Decatur, Illinois

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Coordinates: 39°51′6″N 88°56′39″W / 39.85167°N 88.94417°W / 39.85167; -88.94417
Decatur, Illinois
City
Decaturillinois121.JPG
Decatur Downtown
Country United States
State Illinois
County Macon
Elevation 677 ft (206 m)
Coordinates 39°51′6″N 88°56′39″W / 39.85167°N 88.94417°W / 39.85167; -88.94417
Area 46.91 sq mi (121 km2)
 - land 42.22 sq mi (109 km2)
 - water 4.69 sq mi (12 km2)
Population 76,122 (2010)
Density 1,969.7 / sq mi (761 / km2)
Founded 1823
Date 1823
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62521
62525
Area code 217
Location of Decatur within Illinois
Location of Decatur within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Decatur, Illinois
Website: www.ci.decatur.il.us

Decatur /dəˈktər/ is the largest city and the county seat of Macon County in the U.S. state of Illinois. The city was founded in 1829 and is located along the Sangamon River and Lake Decatur in Central Illinois. In 2010 the city population was 76,122.citation needed

The city is home of private Millikin University and public Richland Community College. Decatur has vast industrial and agricultural processing production, including the North American headquarters of international agricultural conglomerate Archer Daniels Midland, international agribusiness Tate & Lyle's largest corn-processing plant, and the designing and manufacturing facilities for Caterpillar Inc.'s wheel-tractor scrapers, off-highway trucks, and large mining trucks.

Geography

Decatur is located at 39°51′6″N 88°56′39″W / 39.85167°N 88.94417°W / 39.85167; -88.94417 (39.851636, -88.944228).1 Decatur is three hours southwest of Chicago, and two hours northeast of St. Louis by car.

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 46.91 square miles (121.5 km2), of which 42.22 square miles (109.3 km2) (or 90.00%) is land and 4.69 square miles (12.1 km2) (or 10.00%) is water.2 Lakes include Lake Decatur, formed in 1923 by the damming of the Sangamon River.

The Decatur Metropolitan Statistical Area (population 109,900) includes surrounding towns of Argenta, Boody, Blue Mound, Elwin, Forsyth, Harristown, Long Creek, Macon, Maroa, Mount Zion, Niantic, Oakley, Oreana, and Warrensburg.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,839
1870 7,161 86.5%
1880 9,547 33.3%
1890 16,841 76.4%
1900 20,754 23.2%
1910 31,140 50.0%
1920 43,818 40.7%
1930 57,510 31.2%
1940 59,305 3.1%
1950 66,269 11.7%
1960 78,004 17.7%
1970 79,285 1.6%
1980 94,081 18.7%
1990 83,885 −10.8%
2000 81,860 −2.4%
2010 76,122 −7.0%
Est. 2012 75,407 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
34

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 81,860 people, 34,086 households, and 21,099 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,969.7 people per square mile (760.5/km²). There were 37,239 housing units at an average density of 896.0 per square mile (346.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.59% White, 19.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.

There were 34,086 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from ages 18 to 24, 26.0% from ages 25 to 44, 22.5% from ages 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,111, and the median income for a family was $42,379. Males had a median income of $36,920 versus $22,359 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,009. About 12.1% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Civics

The city's motto is "Decatur, We Like it Here". The old motto was "The Pride of the Prairie". "The Soybean Capital of the World" is the un-official, but popular motto.

Decatur was awarded the All-America City Award in 1960.

The city's symbol is the Transfer House, an early-20th-century Victorian structure located originally in the center of town where the city's mass transit lines met. The Transfer House was moved in 1963 to save it from possible destruction as increasing automobile traffic flowed through the highway routed through downtown.

Sister cities

Since 1966, Decatur has been Sister Citied with Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan. In July 1972, the administrations of 19 independent smaller municipalities were merged to form Decatur's second Sister City, Seevetal, Lower Saxony, Germany. The 19 towns and villages forming Seevetal were Beckedorf, Bullenhausen, Emmelndorf, Fleestedt, Glüsingen, Groß Moor, Helmstorf, Hittfeld, Holtorfsloh, Horst, Hörsten, Klein Moor, Lindhorst, Maschen, Meckelfeld, Metzendorf, Ohlendorf, Over and Ramelsloh. The Decatur Sister Cities Committee annually coordinates both inbound and outbound High School students, who serve as ambassadors between the three cities. Since mid-2012, the City of Decatur and City of Camajuaní in the Province of Villa Clara, Cuba have worked to develop Sister City relations. As of March 2013, both governments have approved the relationship, but no formal agreements have been signed.6

