|Full name||Dara Grace Torres|
April 15, 1967 |
Beverly Hills, California
|Height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Weight||150 lb (68 kg)|
|Club||Culver City Swim Club|
|College team||University of Florida|
Dara Grace Torres (born April 15, 1967) is an American former competition swimmer and world record-holder who is a twelve-time Olympic medalist. Torres is the first and only swimmer from the United States to compete in five Olympic Games (1984, 1988, 1992, 2000 and 2008), and, at age 41, is the oldest swimmer ever to earn a place on the U.S. Olympic team. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, she competed in the 50-meter freestyle, 4×100-meter medley relay, and 4×100-meter freestyle relay, and won silver medals in all three events.2
Torres has won twelve Olympic medals (four gold, four silver, four bronze), one of three women with the most Olympic women's swimming medals. She won five medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics when, at age 33, she was the oldest member of the 2000 U.S. Olympic Swim Team. She has also won at least one medal in each of the five Olympics in which she has competed, making her one of only a handful of Olympians to earn medals in five different Games.3
On August 1, 2007, at age 40 (just 15 months after giving birth to her first child), she won gold in the 100-meter freestyle at the U.S. Nationals in Indianapolis, her fourteenth national championship. On August 4, she broke her own American record in the 50-meter freestyle, 25 years after she first set the American record at just 15 years old.
- 1 Early years
- 2 College career
- 3 Olympic career
- 4 Personal life
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 External links
Torres was born in Beverly Hills, California, the daughter of Edward Torres, a casino owner, and former model Marylu Kauder.45 She grew up in Los Angeles, California, the fifth of six children and the older of two girls. At age 7, Torres started following her brothers to swim practice at the local Y.M.C.A. and later joined the Culver City swim team.
She attended the Westlake School for Girls (now Harvard-Westlake School), and swam for the Westlake swim team under coach Darlene Bible, where she set California Interscholastic Federation records that remain to this day. As a teenager in the 1980s, she swam for the Mission Viejo Nadadores, in Mission Viejo, California, under coach Mark Schubert, the 2008 Olympic swimming coach.
Torres accepted an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida, where she swam for the Florida Gators swimming and diving team in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition under coach Randy Reese from 1986 to 1989.6 In her four years as a Gator swimmer, Torres won nine Southeastern Conference (SEC) individual championships, including the 50-meter freestyle (1987, 1988, 1989), 100-meter freestyle (1987, 1988, 1989), 200-meter freestyle (1987), and 100-meter butterfly (1988, 1989); she was also a member of twelve of the Gators' SEC championship relay teams.6 Torres won three NCAA individual national championships (50-meter freestyle, 100-meter freestyle, 100-meter butterfly) in 1988; and was a member of six of the Gators' NCAA championship relay teams, including the 400-meter freestyle relay in 1986; the 200-meter medley relay, 400-meter medley relay and 400-meter freestyle relay in 1988; and the 200-meter medley relay and 400-meter medley relay in 1989.6 She was named the SEC Athlete of the Year in 1988, SEC Female Swimmer of the Year in 1987 and 1989, and earned twenty-eight All-American swimming honors—the maximum number possible during a college career.67 Torres also lettered in volleyball at Florida, playing the sport in her fifth and final year of athletic eligibility after having exhausted her eligibility in swimming.8
Torres graduated from Florida with a bachelor's degree in telecommunications in 1990, and was inducted into the University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame as a "Gator Great" in 1999.910 In November 2013, she was named as a recipient of the 2014 NCAA Silver Anniversary Award, presented annually to six distinguished former student-athletes on the 25th anniversary of their final school year of athletic eligibility.8
At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, Torres was a member of the winning U.S. women's 4×100-meter freestyle relay team, earning a gold medal for swimming in the first-round qualifying heat as well the event final. Her winning teammates in the final event included Nancy Hogshead, Jenna Johnson and Carrie Steinseifer; Jill Sterkel and Mary Wayte also swam in the event's second-round qualifying heat.
For the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, Torres qualified for the U.S. Olympic women's team in one individual event and two relay events. Torres earned a bronze medal for swimming for the third-place U.S. women's team in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay final together with Mitzi Kremer, Laura Walker and Mary Wayte; and won a silver medal for swimming the freestyle leg of the 4×100-meter medley relay in the third heat of the qualifying round for the second-place U.S. team. Torres also placed seventh in the final of the 100-meter freestyle event.
