David Pilbeam

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David Pilbeam (born 21 November 1940, Brighton, Sussex, England)1 is the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University2 and curator of paleoanthropology at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University.

Biography

Pilbeam has produced numerous publications related to hominoid evolution since the mid-1960s, with some of his papers reprinted in later books.[a][o]

In the 1970s, he was a co-discoverer, in the Potwar Plateau of Pakistan, of a nearly complete skull subsequently described as belonging to Sivapithecus indicus, an extinct Late Miocene great ape, on which he published several papers.[c][d][e][f][g][h]

In 2005, in honour of his 65th birthday, Pilbeams' students, colleagues, collaborators and friends assembled a collection to honour his work.3 Pilbeam himself later contributed to a paper honouring Ofer Bar-Yosef.4

In the summer of 2007, Pilbeam was appointed interim dean of Harvard College. He oversaw the continuing process of redesigning the undergraduate curriculum, as well as a large increase in financial aid to students and the planning of a housing renewal project. Pilbeam's decision to end reimbursement of social events which provide alcohol was largely unpopular among students.5

Pilbeam describes himself as "interested in a wide range of topics involving human and primate evolution".6 Among his most recent activities has been working with Michel Brunet and colleagues on the description and analysis of the new hominin from Chad, Sahelanthropus tchadensis.[i][k][l] [m][n] He describes his long-term and continuing interests as including "the behavioral reconstruction and phylogenetic relationships of Miocene apes, which broadens to include more theoretical aspects of phylogenetics", and "the analysis of faunal change and its relationship to environmental change" particularly based on an extensive faunal record from the Neogene Siwalik Series of Pakistan. He also describes himself as having recently become interested in evolutionary developmental biology, and particularly in the development and evolution of the anthropoid axial skeleton.[j]6

Honors

Publications

Papers

David Pilbeam has written and contributed to numerous papers, the bulk of which are listed below:

  • Simons E L; Pilbeam D.R (1965), "Preliminary revision of the Dryopithecinae (Pongidae, Anthropoidea)", Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology 3 (2): 81–152, doi:10.1159/000155026, ISSN 0015-5713, PMID 5320325 
  • Pilbeam, D.R (February 1967), "Man's earliest ancestors", Science Journal 3: 47–53 

a. ^ Pilbeam, D (28 September 1968), "The earliest hominids", Nature 219 (5161): 1335–8, doi:10.1038/2191335a0, ISSN 0028-0836, PMID 5678014  (see 1987 reprint)[o]

  • Pilbeam D.R. & Walker. A.C (16 November 1968), "Fossil monkeys from the Miocene of Napak, Northeast Uganda", Nature 220 (5168): 657–60, doi:10.1038/220657a0, PMID 4972130 
  • Simons, E.L., Pilbeam, D., & Boyer, S.J (5 February 1971), "Appearance of Hipparion in the tertiary of the Siwalik hills of north India, Kashmir and west Pakistan", Nature 229 (5284): 408–9, doi:10.1038/229408a0, PMID 16059264 
  • Pilbeam, D.R. & Simons, E.L (5 February 1971), "Humerus of Dryopithecus from Saint Gaudens, France", Nature 229 (5284): 406–7, doi:10.1038/229406a0, PMID 4926991 
  • Pilbeam, D (June 1972), "Adaptive response of hominids to their environment as ascertained by fossil evidence", Social biology 19 (2): 115–27, PMID 4629892 
  • Snyder, D.R., & Pilbeam, D.R (1973), "The need for field-laboratory facilities for primate research", Journal of medical primatology 2 (5): 257–66, PMID 4207403 
  • Bell E.A., Qureshi M.Y., Charlwood B.V., Pilbeam D.J., and Evans C.S (March 1976), "The variability of free amino acids and related compounds in legume seeds", Basic life sciences 8: 397–412, PMID 1032111 
  • David Pilbeam John Barry Grant E. Meyer S. M. Ibrahim Shah M. H. L. Pickford W. W. Bishop Herbert Thomas & Louis L. Jacobs (1977), "Geology and palaeontology of Neogene strata of Pakistan", Nature 270 (5639): 684–689, doi:10.1038/270684a0 
  • Pilbeam D, Meyer G.E, Badgley C, Rose M.D, Pickford M.H, Behrensmeyer A.K, & Shah S.M (22–29 December 1977), "New hominoid primates from the Siwaliks of Pakistan and their bearing on hominoid evolution", Nature 270 (5639): 689–95, doi:10.1038/270689a0, PMID 413057 