Government

Between 1829 and 1836 the county commissioners court had jurisdiction as it was the seat of Macon County,.78 By 1836 the population reached approximately 300, Richard Oglesby was elected president of the first board of trustees.7 Other members of the board of trustees included Dr. William Crissey, H.M. Gorin and Andrew Love as clerk,.78

In 1839 a town charter was granted to Decatur that gave power to the trustees "to establish and regulate a fire department, to dig wells and erect pumps in the streets, regulate police of the town, raise money for the purpose of commencing and prosecuting works of public improvement.",.78 Those who served as president of the town of Decatur were: Richard Oglesby (1836), Joseph Williams (1837), Henry Snyder (1838), Kirby Benedict (1839), Joseph King (1840), Thomas P. Rodgers (1841), David Crone (1846–47), J.H. Elliott (1848), Joseph Kauffman (1849), Joseph King (1850), William S. Crissey (1851), W.J. Stamper (1852), William Prather (1853–54), and Thomas H. Wingate (1854–55).7

In the winter of 1855-56, a special city incorporation charter was obtained,.78 This charter provided an aldermanic form of government and on January 7, 1856 an election was held for mayor, two aldermen for each of the four wards, and city marshall,.78 This aldermanic form of government continued until January 18, 1911 when Decatur changed to city commissioner form of government,.79 The new commissioner system provided a mayor elected at large and four commissioners to serve as administrators of city services: accounts and finance, public health and safety, public property, and streets and public improvements. The mayor also served as Commissioner of Public Affairs,.910

The mayor and commissioner system prevailed until a special election on November 25, 1958 in which the present council-manager form of government was adopted.,.810 According to the city website, the "City of Decatur operates under the Council-Manager form of government, a system which combines the leadership of a representative, elected council with the professional background of an appointed manager."11 The mayor and all members of the council are elected at large. Their duties include determining city policy, receiving nominal annual salaries, and as representatives of the city in public ceremonies.12 The appointed manager handles all city administration and is the council's employee and not an elected official.10 Since 1959, the following have served as City Managers: John E. Dever, W. Robert Semple, Leslie T. Allen, Jim Bacon, Jim Williams, Steve Garman, John A. Smith (acting), and Ryan McCrady.

The Decatur Transfer House in the background in downtown's Central Park

As of 2014, The current mayor of Decatur is Mike McElroy, a former councilman and local business executive.13 McElroy was originally elected in April 2009 to finish the term of former mayor Paul Osborne. He works for a liquor distribution company and therefore defers the responsibility of liquor commissioner normally held by the mayor.14 In April 2011, McElroy ran unopposed for a full term as mayor.15 Ryan P. McCrady has served as city manager of Decatur since October 2008.

2008 government transitions

City Manager Steve Garman announced in January that he would leave the job at the end of his contract in October 2008. That announcement came two weeks before a special election to consider changing the form of city government and eliminate the city manager position.16 Garman acknowledged the challenging nature of his job in his resignation letter.17

The February 2008 special election was held at the instigation of a group called ChangeDecatur, which wanted to create a strong mayor/alderman system and eliminate the city manager position. Under Illinois law, such a change was not allowed at the time of the election so the group instead endorsed a switch to the city commissioner format as a transition to its favored system.18 Voters chose to retain the current council-manager format by a 59% margin. In the aftermath, Mayor Paul Osborne said that some of the issues raised during the election could be addressed by creating geographical council districts.19

After nine years of service, City Manager Steve Garman resigned May 2, 2008, six months before his contract expired.20 The City Council appointed assistant city manager John A. Smith to fulfill Garman's responsibilities during the search for a replacement.21

Then Mayor Paul Osborne resigned June 1, 2008 after over five years of service.22 Osborne cited health issues as well as the increasing conflicts between his job as mayor and his role as editor of the Decatur Tribune.23

Councilman Michael T. Carrigan served for nearly a year as Mayor after being selected by the City Council in June 2008.24 Carrigan was in his fourth term as a council member when he was selected.25 Carrigan brought to the job of mayor his seniority, his connections and his clout as president of the Illinois AFL-CIO.26 Following elections in April 2009, Carrigan and three departing city council members were honored for their years of service.27

