Danish steam frigate Jylland
Jylland in the museum dedicated to it, Ebeltoft, Denmark 2005.
|Builder:||Naval Dock Yard, Copenhagen|
|Laid down:||June 11, 1857|
|Launched:||November 20, 1860|
|Commissioned:||May 15, 1862|
|Status:||Naval memorial at Ebeltoft, Denmark|
|Notes:||Designed by Dock Master O. F. Suenson|
|Class & type:||screw-propelled steam frigate|
|Tons burthen:||2456 tons|
|Length:||71 m (233 ft)|
|Beam:||13.5 m (44 ft)|
|Draft:||6 m (20 ft)|
|Propulsion:||1,300 hp (970 kW) Baumgarten & Burmeister steam engine
1-shaft with a folding helix
|Sail plan:||square-rigged ship|
|Speed:||11 kn (20 km/h) on steam
12 kn (22 km/h) on sail
Jylland is the world's last screw-propelled steam frigate. During the Second War of Schleswig in 1864, it participated in the naval action against the Austrian-Prussian fleet in the Battle of Heligoland on 9 May 1864. Jylland along with the Niels Juel and Heimdall bested two Austrian frigates and 3 small Prussian gun boats, but were unable to maintain the blockade of the Prussian North Sea ports. Jylland sustained considerable damage during the battle.
In the 1890s the ship was reduced to stationary use and barely escaped scrapping in 1908. It was, however, decided to preserve her and she was towed to Ebeltoft in 1960. The hulked frigate further deteriorated until she was placed in dry dock in 1984. Restoration proved to be a major task; over 60% of the timber had to be replaced in addition to the rigging, armament, engines and loose gear.
In Danish, the ship is known as simply Fregatten Jylland, although several ships have used this name. The restoration efforts were completed in 1994 and the ship is currently on display in the town of Ebeltoft, Denmark. It is advertised as one of the world's largest wooden ships.1
Brouwer, Norman J. The International Register of Historic Ships. 3rd ed. London: Chatham Publishing, 1999.
Robert J Gardiner (ed.). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1979.
- Many photos and a brief story of the ship
- Danish Naval History: JYLLAND (1862–1908)
- Visit to Jylland in August 2011 Many high resolution photos