||25,000x|
|United States (RIAA)11||7× Platinum||7,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- Eder, Bruce. Déjà Vu (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young album) at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
- Winner, Langdon (April 30, 1970). "Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young Deja Vu > Album Review". Rolling Stone (57). Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2008.
- Christgau, Robert. "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Consumer Guide Reviews". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 31 March 2006.
- Zimmer, Dave, and Diltz, Henry. Crosby, Stills & Nash: The Authorized Biography. 1984, ISBN 0-312-17660-0, p. 115.
- Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) . "148 | Déjà Vu - Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2006.
- Déjà Vu - Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
- Déjà Vu - Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
- "French album certifications – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Déjà Vu" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; 'Deja Vu')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; 'Déjà vu')". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "American album certifications – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Deja Vu". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 1 October 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
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