Mayors

Those who served as president of the town of Decatur were: Richard Oglesby (1836), Joseph Williams (1837), Henry Snyder (1838), Kirby Benedict (1839), Joseph King (1840), Thomas P. Rodgers (1841), David Crone (1846–47), J.H. Elliott (1848), Joseph Kauffman (1849), Joseph King (1850), William S. Crissey (1851), W.J. Stamper (1852), William Prather (1853–54), and Thomas H. Wingate (1854–55).7

During the winter of 1855-56, a special incorporation charter of Decatur as a city was obtained providing for an aldermanic form of government.7

  • John P. Post (1856)7
  • William A. Barnes (1857)7
  • James Shoaff (1858)7
  • Alexander T. Hill (1859)7
  • Sheridan Wait (1860)7
  • E.O. Smith (1861)7
  • Thomas O. Smith (1862)7
  • Jasper J. Peddecord (1863-1864)7
  • Franklin Priest (1865–66; 1870, 1874, 1878)7
  • John K. Warren (1867)7
  • Isaac C. Pugh (1868)7
  • William L. Hammer (1869)7
  • E.M. Misner (1871)7
  • D.S. Shellabarger (1872)7
  • Martin Forstmeyer (1873)7
  • R.H. Merriweather (1875)7
  • William B. Chambers (1876-1877; 1883-1884; 1891-1892)7
  • Lysander L. Haworth (1879)7
  • Henry W. Waggoner (1880-1882)7
  • Michael F. Kanan (1885-1890),.728
  • David C. Moffitt (1893-1894)7
  • D.H. Conklin (1895-1896)7
  • B.Z. Taylor (1897-1898)7
  • George A. Stadler (1899-1900)7
  • Charles F. Shilling (1901-1904)7
  • George L. Lehman (1905-1906),729
  • E.S. McDonald (1907-1908) 7
  • Charles M. Borchers (1909–1911; 1919–1923)7
  • Dan Dinneen (1911-1919)7
  • Elmer R. Elder (1923-1927)7
  • Orpheus W. Smith (1927-1935)7
  • Harry E. Barber (1935)7
  • Charles E. Lee (1936-1943)7
  • James A. Hedrick (1943–51)7
  • Robert E. Willis (1951-1955)7
  • Clarence A. Sablotny (1955–59)7
  • Jack W. Loftus, Acting Mayor, (1959)7
  • Robert A. Grohne (1959–1963)7
  • Ellis B. Arnold (May 1, 1963 to April 30, 1967)7
  • James H Rupp (1966–1977)7
  • Elmer W. Walton (1977-1983)7
  • Gary K. Anderson (1983-1992)7
  • Erik Brechnitz (1992-1995)7
  • Terry M. Howley (1995–2003)7
  • Paul Osborne (2003–2008) (resigned)
  • Mike Carrigan (2008–2009)
  • Mike McElroy (2009–present)

Culture

Decatur Municipal Band

The Muni band was organized September 19, 1857, making it one of the oldest nonmilitary bands in continuous service in the United States and Canada.citation needed It was originally known as the Decatur Brass Band, Decatur Comet Band and the Decatur Silver Band until 1871 when it was reorganized by Andrew Goodman and became the Goodman Band. In 1942 it was officially designated as the Decatur Municipal Band.

Library

The Decatur Public Library was originally built with a grant from Andrew Carnegie. The original library was built in 1902 and opened to the public in 1903. The building served the community until 1970 when the library moved to North Street at the site of a former Sears, Roebuck & Co. store. In 1999 the library moved to its present location on Franklin Street, also an abandoned Sears building. The library is part of the Illinois Heartland Library System. Decatur is one of only a very few communities to have razed an original Carnegie Library. A bank now stands in its place.

Sports

Decatur was the original home of the Chicago Bears, from 1919 to 1920. The football team was then known as the Decatur Staleys and played at Staley Field, both named after the local food-products manufacturer.

From 1900 to 1974, Decatur was the home of the Commodores, a minor-league baseball team playing at Fans Field.

The USTA/Ursula Beck Pro Tennis Classic has been held annually since 1999. Male players from over 20 countries compete for $10,000 in prize money as well as ATP world ranking points at the Fairview Park Tennis Complex. The tournament is held for ten consecutive days at Fairview Park concluding on the first weekend in August.

Starting in 2007, Decatur has hosted the Rodney T. Miller Lakeside Triathlon. This sprint-distance triathlon is presently scheduled on the first weekend each July.

