|Body and chassis|
The Dacia Logan is a small family car produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2004. It is currently at its second generation and has been manufactured at Dacia's automobile plant in Mioveni, Romania, and at Renault's plants in Morocco, Brazil, Turkey, Russia, Colombia, Iran, India and South Africa.
It has also been marketed as the Renault Logan, Nissan Aprio, Mahindra Verito, Renault Tondar 90, Lada Largus (the MCV), Nissan NP200 (the pick-up) or Renault Symbol (the second generation), depending on the existing presence or positioning of the Renault brand.
- 1 Logan I (2004–2008)
- 2 Logan II (2012–present)
- 3 Concept cars and projects
- 4 Notes
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
|Also called||Renault Logan
Renault Tondar 90
São José dos Pinhais, Brazil (Renault Brazil)
Envigado, Colombia (Sofasa)
Nashik, India (Mahindra)
Tehran, Iran (Pars Khodro, IKCO)
Casablanca, Morocco (Somaca)
Moscow, Russia (Avtoframos)
Tolyatti, Russia (Lada)nb 1
Pretoria, South Africa (Nissan)nb 2
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan
4-door notchbacknb 3
5-door station wagon
5-door panel van
2-door coupé utility (pick-up)
|Platform||Dacia B0 platform|
Renault Clio II
Renault Clio III
Nissan Tiida I
Nissan Micra III
|Engine||1.0 L I4 (flex-fuel)
1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.2 L I4 (flex-fuel)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (flex-fuel)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (flex-fuel)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
4-speed automaticnb 4
|Wheelbase||2,630 mm (103.5 in) (sedan)
2,905 mm (114.4 in) (station wagon & pick-up)
2,900 mm (114.2 in) (panel van)
|Length||4,288 mm (168.8 in) (sedan)
3,991 mm (157.1 in) (notchback)7
4,473 mm (176.1 in) (station wagon)
4,450 mm (175.2 in) (panel van)
4,496 mm (177.0 in) (pick-up)
|Width||1,740 mm (68.5 in) (sedan, station wagon & panel van)
1,735 mm (68.3 in) (pick-up)
|Height||1,534 mm (60.4 in) (sedan)
1,540 mm (60.6 in) (notchback)7
1,640 mm (64.6 in) & 1,674 mm (65.9 in) (station wagon & panel van)
1,554 mm (61.2 in) (pick-up)
|Curb weight||1,090–1,360 kg (2,400–3,000 lb)|
Designed at Renault's Technocentre near Paris, the Logan was the result of four years of development of the project X90, announced by Renault in 1999, after the buyout of Dacia in 1998.8
During a visit to Russia by French President Jacques Chirac, Louis Schweitzer noted that at Lada and Renault dealerships the €6,000 Ladas were selling very well while the €12,000 Renaults stayed in the showroom. "Seeing those antiquated cars, I found it unacceptable that technical progress should stop you making a good car for €6,000." (He later revised this target to €5,000). "I also drew up a list of specifications in three words – modern, reliable and affordable – and added that everything else was negotiable."citation needed The cheapest version of the car is €5,900, and the price can reach €11,200, depending on equipment and customs duty. (The base model for Western Europe, where it is badged as a Dacia but generally sold in Renault dealerships, is somewhat more expensive).
The Logan was designed from the outset as an affordable car, and has many simplified features to keep costs down. It replaces many older cars in production, including the Romanian Dacia 1310 series of Renault 12-based cars.
It was officially launched in June 2004,9 and began marketing in September 2004.10 Renault originally had no plans to sell the Logan in Western Europe, but in June 2005, began importing a more expensive version of the car, starting at around €7,500.11 It was an unexpected success with people wanting an inexpensive, no-frills car they could repair themselves.citation needed
The Logan was launched in India in April 2007, as a collaboration with Mahindra, who helped Renault cut costs by 15%.12 India was the first right-hand drive market for the Logan. It was almost an instant success with impressive sales in the first few months.13not in citation given Since then Mahindra and Renault have parted ways, but the Logan continues to be sold by Mahindra, with technical support from Renault. Its awkward styling has resulted in lower than expected sales. The company has later introduced the name Verito to the car, which since then only had Mahindra badges.14
On 1 July 2008, almost four years after the release of the first Logan, a facelifted version called the Dacia New Logan was announced.15 The new version features a more modern design and a more attractive and more comfortable interior.16
The Logan is based on the B0 platform used for the Renault Clio II and for other Renault and Nissan models.17 It has 50% fewer parts than a high-end Renault vehicle and has a limited number of electronic devices. This makes the car cheaper to produce and easier and cheaper to repair.
