Dauphin, Manitoba

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City of Dauphin
The Watson Arts Centre was built in 1905 to house the town hall, fire station and RCMP detachment.
The Watson Arts Centre was built in 1905 to house the town hall, fire station and RCMP detachment.
Official seal of City of Dauphin
Seal
Official logo of City of Dauphin
Logo
Nickname(s): City of Sunshine
Motto: "Everything You Deserve"
City of Dauphin is located in Manitoba
City of Dauphin
City of Dauphin
Location of Dauphin in Manitoba
Coordinates: 51°08′58″N 100°02′58″W / 51.14944°N 100.04944°W / 51.14944; -100.04944
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
Region Parkland
Established 1898
Government
 • City Mayor Eric Irwin
 • Governing Body Dauphin City Council
 • MP (Dauphin—Swan River—Marquette) Robert Sopuck
 • MLA (Dauphin) Stan Struthers
Area
 • Total 12.68 km2 (4.90 sq mi)
Elevation 268 m (968 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 12,381
 • Density 1,652.1/km2 (4,279/sq mi)
 • Change 2006-11 Increase4.4%
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Website City of Dauphin

Dauphin (French for Dolphin, see Dauphin of France) is a city in Manitoba, Canada, with a population of 12,381 in 2014.1

History

The nearby lake was given the name "Dauphin" by the explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye in 1741 in honour of the heir to the French throne. Settlers began arriving in the area in 1883 and two early settlements, Gartmore and "Old Dauphin" were established.2 With the coming of the railway in 1896 - the line ran roughly halfway between the two villages - settlement shifted to the present site. This coincided with the beginning of Ukrainian settlement in the area: previously most arrivals had been of British extraction.

Incorporated as a village in 1898 and as a town in 1901, Dauphin became an important centre for the transportation of grain. Farming still plays a central role in the economy of the area, but its role has been greatly reduced. The current mayor of Dauphin is Eric Irwin, a lawyer. Conservative Robert Sopuck has been the Member of Parliament for the Dauphin—Swan River—Marquette riding since November 2010. He is the Manitoba Caucus Chairman in the Conservative Government of Stephen Harper. New Democrat Stan Struthers is the current Member of the Legislative Assembly and is currently the Minister of Finance for the Province of Manitoba, in the NDP Government of Premier Greg Selinger. Dauphin plays host to several summer festivals, including Dauphin's Countryfest, Canada's National Ukrainian Festival, and Jesus Manifest. Dauphin is known as the "Garden Capital of Manitoba."

According to the 1996 Canadian census, Ukrainians constitute the largest ethnic group in the City of Dauphin, with 41.04% of the population. Almost 26% population can speak Ukrainian. 24.17% of the residents have English ancestry, 17.61% Scottish ancestry, and 12.3% Irish ancestry, and approximately 10% are of Aboriginal origin.3

Dauphin is near Riding Mountain National Park south of the city and served by PTH 10 and is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Dauphin.

In the 1970s, a federally funded pilot project called Mincome sought to provide a Basic income guarantee to residents of Dauphin.

Transportation

The historic Dauphin Canadian Northern Railway Station was built in 1912 and is Manitoba Provincial Heritage Site No. 100.

Ground

The city is served by Manitoba Provincial Trunk Highways:

Air

Dauphin Airport serves the area.

Rail

Dauphin has a Canadian National (CN) line also used by Via Rail, calling at the Dauphin railway station.

Sports

Dauphin is a hockey community. The Credit Union Place recreation complex was built in 2006. It is the home of the Dauphin Kings, an MJHL Junior A hockey team, Turnbull Memorial Trophy winners in 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1983, 1993, and 2010 and Anavet Cup winners of 2010. Formerly, the team played in the Dauphin Memorial Community Centre (D.M.C.C.) arena that was built after the Second World War. Dauphin and the Kings hosted the Royal Bank Cup in 2010, the Canadian National Championship for Junior A Hockey.

Dauphin has a rich baseball history: senior teams The Dauphin Redbirds and later the Dauphin Brewers have claimed numerous provincial titles.

Dauphin high schoolers play a big part of the athletics of Dauphin. They have won many awards and medals in volleyball, track and field, basketball, broomball, curling, football, and hockey.

A Dauphin rink composed of curlers Ab Gowanlock, Jim Williams, Art Pollon and Russ Jackman won the Brier, the Canadian men's curling championship, in 1953.

Location

Dauphin is in western Manitoba near Duck Mountain Provincial Park and Riding Mountain National Park, just west of Lake Manitoba and Dauphin Lake and south of Lake Winnipegosis.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1901 1,135 —    
1911 2,815 +148.0%
1921 3,885 +38.0%
1931 3,971 +2.2%
1941 4,662 +17.4%
1951 6,007 +28.9%
1961 7,374 +22.8%
1996 8,266 +12.1%
2001 8,085 −2.2%
2006 7,906 −2.2%
2011 8,251 +4.4%
456

Dauphin had a population of 7,906 people in 2006, a decrease of 2.2% from the 2001 census. The median household income in 2005 was $35,527, below the Manitoba provincial average of $47,875.7

Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:8
South Asian 0 0%
Chinese 0 0%
Black 15 0.2%
Filipino 35 0.5%
Latin American 10 0.1%
Arab 0 0%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 0 0%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 10 0.1%
Total visible minority population 75 1%
Aboriginal group
Source:9
First Nations 370 4.8%
Métis 1,100 14.2%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 1,505 19.4%
White 6,160 79.6%
Total population 7,740 100%