Torres qualified for the U.S. Olympic women's team in a single event for the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.11 She swam the second leg of the 4×100-meter freestyle relay for the winning U.S. team that included Nicole Haislett, Angel Martino and Jenny Thompson, and earned a gold medal for her efforts in the final event and first-round qualifying heat.11
Torres won five medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, but, as usual, saved her best for two of the major relay events of the U.S. Olympic women's team.12 She swam the second leg for the winning U.S. women's team in final of the 4×100-meter freestyle relay that included Amy Van Dyken, Courtney Shealy and Jenny Thompson.12 Torres won a second gold medal for anchoring the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay, together with teammates B.J. Bedford, Megan Quann and Jenny Thompson in the final.12 Torres also earned individual bronze medals in each of the 50-meter freestyle, the 100-meter butterfly and the 100-meter freestyle—tying teammate Jenny Thompson for third place in the last event.12 At 33 years old, Torres was already the oldest member of the U.S. Olympic swim team, but won more medals (5) than any other team member.
At the 2008 United States Olympic Trials, Torres returned to the pool and qualified for a spot in her fifth Olympic Games at the age of 41, unprecedented for an American female swimmer. She became the first woman in history to swim in the Olympics past the age of 40.citation needed Her Olympic career spans twenty-four years and five Olympic Games, having sat out the 1996 and 2004 Olympic games.
At the trials, she qualified for the event finals in the 50-meter freestyle and broke the American record with a time of 24.38 seconds in the semi-final. In the 50-meter finals, she broke that record for the ninth time, setting it at 24.25 seconds and winning the top American women's spot in the event. On July 7, Torres pulled out of 100-meter freestyle event to focus her efforts on the 50-meter freestyle. On July 30, at the U.S. swim team's final training in Singapore, Torres, Amanda Beard and Natalie Coughlin were elected captains of the U.S. Olympic women's swimming team.13
In order to pre-empt any speculation that she might be taking performance-enhancing drugs, Torres volunteered for an enhanced drug-testing program. According to her, when people asked if she were using performance-enhancing drugs, she accepted it as a compliment.14 Torres uses resistance stretching with trainers Anne Tierney and Steve Sierra from Innovative Body Solutions, calling this training her "secret weapon" for continued success.15
At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Torres won a silver medal as the anchor swimmer of the second-place U.S. team in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay. It was the fifth time in five tries she earned an Olympic medal in the 4x100-meter freestyle relay.
On August 17, 2008, at the age of 41 years and 125 days, she won the silver medal in the women's 50-meter freestyle, finishing in a new American record time of 24.07 seconds, one one-hundredth (0.01) of a second behind the winner, Britta Steffen. Thirty-five minutes later, she won another silver medal as part of the U.S. 4×100-meter medley relay team. Torres' split on the 4×100 medley relay (52.27) was the fastest 100-meter freestyle split in relay history. The American record for the women's 100-meter freestyle as an individual event was 53.39 seconds as of August 2008, making Torres' time more than a full second faster—fast even for a relay split.
Torres' twelve Olympic medals tied the all-time medal record for a female Olympic swimmer set by fellow American Jenny Thompson in 2004; American Natalie Coughlin subsequently equaled the record in 2012.16
At the U.S. National Championships, Torres won the 50-meter freestyle and placed in the 50-meter butterfly to qualify to swim at the 2009 World Championships in Rome. This was the first time since 1986 that Torres competed in the World Championships; she placed eighth in the 50-meter freestyle and she did not advance beyond the qualifying heats in the 50-meter butterfly.
Following reconstructive surgery of one of her knees, Torres stated in September 2010 that she had begun training with the goal of competing in the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.17 At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials, she placed fourth in the finals of the 50-meter freestyle, thirty-two one-hundredths (0.32) of a second behind the winner, Jessica Hardy, and nine one-hundredths (0.09) of a second behind the second qualifier, Kara Lynn Joyce.18 Only the top two finishers in each event qualified for the 2012 U.S. Olympic Team, and as a result, Torres concluded her Olympic career.18
Torres has worked in television as a reporter and announcer for American networks NBC, ESPN, TNT, OLN and Fox News Channel. She now hosts the golf show The Clubhouse, on the Resort Sports Network. Occasionally she is a model, having appeared in the Sports Illustrated 1994 Swimsuit Issue. In 2005, she was elected to the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame.