Some parts are also much simpler than those of its competitors. For example, rear-view mirrors are symmetrical and can be used on either side of the car, the windshield is flatter than usual, and the dashboard is a single injection-molded piece.
The developers have taken into account several differences between road and climate conditions in developed and developing countries. The Logan suspension is soft and strong, and the chassis sits visibly higher than most other compact cars to help it negotiate dirt roads and potholes on ill-maintained asphalt roads. The engine is specially prepared to handle lower quality fuel, whereas the air conditioning is powerful enough to lower the temperature several degrees (temperatures above 40 °C are common in the Middle East and the Mediterranean Sea).
In Romania, it was initially available with four trim levels: Ambiance, Preference, Laureate and Ambition. The basic level Ambiance featured driver airbag, body-colored bumpers, wheel trims and central locking. The second level Preference added passenger airbag, power steering, electric front windows, radio, two rear seat head restraints and remote locking. The third level Laureate added front fog lights, air conditioning, trip computer, electric mirrors, three rear seat head restraints and a multi-adjustable driver seat.18 The top level Ambition also had ABS, electric rear windows, CD player and alloy wheels. The 1.6-litre gasoline engine was available only on the Preference level and above.19 In September 2005, the 1.5-litre diesel engine was introduced,20 initially not being available on the Ambition level. In January 2006, a new intermediate trim level called Laureate Plus was added, which in addition to the Laureate level featured ABS, electric rear windows and CD player. Also, the diesel engine became available for the Ambition level.21
In September 2006, several improvements were introduced to the range, such as a new button for the trunk-lid, a new knob for the gear lever, crystal rear lamps, as well as new designs for the wheel trims and the alloy wheels and three new paint colors.22 Also, the new top of the range level Prestige was introduced, which featured larger door mirrors, body-colored bumpers (entirely), side moldings and door handles, leather-trimmed gear lever and steering wheel, as well as other interior refinements. It was only available with a new 1.6-litre 16-valve gasoline engine, which developed 105 hp (78 kW).23
In July 2007, a more powerful version of the 1.5-litre diesel engine was added, developing 85 hp (63 kW). It was initially made available only for the station wagon, on the Preference and Laureate levels,24 and in September 2007, it also became available for the sedan version, on the Laureate, Ambition and Prestige levels.25
In June 2009, the new 1.2-litre 16-valve petrol engine was added for both the Logan and the Sandero. The engine was capable of developing a maximum power of 75 hp (56 kW) and 107 N·m (79 lb·ft) of torque.26
Depending on the equipment level, standard on some variants and optional on others, the facelifted Logan comes with driver, passenger and side airbags.28 In terms of active safety, all versions feature the latest generation Bosch 8.1 ABS, which incorporates EBD (electronic brakeforce distribution) and EBA (emergency brake assist).
|Name2930||Code||Capacity||Type||Power||Torque||Top speed||Combined consumption|
|1.0 16v||D4D Hi-Flex||999 cc||16 valves DOHC||57 kW (77 PS) at 5850 rpm||99 N·m (73 lb·ft) at 4350 rpm||160 km/h (99 mph)||(gas/ethanol)|
|1.2 16v||D4F 732||1,149 cc||16 valves DOHC||55 kW (75 PS) at 5500 rpm||107 N·m (79 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm||161 km/h (100 mph)||5.9 L/100 km (48 mpg-imp; 40 mpg-US)|
|1.4 8v||K7J 710||1,390 cc||8 valves SOHC||55 kW (75 PS) at 5500 rpm||112 N·m (83 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||162 km/h (101 mph)||6.9 L/100 km (41 mpg-imp; 34 mpg-US)|
|1.6 8v||K7M 710||1,598 cc||8 valves SOHC||64 kW (87 PS) at 5500 rpm||128 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||175 km/h (109 mph)||7.3 L/100 km (39 mpg-imp; 32 mpg-US)|
|1.6 8v||K7M Hi-Torque||1,598 cc||8 valves SOHC||70 kW (95 PS) at 5250 rpm||138 N·m (102 lb·ft) at 2850 rpm||175 km/h (109 mph)||(gas/ethanol)|