Professional Golf

Decatur hosts the annual Decatur-Forsyth Classic presented by Tate & Lyle and the Decatur Park District. The tournament is traditionally held in June.3031

High School basketball

The Decatur High School [later Stephen Decatur H. S.] "Reds"/"Runnin' Reds" won the Illinois High School Association (IHSA) State Basketball Championship in 1931, 1936, 1945, and 1962. In addition, they were 2nd in 1937; 3rd in 1964; and 4th in 1912, 1951, 1960, and 1966. For many years they held the overall record for appearances in the "Sweet 16" and the "Elite 8." They were consistently one of the premier high school basketball teams in America. Legendary coach Galen Kintner was at the helm for the first three titles.

Softball

The following Decatur men's fast pitch softball teams have won national championships:

ADM
Decatur Pride

Media

Newspapers

Magazines

Television

AM radio

FM radio

  • WCZQ- 105.5 FM – Hip Hop & R&B
  • WJMU – 89.5 FM – Millikin University — Alternative
  • WDCR - 88.9 FM - Catholic Talk
  • WYDS– 93.1 FM – Top-40
  • WDZQ– 95.1 FM – Country
  • WXFM — 99.3 — Hot AC
  • WZUS- 100.9 FM — Talk
  • WSOY - 102.9 FM – Top-40
  • WEJT– 105.1 FM – Classic Hits
  • WZNX- 106.7 FM — Classic Rock
  • WDKR — 107.3 — Oldies
  • WNLD- 88.1 FM - Christian

Economy

Decatur has production facilities for Caterpillar, Archer Daniels Midland, Mueller Co., and Tate & Lyle (previously A. E. Staley). The corporate world headquarters for Archer Daniels Midland, the leading agricultural processor and ethanol producer, is in Decatur.323334 However, ADM announced on September 23, 2013 that it was seeking to relocate its global headquarters.35 Other large employers include Millikin University, Ameren Illinois, and the Norfolk Southern Railway.

A large former Firestone factory is currently being used as storage space for Caterpillar Inc.. Caterpillar Inc. has one of its largest manufacturing plants in the U.S. near the former Firestone facility. This plant produces Caterpillar's off highway trucks, wheel-tractor scrapers, mining-class motorgraders, and their ultra-class mining trucks (including the Caterpillar 797). From 1917-1922 Decatur was the location of the Comet Automobile Co., and the Pan-American Motor Corp.citation needed

According to the Economic Development Corporation of Decatur & Macon County, the top employers in the Decatur metropolitan area are as follows:36

# Employer # of Employees
1 Archer Daniels Midland 4,040
2 Caterpillar Inc. 3,292
3 Decatur Memorial Hospital 2,374
4 Decatur Public School District 1,500
5 St. Mary's Hospital 1,136
6 Tate & Lyle 634
7 Millikin University 627
8 Macon County 545
9 Ameren Illinois 512
10 Norfolk Southern Railway 500

Education

Colleges

Public schools

K–12 public education in the Decatur area is provided by the Decatur Public School District #61. High school athletics participates in the Big 10 Conference.

Private schools

Infrastructure

Parks

Local Macon County park resources include Lake Decatur, Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial, Rock Springs Conservation Area, Fort Daniel Conservation Area, Sand Creek Recreation Area, Griswold Conservation Area, Friends Creek Regional Park, and Spitler Woods State Natural Area. Decatur, at one time was dubbed "Park City U.S.A." because it had more parks per person that any other city in the country.

Transportation

Decatur Airport is served by three daily commercial flights on Cessna Grand Caravans to and from Lambert-St. Louis International Airport on Air Choice One. The airport facility has hosted notable visitors Presidents John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan, Vice-President Dan Quayle, and Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev (at the invitation of his long-time friend, Dwayne Andreas, former CEO of Archer Daniels Midland).

Interstate 72, U.S. Route 51, U.S. Route 36, Illinois Route 48, Illinois Route 105, and Illinois Route 121 are key highway links for the area, as well.

The Decatur Public Transit System (DPTS) provides fixed route bus service as well as complementary door-to-door paratransit service for people with disabilites, who are unable to use the bus system, throughout the City of Decatur. Under an agreement with the Village of Forsyth, service is also provided to the Hickory Point Mall area in Forsyth.

Trolley transfer station in its original location at the intersection of Main and Main streets; from a postcard sent in 1906

History

The city is named after War of 1812 naval hero Stephen Decatur

Decatur has become an affiliate of the U.S. Main Street program, in conjunction with the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

The Potawatomi Trail of Death passed through here in 1838.

