Demographics of Indonesia
Despite a fairly effective family planning program that has been in place since the 1967,4 Indonesia's population is projected to surpass USA and become the biggest after China and India by 2043. For the decade ending in 2010, Indonesia's population growth was 1.49 percent. Some say family planning should be revitalized based on the 1967 program to avoid Indonesia becoming the world's third most populous country, but this aim has faced a hurdle of religiously-based opinion that to follow family planning is equivalent to not being grateful to God.5
Indonesia includes numerous ethnic, cultural and linguistic groups, some of which are related to each other. Since independence, Indonesian (a form of Malay and official national language) is the language of most written communication, education, government, and business. Many local ethnic languages are the first language of most Indonesians and still important.
|Historical population of Indonesia|
|Source: Statistics Indonesia6|
|Province||Population||In Cities (%)|
|West Nusa Tenggara||4,496,855||34.8|
|East Nusa Tenggara||4,679,316||15.9|
|Source: Population Census 20101|
Largest cities or towns of Indonesia
Statistics Indonesia (2010)7
|2||Surabaya||East Java||2,765,487||12||Bogor||West Java||950,334|
|3||Bandung||West Java||2,394,873||13||Batam||Riau Islands||944,285|
|5||Medan||North Sumatra||2,097,610||15||Bandar Lampung||Lampung||881,801|
|7||Depok||West Java||1,738,570||17||Malang||East Java||820,243|
|9||Palembang||South Sumatra||1,455,284||19||Samarinda||East Kalimantan||727,500|
|10||Makassar||South Sulawesi||1,338,663||20||Tasikmalaya||West Java||635,464|
|Period||Live births per year||Deaths per year||Natural change per year||CBR1||CDR1||NC1||TFR1||IMR1|
|1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births|
|Average population (in millions)||Live births||Deaths||Natural change||Crude birth rate (per 1,000)||Crude death rate (per 1,000)||Natural change (per 1,000)||Fertility rates|
There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia. 95% of those are of Native Indonesian ancestry. Javanese is the biggest one with 84 million people (42%), followed by Sundanese who amount to nearly 31 million (15%).
Indonesia is the world's most populous Muslim-majority nation, with almost 86.1% of Indonesians declaring Muslim in the 2000 census.9 8.7% of the population is Christian (of which roughly two-thirds are Protestant), 3% are Hindu, and 1.8% Buddhist or other. Most Indonesian Hindus are Balinese10 and most Buddhists in modern-day Indonesia are ethnic Chinese.11
Indonesian is the official language but there are many different languages native to Indonesia. According to Ethnologue, there are currently 737 living languages,12 the most widely spoken being Javanese.
definition: age 15 and over and can read and write
total population: 92.81%
female: 90.4% (2011 est.)
Education is not free; however, it is compulsory for children through to grade 9. Although about 92% of eligible children are enrolled in primary school, a much smaller percentage attends full-time. About 44% of secondary school-age children attend junior high school, and some others of this age group attend vocational schools.
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (January 2011)|
- 0-14 years: 27.7% (male 34,276,146/female 33,094,836)
- 15-64 years: 66.2% (male 80,806,409/female 80,065,855)
- 65 years and over: 6.1% (male 6,504,559/female 8,220,537) (2010 est.)
- 0-14 years: 27.3% (male 34,165,213/female 32,978,841)
- 15-64 years: 66.5% (male 82,104,636/female 81,263,055)
- 65 years and over: 6.1% (male 6,654,695/female 8,446,603) (2011 est.)
- total: 27.9 years
- male: 27.4 years
- female: 28.4 years (2010 est.)
- total: 28.2 years
- male: 27.7 years
- female: 28.7 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate
- 1.097% (2010 est.)
- 1.04% (2012 est.)
- urban population: 44% of total population (2010)
- rate of urbanization: 3.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
- rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
- at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
- under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
- 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
- 65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
- total population: 1 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
- total population: 71.05 years
- male: 68.53 years
- female: 73.69 years (2010 est.)
- Adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (2007 est.)
- People living with HIV/AIDS: 270,000 (2007 est.)
- HIV/AIDS deaths: 8,700 (2007 est.)
- noun: Indonesian(s)
- adjective: Indonesian
- Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)
- Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)
- Indonesian (official, a form of Malay influenced from other languages in Indonesia), local languages (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese).
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
- total: 11 years
- male: 12 years
- female: 11 years (2005)
- 3.6% of GDP (2006)
- Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
- "Indonesia Book Fair focuses on Spiritual Books", Assist News Service, 2013-11-14, retrieved 2013-11-23
- Calder, Joshua (3 May 2006). "Most Populous Islands". World Island Information. Retrieved 2006-09-26.
- Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 47. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.
- "Indonesia Facing Populace Larger Than US Revives Birth Control". January 28, 2014.
- Population of Indonesia by Province 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010
- World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
- Central Intelligence Agency (2012). "Indonesia". The World Factbook. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
- Oey, Eric (1997). Bali (3rd ed.). Singapore: Periplus Editions. ISBN 962-593-028-0.
- "Indonesia - Buddhism". U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
- Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics (Indonesian)
- CIA World Factbook article on Indonesia
- On Indonesians of Arab descent
- United Nations "World Population Prospects": Country Profile - Indonesia