|1.6 16v||K4M 690||1,598 cc||16 valves DOHC||77 kW (105 PS) at 5750 rpm||148 N·m (109 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm||183 km/h (114 mph)||7.1 L/100 km (40 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US)|
|1.6 16v||K4M Hi-Flex||1,598 cc||16 valves DOHC||82 kW (111 PS) at 5750 rpm||152 N·m (112 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm||185 km/h (115 mph)||(gas/ethanol)|
|1.5 dCi||K9K 792||1,461 cc||8 valves SOHC||50 kW (68 PS) at 4000 rpm||160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 1700 rpm||158 km/h (98 mph)||4.9 L/100 km (58 mpg-imp; 48 mpg-US)|
|1.5 dCi||K9K 796||1,461 cc||8 valves SOHC||63 kW (86 PS) at 3750 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1900 rpm||167 km/h (104 mph)||4.6 L/100 km (61 mpg-imp; 51 mpg-US)|
The Logan, vital to increasing sales of the Renault group to the 4 million mark by 2010, is manufactured in nine production and operational assembly centres: Romania, the pilot plant of the Logan Programme, Russia (Avtoframos), Morocco (Somaca), Colombia (Sofasa), Iran (two assembly plants), India (Mahindra), Brazil (Renault),33 and South Africa (Nissan).2 Located in Romania, near the Mioveni plant, the International Logistics Network, the official name of the CKD centre, is the biggest logistic centre of its kind not only in the Renault Group but in the entire world automotive industry.8
In markets where Renault has a presence, such as European, African and Asian countries (i.e. Romania, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Serbia, Czech Republic, Croatia, Slovenia, Morocco, Turkey and many others) it is sold as the Dacia Logan.34 Exceptions are South Africa, Argentina, Russia, Ukraine,nb 5 Colombia, Ecuador, Israel, Egypt, Brazil, Chile, Perú and Venezuela where it is marketed as the Renault Logan, and furthermore Mexico, where the Logan was sold as the Nissan Aprio, given the better reputation of the Japanese brand in the Mexican market.nb 6 The Nissan Aprio had a 1.6-litre 16 valve inline-four engine with a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission,36 and was assembled in Brazil.37 It was later discontinued from that market in August 2010, due to decreasing sales, and the Versa replaced it for the 2012 model year.38
In Brazil, it was manufactured by Renault at the São José dos Pinhais factory since 2007, with the facelifted model being introduced in 2010.39 In South Africa, only the pick-up version was manufactured, at the Nissan factory in Rosslyn,nb 6 starting from 2009.2
In India, the Logan was marketed as the Mahindra Renault Logan.40 In 2005, Renault partnered the Indian utility and commercial vehicles manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra Limited (M&M). Launched in 2007, Logan could not make the markclarification needed in the Indian market, selling just over 44,000 vehicles since then, and over 2,600 vehicles in Nepal and South Africa (M&M also held the licence to sell the Logan in India, Nepal and South Africa).4142 In April 2010, it was announced that the M&M had bought out Renault's 49% in the Mahindra Renault joint venture. The new agreement gave M&M more flexibility in engineering the car to suit the needs of the Indian consumer. The Logan was marketed with the Mahindra-Renault logo until the end of March 2011. Following the dissolution of the Indian joint venture between Renault India and M&M in 2010, Mahindra retained the rights to produce and sell the Logan under its own name of Mahindra Verito, with minor alterations to the front, but retaining Renault petrol and diesel engines.4344 On 26 July 2012, a facelifted version of the car was revealed by Mahindra in New Delhi,45 and on 5 June 2013, a notchback version was launched in Mumbai, called the Verito Vibe.46
In 2007, the Logan branded as Renault Tondar 90 began to be marketed in Iran by Renault-Pars,47 manufactured by Pars Khodro and Iran Khodro.48 In the first month of production more than 100,000 Tondar 90 had been ordered.49 Renault Pars is a joint venture, 51 percent of which belongs to Renault of France. Forty-nine percent of Renault Pars' shares is jointly held by Iran's Industrial Development and Renovation Organization, IKCO and Saipa Group. The company was established in 2003.50