Post No. 1 of the Grand Army of the Republic was founded by Civil War veterans in Decatur on April 6, 1866.

The Edward P. Irving House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright37 and built in 1911, is located at #2 Millikin Place, Decatur. In addition, the Robert Mueller Residence, 1 Millikin Place,38 and the Adolph Mueller Residence, 4 Millikin Place,3940 have been attributed to Wright's assistants Hermann V. von Holst and Marion Mahony.

Abraham Lincoln

Statue of Abraham Lincoln in downtown Decatur on the site of his first political speech. The plaque reads “Abraham Lincoln’s first political speech: Lincoln mounted a stump by Harrell’s Tavern facing this square and defended the Illinois Whig party candidates near this spot at age 21 in the summer of 1830”

Decatur was the first home in Illinois of Abraham Lincoln, who settled just west of Decatur with his family in 1830. At the age of 21, Lincoln gave his first political speech in Decatur about the importance of Sangamon River navigation that caught the attention of Illinois political leaders.citation needed As a lawyer on the 8th Judicial Circuit, Lincoln made frequent stops in Decatur, and argued five cases in the log courthouse that stood on the corner of Main & Main Streets. The original courthouse is now on the grounds of the Macon County Historical Museum on North Fork Road.citation needed

On May 9 and 10, 1860, the Illinois Republican State Convention was held in Decatur. At this convention Lincoln received his first endorsement for President of the United States as "The Railsplitter Candidate." In commemoration of Lincoln's bicentennial the Illinois Republican State Convention was held in Decatur at the Decatur Conference Center and Hotel on June 6 & 7, 2008.41

ADM price-fixing case

In early November 1992, the high-ranking Archer Daniels Midland Co. (ADM) executive Mark Whitacre confessed to a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent that ADM executives, including Whitacre himself, had routinely met with competitors to fix the price of lysine, a food additive.

The lysine conspirators, including ADM, ultimately settled federal charges for more than $100 million. ADM also paid hundreds of millions of dollars [$400 million alone on the high fructose corn syrup Class Action case] to plaintiffs/customers that it stole from during the price-fixing schemes.42434445 Furthermore, several Asian and European lysine and citric acid producers, that conspired to fix prices with ADM, paid criminal fines in the tens of millions of dollars to the U.S. government.46 Several executives, including the Vice Chairman of ADM, did federal prison time.

The investigation and prosecution of ADM and some of its executives has been reported to be one of the "best documented corporate crimes in American history".47 The events were the basis of a book named The Informant as well as a film named The Informant!

Consecutive tornadoes

On April 18 and 19, 1996, the city was hit by tornadoes. On April 18, an F1 tornado hit the city's southeast side, followed by an F3 tornado the following evening on the northwest side. The two storms totaled approximately $10.5 million in property damage.48

Notable people

In popular culture

Books

  • Decatur is mentioned in Abraham Lincoln Vampire Hunter- Seth Grahame-Smith. It is mentioned he lives west of Decatur, as well as hunting the streets of Decatur for a vampire.
  • Decatur was studied by sociologists Paul Lazarsfeld and Elihu Katz for mass media studies, in "Personal Influence: the Part Played by People in the Flow of Mass Communications", 1955.

Music

Movies

  • The Informant! is a 2009 film about the Archer Daniels Midland lysine scandal. It is directed by Steven Soderbergh and stars Matt Damon as the informant Whitacre.49
  • In the 2008 film Leatherheads starring George Clooney, there is a scene where a man and woman are sitting in the stands at a football game. The woman asks "how owning a football team will help sell corn starch?", then the camera pans the scoreboard and reveals that one of the teams is Decatur.
  • In the 1986 film Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Cameron mentions his mother is in Decatur to buy Antiques.
  • In the 1971 film Shaft, Lt. Androzzi informs Shaft that one of the mob bigwigs coming to the city is from Decatur.
  • In the film Bachelor Party, Tom Hanks croons that he is from Decatur, Illinois.
  • In the 1993 film So I Married an Axe Murderer, a map of Illinois with Decatur featured prominently is displayed in the background behind Harriet (played by Nancy Travis) in the film's closing scenes.
  • The 1948 Jimmy Stewart film Call Northside 777 mentions a character in the film going down to Decatur.
  • In the 1992 Film Noises Off (film) they mention that one of the performances takes place in Decatur