Climate

Dauphin has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with cold winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Dauphin (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
13.9
(57)
24.2
(75.6)
35.2
(95.4)
39.2
(102.6)
37.3
(99.1)
36.0
(96.8)
39.0
(102.2)
37.8
(100)
31.1
(88)
22.2
(72)
12.3
(54.1)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) −10.0
(14)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.1
(50.2)
17.6
(63.7)
22.1
(71.8)
25.2
(77.4)
24.6
(76.3)
18.1
(64.6)
10.1
(50.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.0
(17.6)
8.5
(47.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
−6.1
(21)
3.6
(38.5)
10.5
(50.9)
15.7
(60.3)
18.7
(65.7)
17.7
(63.9)
11.7
(53.1)
4.4
(39.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
−13.1
(8.4)
2.5
(36.5)
Average low °C (°F) −20.7
(−5.3)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−11.6
(11.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
3.4
(38.1)
9.2
(48.6)
12.1
(53.8)
10.6
(51.1)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
−10.0
(14)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
Record low °C (°F) −43.3
(−45.9)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−39.0
(−38.2)
−27.8
(−18)
−12.2
(10)
−3.9
(25)
0.6
(33.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.7
(14.5)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−44.4
(−47.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.7
(0.539)
10.7
(0.421)
24.0
(0.945)
29.6
(1.165)
54.9
(2.161)
82.0
(3.228)
73.1
(2.878)
61.3
(2.413)
58.2
(2.291)
35.2
(1.386)
20.8
(0.819)
18.6
(0.732)
481.9
(18.972)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.35
(0.0138)
0.27
(0.0106)
5.5
(0.217)
17.1
(0.673)
52.9
(2.083)
81.7
(3.217)
73.1
(2.878)
61.3
(2.413)
57.2
(2.252)
29.4
(1.157)
4.5
(0.177)
0.57
(0.0224)
383.7
(15.106)
Snowfall cm (inches) 16.6
(6.54)
14.3
(5.63)
20.2
(7.95)
12.9
(5.08)
3.3
(1.3)
0.28
(0.11)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.0
(0.39)
6.0
(2.36)
17.9
(7.05)
21.3
(8.39)
113.7
(44.76)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.4 8.7 9.7 8.4 11.1 14.4 12.5 11.2 11.8 9.5 8.7 11.3 128.5
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.65 0.58 2.5 5.5 10.7 14.4 12.5 11.2 11.7 7.9 2.0 0.50 80.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 11.4 7.7 7.4 3.2 0.75 0.05 0.0 0.0 0.25 2.8 7.4 11.1 52.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 113.1 132.5 167.2 219.0 260.9 263.7 301.8 274.2 171.0 140.0 92.7 94.9 2,230.9
Percent possible sunshine 43.2 47.2 45.5 52.9 54.2 53.4 60.6 60.7 44.9 42.1 34.4 38.3 48.1
Source: Environment Canada10

Local media

Newspapers
Radio
Television

All stations are repeaters of stations in Winnipeg.

Notable people

  • Barry Trotz, former head coach of the National Hockey League's Nashville Predators, was born and raised in Dauphin.
  • James Ball competed for Canada in the 1928 Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam, Netherlands in the 400 metres, where he won the Silver medal.
  • Erving Goffman (1922–1982), acclaimed sociologist and author of The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, grew up in Dauphin.
  • His sister, Frances Bay, attended school in Dauphin. She is a well-known actress in TV and films, perhaps best known as the "Marble Rye Lady" in Seinfeld.
  • Lt.-Col. William George Barker, VC, Canada's most decorated serviceman, was born in Dauphin in 1894. The Dauphin airport and a school are named after him.
  • Theodore Arthur Burrows (1857–1929), sometime MLA and MP for Dauphin, was Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba from 1926 until his death.
  • Dauphin businessman Robert Hawkins was Speaker of the Manitoba Legislature from 1937 until 1949.
  • James Langstaff Bowman (1879–1951), a Dauphin lawyer, was the first Manitoban to be Speaker of the House of Commons.
  • Laurie MacKenzie, born and resided in Dauphin until age 19, guitarist for The Guess Who.
  • Inky Mark, former Mayor of Dauphin, and former Member of parliament for the riding of Dauphin—Swan River—Marquette.
  • Bif Naked (born Beth Torbert on June 15, 1971), a Juno Award-winning Canadian rock singer-songwriter, poet, cartoonist, and actress attended Dauphin Regional Comprehensive Secondary School in the 1980s.
  • Colby Robak, NHL prospect currently in the Florida Panthers farm system.
  • Troy Westwood, longtime CFLer for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.
  • Helen Frances Marsh (1917-1995) was editor of The Dauphin Herald and served for 18 years on the town council. She was the first Manitoban in Canada's delegation to the United Nations. She was granted an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Manitoba in 1977.11
  • Kenneth Winters (1929-2011) was an eminent musician, broadcaster and music critic, and an editor of The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada.12
  • Captain Ernest Charles Hoy, born in Dauphin in 1895, was a First World War flying ace who scored 13 victories in just a month and a half in 1918. On August 7, 1919, he flew the first airmail flight over the Canadian Rockies.

References

  1. ^ 2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision
  2. ^ Maynard, Elgin et al. Dauphin Valley Spans the Years. Dauphin Historical Society, 1970.
  3. ^ Statistics Canada 1996
  4. ^ [1], Censuses 1871-1931
  5. ^ [2], Census 1941-1951
  6. ^ [3], Census 1961
  7. ^ "Dauphin, Manitoba - Detailed City Profile". Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  8. ^ [4], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  9. ^ [5], Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  10. ^ "Dauphin A, Manitoba". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved October 23, 2013. 
  11. ^ [6]
  12. ^ [7]

External links








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