Demographics of Slovakia

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Slovakia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The demographic statistics are from the Statistical Office of the SR, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

Population of Slovakia, Data of FAO, year 2009 ; Number of inhabitants in millions.
Ethnic composition of territory of Slovakia in 1880

Total population: 5,397,036

Population censuses in 1848-2011

census date population population density (per km2)
31-12-1848 2,442,0001 50
31-12-1869 2,481,811 51
31-12-1880 2,477,521 51
31-12-1890 2,595,180 53
31-12-1900 2,782,925 57
31-12-1910 2,916,657 60
15-2-1921 2,993,859 61
1-12-1930 3,324,111 68
4-10-1946 3,327,803 68
1-3-1950 3,442,317 70
1-3-1961 4,174,046 85
1-12-1970 4,537,290 93
1-11-1980 4,991,168 102
3-3-1991 5,274,335 108
26-5-2001 5,379,455 110
21-5-2011 5,397,036 110
1 Estimate

Age structure


0–14 years: 15.6% (male 437,755; female 417,797)
15–64 years: 71.6% (male 1,955,031; female 1,965,554)
65 years and over: 12.8% (male 262,363; female 438,538 (2011 est)

Median age

total: 38 years,male: 36.5 years, female: 39.5 years (2012 est)

Sex ratio


at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Immigration

Foreign population of Slovakia in 2010.

Immigration to Slovakia is one of the lowest in the European Union. This is because the immigration policy of Slovakia is one of the strictest in Europe. In Slovakia, there are about 63,000 foreigners and majority of them are not immigrants. They are rather foreign students, or traders etc.