Television

References

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  2. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-03. dead link
  3. ^ American FactFinder - Results
  4. ^ "Community Profiles". .illinoisbiz.biz. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Decatur Sister Cities Official Homepage". Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb Irwin, Dayle Cochran. Decatur: Serving Others, pg. 9
  8. ^ a b c d e f Banton, Oliver Terrill. History of Macon County (1976), pg. 275
  9. ^ a b Banton, Oliver Terrill. History of Macon County (1976), pg. 276
  10. ^ a b c Irwin, Dayle Cochran. Decatur: Serving Others, pg. 10
  11. ^ "Decatur Mayor and City Council". Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  12. ^ Irwin, Dayle Cochran. Decatur: Serving Others, pg.10
  13. ^ "Decatur Mayor Mike McElroy". 
  14. ^ Lowe, Kenneth. "McElroy promises a more efficienct city if successful in mayoral run". Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  15. ^ "News McElroy sought election to the state senate and was defeated in 2012.Release". City of Decatur Ballot Order Set. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  16. ^ Freeman, Huey. "Garman to leave city manager post May 2". Herald Tribune. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "Steve Garman announces resignation at end of contract". Business Journal of Midcentral Illinois. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  18. ^ "Information". ChangeDecatur. 
  19. ^ Frazier, Mike. "Osborne ready to look ahead after voters support council-manager form of city government". Herald-Review. 
  20. ^ Freeman, Huey, "City manager to step down May 2; Steve Garman says he would like to focus on finding another job", Herald & Review, April 23, 2008, Page A1.
  21. ^ Frazier, Mike. "John Smith tapped to lead city; today is Garman's last day on the job". Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  22. ^ Frazier, Mike. "Osborne's Resignation Takes Community by Surprise". Herald-Review. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  23. ^ Frazier, Mike. "Mayor to resign Sunday, cites job conflicts, health concerns". Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  24. ^ "Decatur City Council Minutes". Decatur City Council Minutes, June 16, 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2011. dead link
  25. ^ "Decatur Mayor". Decatur Mayor. Retrieved 18 May 2011. dead link
  26. ^ Frazier, Mike. "Professional Profile: Michael Carrigan". Herald-Review Business Journal of Midcentral Illinois. 
  27. ^ "Decatur City Council Minutes". Decatur City Council Minutes - April 20, 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2011. dead link
  28. ^ "Michael F. Kanan ( - 1909) - Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  29. ^ "George W Lehman (1849 - 1922) - Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. 2010-11-22. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  30. ^ "Home | Symetra Professional Golfers | Tour Schedule, Leaderboard & News | Symetra Tour". Lpgafuturestour.com. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  31. ^ decaturforsythclassic.com
  32. ^ "Corporate Headquarters." Archer Daniels Midland. Retrieved on December 23, 2010. " Corporate Headquarters Archer Daniels Midland Company 4666 Faries Parkway Decatur, IL 62526 United States of America."
  33. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Decatur. March 17, 2008 Retrieved on December 23, 2010.
  34. ^ "Decatur city, Illinoisdead link." U.S. Census Bureau
  35. ^ "ADM to Establish New Global Headquarters and Customer Center". Adm.com. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  36. ^ Economic Development Corporation of Decatur & Macon County - Home
  37. ^ "The Prairie School Traveler". The Prairie School Traveler. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  38. ^ "The Prairie School Traveler". The Prairie School Traveler. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  39. ^ "Architecture - Adolph Mueller House". Pbs.org. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  40. ^ "The Prairie School Traveler". The Prairie School Traveler. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  41. ^ Ingram, Ron, "Ties to Lincoln draw state GOP convention to Decatur", Herald & Review, Decatur, Illinois, Thursday, July 14, 2007, http://www.herald-review.com/articles/2007/07/14/news/local_news/1024970.txt
  42. ^ Greenwald, John (October 28, 1996). The fix was in at ADM. Time Magazine. [1]
  43. ^ Wilson, J.K. (December 21, 2000). Price-Fixer to the World. Bankrate.com. [2]
  44. ^ KaplanFox (July 19, 2004). Archer Daniels Settles Suit Accusing it of Price Fixing. KaplanFox Law Firm Press Release. [3]dead link
  45. ^ Editorial Staff (June 18, 2004). Sweetner Settlement for ADM. FoodNavigator. [4]
  46. ^ Eichenwald, Kurt (2000). The Informant. Broadway Books, Inc. ISBN 9-78076790-327-1. [5]
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