In the United States, an attempt at marketing electric versions of the wagon, the van and the pick-up as the EMC E36 was launched by the EnVision Motor Company, based in Des Moines, Iowa.51 They were to be powered by an asynchronous motor with a range of 200 mi (320 km) per charge, that has a top highway speed as high as 75 mph (121 km/h). EMC planned to use regenerative breaking and is coupled to an automatic shiftless button transmission. The battery can be charged through a J1772 plug or from wall outlets of either 110 or 220 volts. This venture has since collapsed into bankruptcy.52
Logan production began with a 4-door sedan, followed by a wagon in September 2006. Four other models, a pick-up truck, a panel van, a related hatchback (the Sandero) and a facelifted sedan followed in 2007 and 2008. Dacia sales for 2006 were over €1.5 billion, 19.6% more than in 2005. Annual production has reached almost 250,000 cars, half for exports. As of March 2009, more than 1.3 million vehicles on the Logan platform have been sold worldwide.53 On 3 September 2009, it was announced that one million Dacia cars on the Logan platform X90 have been produced at the Mioveni plant: 576,887 Logans, 246,869 Logan MCVs, 144,931 Sanderos and Stepways, 19,897 Logan VANs and 11,416 Logan Pick-Ups.54
One of the reasons for the increase in sales is the dependability of Dacia cars. In a recent survey conducted by a French magazine, Dacia cars were voted one of the safest cars in France. Another reason is their low maintenance and repair costs. According to the survey, Dacia cars were the cheapest to maintain and repair.55 In Germany, Dacia was placed on the second position in the 2010 Vehicle Ownership Satisfaction Study released by J. D. Power and Associates in June 2010.56
The Logan MCV (Multi Convivial Vehicle), launched at the 2006 Paris Motor Show, is the station wagon version of the Logan.57 It has five or seven seat versions, with a luggage space between 200 and 2,350 litres depending on how many seats are folded, and numerous storage spaces for smaller objects. It has a wheelbase longer by 275 mm (10.8 in) than the sedan, and larger rear doors for easy access to the third row of seats.58 It uses the same engines as the sedan,57 and an important improvement was the availability of side airbags.59 It has been considered a competitor for compact MPVs, for its dimensions and the seven-seat capacity.60
Sales on the Romanian market began in October 2006 with prices ranging between €8,200 and €12,550,61 while sales to other countries began in early 2007. A revised version, with the new lights and bumper from the New Logan saloon, was released in late 2008. As of June 2010, Dacia produced 300,000 Logan MCVs.62 Production ended in November 2012, being replaced by the Lodgy.63
Since 2012, it is also produced in Russia, by the AvtoVAZ company, under the Lada Largus brand name,1 after it was previously exhibited at the 2010 Moscow International Motor Show as the Lada Project R90.64
The panel van variant of the Logan was launched on 23 January 2007, in Bucharest.65 It is a small business oriented vehicle, with 2,500 litre loading space and 800 kg payload. The Logan VAN is more or less an MCV without the rear side windows and therefore has the same safety features and uses the same engines as the other models (except the 1.6 16v engine). Production of this model was stopped in August 2012. Since its launch, over 53,000 units were manufactured.66
The coupé utility version of the Logan, also based on the MCV, was introduced on 10 September 2007 (4 October 2007 at the Bucharest International Motor Show),67 and replaced the Dacia Pick-Up. Sales began in Romania in 2008, with the price ranging between €7,300 and €9,450.
Starting October 2008, the Logan Pick-Up is sold in South Africa as Nissan NP200. Visually similar to the original model at launch,68 it received a mildly facelift in early-2009.69 It is being built at the Nissan plant near Pretoria, alongside the Renault Sandero. As of 2014, Nissan continues to manufacture the pickup.