Vital statistics

Births and deaths since 1919 12

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates Induced abortions
1919 2 940 91 729 56 866 34 863 31.2 19.3 11.9
1920 3 001 97 680 61 084 36 596 32.6 20.4 12.2
1921 3 006 114 947 63 507 51 440 38.2 21.1 17.1
1922 3 046 111 059 62 902 48 157 36.5 20.7 15.8
1923 3 095 111 070 54 176 56 894 35.9 17.5 18.4
1924 3 135 106 062 56 322 49 740 33.8 18.0 15.9
1925 3 168 102 867 56 171 46 696 32.5 17.7 14.7
1926 3 202 103 955 59 701 44 254 32.5 18.6 13.8
1927 3 232 99 891 59 172 40 719 30.9 18.3 12.6
1928 3 258 99 673 58 320 41 353 30.6 17.9 12.7
1929 3 286 95 387 56 447 38 940 29.0 17.2 11.9
1930 3 315 96 898 52 268 44 630 29.2 15.8 13.5
1931 3 350 93 309 54 273 39 036 27.9 16.2 11.7
1932 3 388 93 140 52 992 40 148 27.5 15.6 11.9
1933 3 424 84 975 50 655 34 320 24.8 14.8 10.0
1934 3 456 83 493 50 178 33 315 24.2 14.5 9.6
1935 3 486 82 382 49 830 32 552 23.6 14.3 9.3
1936 3 515 80 923 48 547 32 376 23.0 13.8 9.2
1937 3 540 79 862 49 527 30 335 22.6 14.0 8.6
1938 3 726 80 800 49 700 31 100 21.7 13.3 8.3
1939 3 577 81 200 48 800 32 400 22.7 13.6 9.1
1940 3 553 85 300 52 900 32 400 24.0 14.9 9.1
1941 3 542 85 700 53 600 32 100 24.2 15.1 9.1
1942 3 523 87 200 55 900 31 300 24.8 15.9 8.9
1943 3 503 87 700 50 900 36 800 25.0 14.5 10.5
1944 3 484 91 600 58 100 33 500 26.3 16.7 9.6
1945 3 459 81 880 67 505 14 375 23.7 19.5 4.2
1946 3 392 82 204 47 589 34 615 24.2 14.0 10.2
1947 3 399 87 659 41 491 46 168 25.8 12.2 13.6
1948 3 446 91 189 40 873 50 316 26.5 11.9 14.6
1949 3 447 91 053 41 727 49 326 26.4 12.1 14.3
1950 3 463 99 721 39 668 60 053 28.8 11.5 17.4 3.56
1951 3 509 100 663 40 505 60 158 28.5 11.5 17.0 3.58
1952 3 558 100 824 36 897 63 927 28.0 10.2 17.7 3.57
1953 3 599 99 124 35 598 63 526 26.9 9.7 17.3 3.50
1954 3 661 98 310 34 866 63 444 26.2 9.3 16.9 3.45
1955 3 727 99 305 32 917 66 388 26.0 8.6 17.4 3.47
1956 3 787 99 467 32 815 66 652 25.5 8.4 17.1 3.46
1957 3 844 97 311 35 755 61 556 24.5 9.0 15.5 3.34
1958 3 900 93 272 32 106 61 166 23.1 7.9 15.1 3.25 12 383
1959 3 946 87 991 34 077 53 914 21.5 8.3 13.1 3.07 17 217
1960 3 994 88 412 31 609 56 803 22.1 7.9 14.2 3.08 20 738
1961 4 182 87 359 31 403 55 956 21.6 7.8 13.8 3.04 24 244
1962 4 238 83 899 34 398 49 501 19.8 8.1 11.7 2.84 23 784
1963 4 282 87 158 32 978 54 180 20.4 7.7 12.7 2.95 19 076
1964 4 327 86 878 32 875 54 003 20.1 7.6 12.5 2.91 19 174
1965 4 371 84 257 35 910 48 347 19.3 8.2 11.1 2.80 21 037
1966 4 412 81 453 36 357 45 096 18.5 8.2 10.2 2.68 24 445
1967 4 449 77 537 35 458 42 079 17.4 8.0 9.5 2.50 26 571
1968 4 484 76 370 38 076 38 294 17.0 8.5 8.5 2.40 27 398
1969 4 519 79 769 40 623 39 146 17.7 9.0 8.7 2.43 28 534
1970 4 550 80 666 42 240 38 426 17.7 9.3 8.4 2.40 27 873
1971 4 557 83 062 42 856 40 206 18.2 9.4 8.8 2.42 28 619
1972 4 597 87 794 41 410 46 384 19.1 9.0 10.1 2.49 26 213
1973 4 641 92 953 43 759 49 194 20.0 9.4 10.6 2.56 25 335
1974 4 690 97 585 44 934 52 651 20.8 9.6 11.2 2.60 26 086
1975 4 739 97 649 45 248 52 401 20.6 9.5 11.1 2.53 26 160
1976 4 790 99 814 45 420 54 394 20.8 9.5 11.4 2.52 27 700
1977 4 841 99 533 47 181 52 352 20.6 9.7 10.8 2.47 27 875
1978 4 890 100 193 47 778 52 415 20.5 9.8 10.7 2.45 28 641
1979 4 939 100 240 47 837 52 403 20.3 9.7 10.6 2.44 29 981
1980 4 984 95 100 50 579 44 521 19.1 10.1 8.9 2.31 31 240
1981 5 016 93 290 49 632 43 658 18.6 9.9 8.7 2.28 31 943
1982 5 055 92 618 50 393 42 225 18.3 10.0 8.4 2.26 33 107
1983 5 092 92 053 52 433 39 620 18.1 10.3 7.8 2.27 33 625
1984 5 127 90 843 51 739 39 104 17.7 10.1 7.6 2.25 34 268
1985 5 162 90 155 52 464 37 691 17.5 10.2 7.3 2.26 36 283
1986 5 193 87 138 53 233 33 905 16.8 10.3 6.5 2.20 40 624
1987 5 224 84 006 52 980 31 026 16.1 10.1 5.9 2.18 49 690
1988 5 251 83 242 52 475 30 767 15.9 10.0 5.9 2.15 51 000
1989 5 276 80 116 53 902 26 214 15.2 10.2 5.0 2.08 48 602
1990 5 298 79 989 54 619 25 370 15.1 10.3 4.8 2.08 48 437
1991 5 283 78 569 54 618 23 951 14.9 10.3 4.5 2.05 45 902
1992 5 307 74 640 53 423 21 217 14.1 10.1 4.0 1.99 42 626
1993 5 325 73 256 52 707 20 549 13.8 9.9 3.9 1.93 38 815
1994 5 347 66 370 51 386 14 984 12.4 9.6 2.8 1.67 34 883
1995 5 364 61 427 52 686 8 741 11.5 9.8 1.6 1.52 29 409
1996 5 374 60 123 51 236 8 887 11.2 9.5 1.7 1.47 25 173
1997 5 383 59 310 52 080 7 230 11.0 9.7 1.3 1.43 22 318
1998 5 391 57 582 53 156 4 426 10.7 9.9 0.8 1.37 21 109
1999 5 396 56 223 52 402 3 821 10.4 9.7 0.7 1.33 19 949
2000 5 401 55 151 52 724 2 427 10.2 9.8 0.4 1.29 18 468
2001 5 379 51 136 51 980 -844 9.5 9.7 -0.2 1.20 18 026
2002 5 379 50 841 51 532 -691 9.5 9.6 -0.1 1.19 17 382
2003 5 379 51 713 52 230 -517 9.6 9.7 -0.1 1.20 16 222
2004 5 383 53 747 51 852 1 895 10.0 9.6 0.4 1.24 15 307
2005 5 387 54 430 53 475 955 10.1 9.9 0.2 1.25 14 427
2006 5 391 53 904 53 301 603 10.0 9.9 0.1 1.24 14 243
2007 5 398 54 424 53 856 568 10.1 10.0 0.1 1.26 13 424
2008 5 407 57 360 53 164 4 196 10.6 9.8 0.8 1.32 13 394
2009 5 418 61 217 52 913 8 304 11.3 9.8 1.5 1.41 13 240
2010 5 431 60 410 53 445 6 965 11.1 9.8 1.3 1.40 12 582
2011 5 398 60 813 51 903 8 910 11.3 9.6 1.7 1.45 11 789
2012 5 408 55 535 52 437 3 098 10.3 9.7 0.6 1.34 11 214
2013 5 416 54 823 52 089 2 734 10.1 9.6 0.5