In the mid-1990s, she married and subsequently divorced sports producer Jeff Gowen. She was later married to Israeli-born surgeon Itzhak Shasha. Torres converted to Judaism before the marriage (her own father had been Jewish).19
Torres and her reproductive endocrinologist, David Hoffman began dating. Though they are no longer dating, they are the parents of Tessa Grace Torres-Hoffman, born in April 2006. Torres and Hoffman remain close friends.20
BP Products North America engaged Torres in 2009 to be part of its "Team Invigorate" advertising campaign to inspire others to live "younger for longer."21 She is the author of the inspirational memoir, Age is Just a Number, published in April 2009, and Gold Medal Fitness, published in May 2010.
In December 2009, The New York Times reported that a sports medicine doctor, Anthony Galea, with whom Torres had previously consulted, was under investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation for allegedly distributing human growth hormone and the drug Actovegin to professional athletes. Torres said that Dr. Galea's work was limited to draining fluid from her knee and diagnosing a muscle tear.22
- Bill Boomer, swimming coach
- List of notable Jewish swimmers
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists in one event
- List of multiple Olympic medalists in one event
- List of Olympic medalists in swimming (women)
- List of United States records in swimming
- List of University of Florida alumni
- List of University of Florida Olympians
- List of World Aquatics Championships medalists in swimming (women)
- World record progression 50 metres freestyle
- World record progression 4 × 100 metres freestyle relay
- World record progression 4 × 100 metres medley relay
- "ESPN Sydney Swimming". Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- "US swimmer Torres washes away generation gap," Agence France-Presse (August 9, 2008). Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Bill Mallon, "Dara Torres and her Olympic bests," Sports-Reference.com (August 11, 2008). Retrieved July 14, 2010
- John L. Smith, "Gold runs in the family of longtime casino man, Olympic swimmer," Las Vegas Review-Journal (September 28, 2000). Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "Dara Torres: Biography, TV Guide (undated). Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Florida Swimming & Diving 2011–12 Media Supplement, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 61, 62, 64, 67–68, 69, 75–76, 79 (2011). Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- Elizabeth Weil, "A Swimmer of a Certain Age," The New York Times magazine (June 29, 2008). Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- "NCAA names 2014 Silver Anniversary Award winners" (Press release). NCAA. November 14, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
- F Club, Hall of Fame, Gator Greats. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Dwight Collins, "UF inductees bask in glory," Ocala Star-Banner, p. 7D (September 11, 1999). Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 1992 Barcelona Summer Games. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
- Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 2000 Sydney Summer Games. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
- "U.S. swim teams name captains for Beijing," Los Angeles Times (July 30, 2008). Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- "Torres: 'I Want To Show People I'm Clean'," WSMV-TV, Nashville, Tennessee (July 7, 2008). Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Karen Crouse, "Torres Is Getting Older, but Swimming Faster," New York Times (November 18, 2007). Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Left off finals team, Coughlin still earns 12th medal". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. July 28, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- Melissa Rohlin, "43-year-old Dara Torres is training for 2012 Olympics," Los Angeles Times (September 10, 2010). Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- Amy Shipley, "London 2012: Dara Torres, 45, narrowly misses spot in sixth Olympics at U.S. swimming trials," The Washington Post (July 2, 2012). Retrieved July 5, 2012.
- Sharon Robb, "Parkland Olympian Torres making a big splash," South Florida Sun-Sentinel (July 8, 2008). Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "BP Joins Forces With Five-Time Olympian Dara Torres," DaraTorres.com (February 17, 2009). Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Don Van Natta, Jr., Michael S. Schmidt & Ian Austen, "Sports Medicine Pioneer Subject of Doping Inquiry," The New York Times (December 15, 2009). Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- Swim Across America, Olympians, Dara Torres. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- Torres, Dara, & Elizabeth Weil, Age is Just a Number: Achieve Your Dreams at Any Stage in Your Life, Broadway Books, New York, New York (2009). ISBN 978-0-7679-3190-8.
- Torres, Dara, & Billie Fitzpatrick, Gold Medal Fitness: A Revolutionary 5-Week Program, Broadway Books, New York, New York (2010). ISBN 978-0-7679-3194-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dara Torres.|
|Women's 50-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)
January 29, 1983 – July 9, 1983
August 5, 1983 – July 16, 1986