c. ^ Pilbeam, D.R., A.K. Behrensmeyer, J.C. Barry, and S.M. Ibrahim Shah (eds.) (30 November 1979), "Miocene sediments and faunas of Pakistan", Postilla (Peabody Museum of Natural History) 179, ISSN 0079-4295 

d. ^ Pilbeam, D.R., M.D. Rose, C. Badgley and B. Lipschutz (30 November 1980), "Miocene hominoids from Pakistan", Postilla (Peabody Museum of Natural History) 181: 1–94, ISSN 0079-4295 

e. ^ David Pilbeam (21 January 1982), "New hominoid skull material from the Miocene of Pakistan", Nature 295 (5846): 232–234, doi:10.1038/295232a0, PMID 6799831 

  • Vaisnys J.R, Lieberman D, & Pilbeam D (September 1984), "An alternative method of estimating the cranial capacity of Olduvai Hominid 7", American Journal of Physical Anthropology 65 (1): 71–81, doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330650110, PMID 6437236 

f. ^ Kelley J and Pilbeam D (1986), "Kenyan finds not early Miocene Sivapithecus", Nature 321 (6069): 475–6, doi:10.1038/321475c0, PMID 3086744 

g. ^ David Pilbeam, Michael D. Rose, John C. Barry & S. M. Ibrahim Shah (15 November 1990), "New Sivapithecus humeri from Pakistan and the relationship of Sivapithecus and Pongo", Nature 348 (6298): 237–239, doi:10.1038/348237a0, PMID 2234091 

  • Brunet M, Beauvilain A, Coppens Y, Heintz E, Moutaye A.H, & Pilbeam D (16 November 1995), "The first australopithecine 2,500 kilometres west of the Rift Valley (Chad)", Nature 378 (6554): 273–5, doi:10.1038/378273a0, PMID 7477344 
  • Andrews P & Pilbeam D (11 January 1996), "Palaeoanthropology. The nature of the evidence", Nature 379 (6561): 123–4, doi:10.1038/379123a0, PMID 8538760 
  • Daniel L. Gebo, Laura MacLatchy, Robert Kityo, Alan Deino, John Kingston, David Pilbeam (18 April 1997), "A Hominoid Genus from the Early Miocene of Uganda", Science 276 (5311): 401–404, doi:10.1126/science.276.5311.401, PMID 9103195 
  • MacLatchy L, Gebo D, Kityo R, & Pilbeam D (August 2000), "Postcranial functional morphology of Morotopithecus bishopi, with implications for the evolution of modern ape locomotion", Journal of Human Evolution 39 (2): 159–83, doi:10.1006/jhev.2000.0407, PMID 10968927 

h. ^ Madar SI, Rose MD, Kelley J, MacLatchy L, & Pilbeam D (June 2002), "New Sivapithecus postcranial specimens from the Siwaliks of Pakistan", Journal of Human Evolution 42 (6): 705–52, doi:10.1006/jhev.2002.0554, PMID 12069507 

i. ^ Brunet M, Guy F, Pilbeam D. (38 authors) et al. (11 July 2002), "A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa", Nature 418 (6894): 145–51, doi:10.1038/nature00879, PMID 12110880 

j. ^ Pilbeam, D (May 15, 2004), "The anthropoid postcranial axial skeleton: comments on development, variation, and evolution", Journal of experimental zoology. Part B. Molecular and developmental evolution 302 (3): 241–267, doi:10.1002/jez.b.22, PMID 15211685 

k. ^ Michel Brunet, Franck Guy, David Pilbeam, Daniel E. Lieberman, Andossa Likius, Hassane, T. Mackaye, Marcia S. Ponce de Leon, Christof P.E. Zollikofer, & Patrick Vignaud (7 April 2005), "New material of the earliest hominid from the upper Miocene of Chad", Nature 434 (7034): 752–755, doi:10.1038/nature03392, PMID 15815627, retrieved 1 May 2010 