|Also called||Renault Symbol
Casablanca, Morocco (Somaca)
Bursa, Turkey (Oyak-Renault)
São José dos Pinhais, Brazil (Renault Brazil)
|Designer||Renault Design Central Europe|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
|Platform||Dacia M0 platform72|
|Related||Dacia Sandero II|
|Engine||0.9 L I3 turbo (gasoline)
1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.2 L I4 (gasoline/LPG)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,634 mm (103.7 in)|
|Length||4,346 mm (171.1 in) (sedan)
4,492 mm (176.9 in) (station wagon)
|Width||1,733 mm (68.2 in)|
|Height||1,517 mm (59.7 in) (sedan)
1,550 mm (61.0 in) (station wagon)
|Curb weight||1,049–1,268 kg (2,313–2,795 lb)|
The second generation Logan was revealed by Dacia at the 2012 Paris Motor Show. Official photos with the new Logan were released on 17 September 2012.73 It shares the same front end design with the second generation Sandero, also revealed at the motor show, as well as other elements too.74
Sales in Romania began in November 2012, with a starting price of €6,690.75 It is manufactured in Mioveni, Romania, and in Casablanca, Morocco, at the Somaca factory, for the North African market.74 There will be no seven-seat or panel van versions of the second generation Logan, as they have been replaced by the Lodgy and the Dokker respectively.73 The sedan version was also launched in South America, as the second generation Renault Logan, in December 2013,76 after being revealed at the Buenos Aires Motor Show in June 2013.77 It is manufactured at the Renault Brazil factory in São José dos Pinhais (near Curitiba).76
The third generation Renault Symbol is a rebadged version of the second generation Logan.78 It was revealed at the 2012 Istanbul Motor Show,79 and is manufactured in Bursa, Turkey.80 It went on sale on the Turkish market at the beginning of 2013, also being released in Algeria and Tunisia.79
Among the new features introduced with the new model is a new three-cylinder turbocharged 0.9-liter engine, capable of developing 90 hp (67 kW) and 135 N·m (100 lb·ft). The other two engine options are a 1.2-liter petrol engine, available also as an LPG variant, and a 1.5-liter diesel engine, available with two power outputs.74 Their performance figures are predominantly similar to the ones of the second generation Sandero (see here).81
Another addition is the Media Nav system, already introduced earlier in the same year on the Lodgy, consisting of a 7-inch touchscreen display with multimedia functions and a navigation software included. Other new features are speed limiter, cruise control, rear parking sensors, and front and side airbags, as well as ABS and ESP, as standard.74 The interior has been significantly revised, with new chromed elements added, and the hood is now supported with a strut. A new Eco button, placed on the dashboard, limits the engine revs to 4,000 rpm.82
The new Logan is available in three different trim levels: Access, Ambiance and Laureate. The Access level comes with black bumpers and power steering, and is available only with the 1.2-liter engine. Ambiance has body-colored bumpers, wheel covers, Eco mode function, power lock doors, front power windows or CD player, and as options there are metallic paint, fog lights and air conditioning. Laureate adds body-colored door handles, fog lights as standard and trip computer, and additionally can be ordered with metallic paint, Media Nav system, leather upholstery, parking sensors, cruise control or alloy wheels. This is the only equipment level available for the 90 hp (67 kW) version of the 1.5-liter diesel engine.81
The station wagon version of the car made its debut at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. The car will keep the MCV name, although it now stands for Maximum Capacity Vehicle, rather than the previous Multi Convivial Vehicle.
It has five seats and a luggage capacity between 573 litres (20.2 cu ft) and 1,518 litres (53.6 cu ft),83 featuring the same standard equipment and engine range as the sedan.84 It is scheduled to be marketed starting from the second half of 2013.85
In 2006, a station wagon concept car, the Dacia Logan Steppe was presented at the Salon International de l'Auto in Geneva. The car was built by noted concept car builders DC Design in India as a forerunner of the Logan MCV.
Since 2007, there is a dedicated class in the Romanian Rally Championship, called Cupa Dacia,88 for Group N adapted Logans. It is a class competed especially by rookies, in the beginning of their careers.89 The cars used are 1.6 MPI versions.90
- Only the station wagon, rebadged as the Lada Largus.1
- Only the pick-up version, rebadged as the Nissan NP200.2
- Available in India only, marketed as the Mahindra Verito Vibe.3
- Available in certain markets only, such as Brazil, Mexico and Russia.456
- In Ukraine, it was marketed under the Dacia marque until September 2009.35
- Nissan is the partner of Renault in the Renault–Nissan Alliance.
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- "Dacia Logan MCV revealed". What Car?. 5 March 2013.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dacia Logan.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renault Logan.|
- James Ruppert. Not for U.S. Sale: 2005 Dacia Logan. AutoWeek, 31 January 2005.
- Gail Edmondson and Constance Faivre. Got 5,000 Euros? Need A New Car?. BusinessWeek, 4 July 2005.
- Molly Moor. France's Renault Takes a Detour. The Washington Post, 26 January 2006.
- Autoevolution. DACIA Logan MCV 1.5 dCI (85 hp) road test, review, test drive. 1 April 2009.
|Automobile Dacia, a subsidiary of Renault Group since 1999, car timeline, 1960s–present|
|City car||500 Lăstun|
|Supermini||Nova||SupeRNova||Solenza||Sandero I||Sandero II|
|Small family car||1100||1310||Logan I||Logan II|
|Large family car||1300|
|Compact MPV||Logan MCV||Lodgy|
|Pick-up||1302||1304/1305 Pick-Up||Logan Pick-Up|
|Van||Estafette||Logan Van||Dokker Van|