Demographics of Panama

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Panama, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population

Demographics of Panama, Data of FAO, year 2005; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2013 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 3,678,000 in 2010, compared to only 860,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 29%, 64.5% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6.6% was 65 years or older .1

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 860 40.2 55.7 4.1
1955 983 41.8 54.1 4.1
1960 1 136 42.9 52.8 4.3
1965 1 319 43.8 51.8 4.4
1970 1 526 43.9 51.8 4.3
1975 1 754 42.8 52.8 4.4
1980 1 990 40.4 55.0 4.6
1985 2 233 37.6 57.6 4.7
1990 2 487 35.2 59.9 5.0
1995 2 757 33.3 61.5 5.2
2000 3 055 31.8 62.6 5.5
2005 3 366 30.4 63.7 5.9
2010 3 678 29.0 64.5 6.6

More than half the population lives in the Panama City-Colón metropolitan corridor. Panama City was enriched by the past century of American influences in terms of additions to the country's Latin culture, economics (the US was involved in development of roads, schools and medical care), and international trade by the nearby Panama Canal, once was under US jurisdiction: the Canal Zone territory from 1903 to 1979.

Province Capital city Population(2010 Est.)2
Bocas del Toro Bocas del Toro 118,405
Coclé Penonomé 237,840
Colón Colón 250,802
Chiriquí David 426,790
Darién La Palma 46,011
Herrera Chitré 112,538
Los Santos Las Tablas 90,984
Panamá Ciudad de Panamá 1,796,674
Veraguas Santiago 226,847
Comarca Capital city Population
Emberá-Wounaan Unión Choco 9,497
Kuna de Madugandí N/D N/D
Kuna Yala El Porvenir 37,545
Kuna de Wargandí N/D N/D
Ngöbe-Buglé Buabidi 150,550

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Panama not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. 1

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 38 000 11 000 27 000 41.4 12.0 29.5 5.76 92 56.8 55.9 57.8
1955-1960 44 000 11 000 33 000 41.7 10.6 31.1 5.87 80 59.5 58.6 60.5
1960-1965 50 000 11 000 39 000 40.9 9.2 31.6 5.79 68 62.1 61.1 63.3
1965-1970 55 000 12 000 44 000 38.8 8.1 30.7 5.41 58 64.3 63.2 65.6
1970-1975 59 000 11 000 48 000 36.1 7.0 29.2 4.88 48 66.7 65.1 68.5
1975-1980 61 000 11 000 50 000 32.5 5.9 26.6 4.19 39 69.2 67.2 71.5
1980-1985 62 000 11 000 51 000 29.5 5.4 24.1 3.63 34 71.0 68.6 73.7
1985-1990 64 000 12 000 53 000 27.3 5.1 22.3 3.24 29 72.4 69.6 75.4
1990-1995 67 000 13 000 54 000 25.5 4.9 20.6 2.96 26 73.6 70.8 76.5
1995-2000 71 000 14 000 57 000 24.6 4.8 19.8 2.87 24 74.6 72.2 77.2
2000-2005 74 000 15 000 59 000 23.1 4.8 18.3 2.76 20 75.6 73.0 78.3
2005-2010 75 000 17 000 58 000 21.3 4.9 16.4 2.62 17 76.4 73.6 79.5
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Ethnic and Racial origins

The culture, customs, and language of Panama is predominantly Caribbean Spanish. Panama has a very diverse population which is largely of mixed Spanish, Native American, and African descent/ancestry. 65% is Mestizo (mixed white, Native American), 16% is primarily black and mulattoes, 7% white and 12% Native Americans.

Population of Panama according to ethnic group3
Ethnic
group
Census 1990 Census 2000 Census 2010
Number  % Number  % Number  %
Non-indigenous 2,135,060 91.7 2,553,946 90.0 2,988,254 87.7
Amerindian 194,269 8.3 285,231 10.0 417,559 12.3
Total 2,329,329 2,839,177 3,405,813
Indigenous population of Panama according to ethnic group3
Ethnic
group
Census 1990 Census 2000 Census 2010
Number  % Number  % Number  %
Ngäbe (Guaymi) 123,626 63.6 169,130 59.3 260,058 62.3
Buglé (Bokota) 3,784 1.9 18,724 6.6 26,871 6.4
Kuna 47,298 24.3 61,707 21.6 80,526 19.3
Emberá 14,659 7.5 22,485 7.9 31,284 7.5
Wounaan 2,605 1.3 6,882 2.4 7,279 1.7
Teribe/Naso 2,194 1.1 3,305 1.2 4,046 1.0
Bribri 2,521 0.9 1,068 0.3
Other 103 0.1 460 0.1
Not declared 477 0.2 5,967 1.4

Immigration

Immigration to Panama are represented by ethnic groups in the 19th and 20th centuries: British and Irish, Dutch, French, Germans, Italians, Portuguese, Poles, Russians or Ukrainians (a large number are Jews), U.S. Americans and West Indies/Caribbean (esp. Afro-Caribbean) nationalities, in which thousands of Barbadian and Jamaican workers played a role in the construction of the Panama Canal. Also important was the immigration of Arabs and Asians: in particular Chinese, Lebanese, Palestinians, South Asians (from India and Pakistan) and Syrians.

Languages

Many languages, including seven indigenous languages, are spoken in Panama, although Spanish is the official and dominant language. English is sometimes spoken by many professionals and those working in the business or governmental sectors of society.

Religion

The majority of Panamanians are Christian, most are Roman Catholics by centuries of Spanish colonial influence. Other faiths exist in Panama by the country's tolerance and freedom of religion, there are large Protestant, Jewish, Bahá'í, Muslim and Hindu religious groups in Panama.

  • Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 17% and other religions about 5%.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

See also








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