Demographics of Antigua and Barbuda

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Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1871 35,157 —    
1881 34,964 −0.06%
1891 36,819 +0.52%
1911 32,269 −0.66%
1921 29,767 −0.80%
1946 41,757 +1.36%
1960 54,060 +1.86%
1970 64,794 +1.83%
1991 60,840 −0.30%
2001 76,886 +2.37%
2011 86,295 +1.16%
Source:1

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Antigua and Barbuda, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population

Population of Antigua and Barbuda, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2011 census the estimated resident population of Antigua and Barbuda was 86,295.2 The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 90,900 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revison of the World Population Prospects).3

Vital statistics4

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Infant mortality rate5
1950 46 1 654 535 1 119 35.7 11.6 24.2
1951 48 1 676 605 1 071 34.7 12.5 22.2
1952 50 1 612 526 1 086 32.3 10.5 21.8
1953 51 1 687 599 1 088 33.0 11.7 21.3
1954 52 1 660 532 1 128 31.9 10.2 21.7
1955 53 1 880 516 1 364 35.7 9.8 25.9
1956 53 1 917 497 1 420 36.1 9.4 26.8
1957 53 1 764 512 1 252 33.0 9.6 23.4
1958 54 1 818 551 1 267 33.8 10.3 23.6
1959 54 1 831 517 1 314 33.8 9.5 24.3
1960 55 1 878 538 1 340 34.3 9.8 24.5
1961 55 1 768 503 1 265 31.9 9.1 22.8
1962 56 1 787 405 1 382 31.7 7.2 24.5
1963 57 1 833 574 1 259 32.0 10.0 21.9
1964 59 1 886 500 1 386 32.2 8.5 23.7
1965 60 1 742 484 1 258 29.2 8.1 21.1
1966 61 1 745 492 1 253 28.7 8.1 20.6
1967 62 1 794 440 1 354 28.9 7.1 21.8
1968 63 1 811 513 1 298 28.7 8.1 20.5
1969 64 1 527 410 1 117 23.7 6.4 17.4
1970 65 1 540 411 1 129 23.6 6.3 17.3
1971 66 1 700 414 1 286 25.6 6.2 19.4
1972 67 1 573 455 1 118 23.4 6.8 16.6
1973 68 1 257 377 880 18.5 5.5 12.9
1974 69 1 274 496 778 18.6 7.2 11.3
1975 69 1 336 463 873 19.3 6.7 12.6
1976 70 1 522 491 1 031 21.8 7.0 14.8
1977 70 1 429 489 940 20.3 7.0 13.4
1978 71 1 342 402 940 19.0 5.7 13.3
1979 71 1 397 469 928 19.8 6.6 13.2
1980 70 1 238 387 851 17.6 5.5 12.1
1981 70 1 177 377 800 16.9 5.4 11.5
1982 69 1 152 394 758 16.7 5.7 11.0
1983 68 1 174 404 770 17.3 5.9 11.3
1984 67 1 126 386 740 16.8 5.8 11.1
1985 66 1 190 405 785 18.1 6.2 11.9
1986 65 1 130 383 747 17.5 5.9 11.6
1987 63 1 104 417 687 17.4 6.6 10.8
1988 63 1 107 389 718 17.7 6.2 11.5
1989 62 1 137 415 722 18.3 6.7 11.7
1990 62 1 288 433 855 20.8 7.0 13.8
1991 62 1 178 438 740 18.9 7.0 11.9
1992 63 1 256 442 814 19.8 7.0 12.8
1993 65 1 228 455 773 18.9 7.0 11.9
1994 67 1 271 451 820 19.1 6.8 12.3
1995 68 1 347 434 913 19.7 6.3 13.4
1996 70 1 400 429 971 19.9 6.1 13.8
1997 72 1 448 468 980 20.0 6.5 13.6
1998 74 1 366 456 910 18.4 6.1 12.3
1999 76 1 329 509 820 17.5 6.7 10.8
2000 78 1 528 447 1 081 19.7 5.8 13.9
2001 79 1 366 457 909 17.3 5.8 11.5
2002 80 1 201 434 767 15.0 5.4 9.6
2003 81 1 242 437 805 15.4 5.4 10.0
2004 82 1 272 527 745 15.6 6.4 9.1 15.6
2006 83 1 199 479 720 14.4 5.7 8.6 10.8
2007 84 1 295 471 824 15.3 5.6 9.8 21.8
2008 85 1 452 531 921 17.0 6.2 10.8 17.4
2009 86 1 418 507 911 16.4 5.9 10.6 15.7
2010 87 1 255 491 764 14.4 5.6 8.8 14.5

Ethnic groups

The population of Antigua and Barbuda, is predominantly black (91.0%) or mixed (4.4%).1 1.9% of the population is white and 0.7% East Indian. There is also a small Amerindian population: 177 in 1991 and 214 in 2001 (0.3% of the total population). The remaining 1.6% of the population includes people from the Middle East (0.6%) and Chinese (0.2%).

The 2001 census disclosed that 19,425, or 30 per cent of the total population of Antigua and Barbuda, reported their place of birth as a foreign country.1 Over 15,000 of these persons were from other Caribbean states, representing 80 of the total foreign born. The main countries of origin were Guyana, Dominica and Jamaica. Approximately 4,500 or 23 per cent of all foreign born came from Guyana, 3,300 or 17 per cent came from Dominica and 2,800 or 14 per cent came from Jamaica. The largest single group from a country outside the region came from the United States. Of the total of 1,715 persons, nine per cent of the foreign born, came from the United States while three per cent and one per cent came from the United Kingdom and Canada, respectively.

Languages

English is the country's official language, but many people speak Creole English.6

Religion

According to the 2001 census, 92% of the population of Antigua and Barbuda is considered Christian, 1.9% has a non-Christian religion and 4.1% has no religion or did not state a religion (1.7%).1

Anglicanism constitutes the largest religious group, with 25.7% of the population. Seventh-day Adventists are the second largest group (12.3%). The next largest group is the Pentecostals 10.6% of the population, followed by Moravians (10.5%). 10.4% of the population are Roman Catholics. Other Christians include Methodists (7.9%) Baptists (4.9%), Church of God (4.5%), Evangelicals (2.6%), Jehovah's Witnesses (1.6%), Brethren (0.3%), the Salvation Army (0.6%).

Other religious groups include the Rastafarian Movement (1.3% of the population), Muslims (0.3%), Hinduism (0.2%), and the Bahá'í Faith (0.1%).

References








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