l. ^ Christof P.E. Zollikofer, Marcia S. Ponce de Leon, Daniel E. Lieberman, Franck Guy, David Pilbeam, Andossa Likius, Hassane, T. Mackaye, Patrick Vignaud, & Michel Brunet (7 April 2005), "Virtual cranial reconstruction Sahelanthropus tchadensis", Nature 434 (7034): 755–759, doi:10.1038/nature03397, PMID 15815628, retrieved 1 May 2010 

m. ^ Franck Guy, Daniel E. Lieberman, David Pilbeam, Marcia S. Ponce de Leon, Andossa Likius, Hassane, T. Mackaye, Patrick Vignaud, Christof P.E. Zollikofer, & Michel Brunet (27 December 2005), "Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102 (52): 18836–18841, doi:10.1073/pnas.0509564102, PMC 1323204, PMID 16380424, retrieved 2 May 2010  PDF fulltext Supporting Tables

n. ^ Guy F, Lieberman D, Pilbeam D, Ponde de Leon M, Likius A, Mackaye H, Vignaud P, Zollikofer C, & Brunet M (March 2006), "Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis cranium: oldest representing of the human family]", Médecine/Sciences 22 (3): 250–1, doi:10.1051/medsci/2006223250, PMID 16527204 

  • Desilva J.M, Morgan M.E, Barry J.C, & Pilbeam D (February 2010), "A hominoid distal tibia from the Miocene of Pakistan", Journal of Human Evolution 58 (2): 147–54, doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2009.11.002, PMID 20036414 

Books

Pilbeam also authored, co-authored, edited and contributed to (e.g. in forewords) books, with some key publications below.

  • The Ascent of Man: An Introduction to Human Evolution, Macmillan Series in Physical Anthropology, New York: Macmillan, 1972, ISBN 978-0-02-395270-8 
  • Simons, E.L. & Pilbeam, D.R (1978), "Cenozoic Apes", in Maglio, V.J. & Cooke, H.B.S., (eds), Evolution of African Mammals, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, pp. 120–146, ISBN 0-674-27075-4 
  • Ward, S. C. & Pilbeam, D (1983), "Maxillofacial morphology of Miocene hominoids from Africa and Indo-Pakistan", in Ciochon, R. L. & Corruccini, R. S, New Interpretations of Ape and Human Ancestry, New York: Plenum Press, pp. 211−238, ISBN 978-0-306-41072-7 

o. ^ Pilbeam, D.R (1987), "The earliest hominids", in Ciochon, Russell L., & Fleagle, John G (Eds.), Primate Evolution and Human Origins, New York: Aldine de Gruyter, ISBN 0-202-01175-5  (Reprint of 1968 article in Nature).[a]

  • Harrison, G.A; Tanner, J.M; Pilbeam, D.R; & Baker, P.T. (1988), Human Biology: An Introduction to Human Evolution, Variation, Growth, and Adaptability (3rd ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-854143-0 
  • Pilbeam D.R (2002), "Perspectives on the Miocene Hominoidea", in W. Hartwig (Ed.), The Primate Fossil Record, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 303–310, ISBN 0-521-66315-6  Book review

References

  1. ^ Balakrishna, Aditi (4 June 2008). "Portrait: David R. Pilbeam". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Harvard Science directory listing for Pilbeam
  3. ^ Smith, Richard J; Kelley, Jay; Lieberman, Daniel E (2005), Interpreting The Past: Essays On Human, Primate, And Mammal Evolution In Honor Of David Pilbeam, Boston, Mass: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 978-0-391-04247-6  1st brief description of book 2nd brief description of book
  4. ^ Lieberman, Daniel E., Pilbeam, David R., & Wrangham, Richard W (2009), "The Transition from Australopithecus to Homo", in John J. Shea, Daniel E. Lieberman (editors), Transitions in Prehistory: Essays in Honor of Ofer Bar-Yosef, American School of Prehistoric Research Monograph Series, Oxford, England: Oxbow Books, pp. 1–22, ISBN 978-1-84217-340-4, retrieved 1 May 2010 
  5. ^ Balakrishna, Aditi, Portrait: David R. Pilbeam, Harvard Crimson, retrieved 17 July 2010 
  6. ^ a b Pilbeam, David, Research interests, Harvard University: Paleoanthropology Laboratory - Anthropology Department, retrieved 1 May 2010 
  7. ^ "International Prize". Fondation Fyssen. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 

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