Infant mortality rate


total: 6.47 deaths/1,000 live births
male 7.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female 5.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth


total population: 76.03 years
male: 72.14 years
female: 80.12 years (2012 est.)

Ethnic groups

The majority of the 5.4 million inhabitants of Slovakia are Slovak (80.7%). Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority (8.5%) and are concentrated in the southern and eastern regions of Slovakia. Other ethnic groups include Roma (2.0%), Czechs, Croats, Rusyns, Ukrainians, Germans, Poles, Serbs3 and Jews (about 2,300 remain of the estimated pre-WWII population of 120,000).

While both international organizations (the United Nations and the World Bank) and the official Slovak statistics office offer population figures for ethnic groups, these figures seldom come close to agreement. Figures for the Roma population (for a variety of reasons) vary between 1% and 10% of the population. In the most recent survey carried out by the Slovak Government's Roma Plenipotentiary, the figure for the percentage of Roma was arrived at through interview with municipality representatives and mayors, according to how many Roma they think live in their jurisdictions. The figure arrived at by this means was in the region of 300,000 (about 5.6%). Note that in the case of the 5.6%, however, the above percentages of Hungarians and Slovaks are lower accordingly.

Population of Slovakia according to ethnic group 1950–2011 45
Ethnic
group
census 1950 census 1961 census 1970 census 1980 census 1991 census 2001 census 2011
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Slovaks 86.6 85.3 85.5 4,317,008 86.5 4,519,328 85.7 4,614,854 85.8 4,352,775 80.7
Hungarians 10.3 12.4 12.2 559,490 11.2 567,296 10.8 520,528 9.7 458,467 8.5
Romani1 - - - - - 75,802 1.4 89,920 1.7 105,738 2.0
Czechs 1.2 1.1 1.0 57,197 1.1 59,326 1.1 44,620 0.8 30,367 0.6
Ruthenians 1.4 - 0.9 36,850 0.7 17,197 0.3 24,201 0.4 33,482 0.6
Ukrainians 13,281 0.3 10,814 0.2 7,430 0.1
Others/undeclared 0.5 1.2 0.4 20,623 0.4 22,105 0.4 74,518 1.4 408,777 7.5
Total 3,442,317 4,174,046 4,537,290 4,991,168 5,274,335 5,379,455 5,397,036
1 Before 1991 the Romani were not recognized as a separate ethnic group

The official state language is Slovak, and Hungarian is widely spoken in the southern regions.

Despite its modern European economy and society, Slovakia has a significant rural element. About 45% of Slovaks live in villages with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants, and 14% in villages with fewer than 1,000.

Religion

The Slovak constitution guarantees freedom of religion. The majority of Slovak citizens (69%) practice Roman Catholicism; the second-largest group consider themselves atheists (13%). About 6.9% are Protestants, Greek catholic 4.1%, and 0.9% are Orthodox. Reformed Christian Church 2.0%, other 6.4% (2004 survey). There are 5,000 Muslims in Slovakia.

Literacy


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6%

See also

References

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.contemporaryrelations.eu/1239/serbs-in-slovakia-granted-minority-status/
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3] Population and Housing Census. Resident population by nationality.

External links








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