Demographics of Ukraine

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Demographics of Ukraine
Population of Ukraine v.2.PNG
Population of Ukraine (in millions) from 1950-2012.
Population 45,547,800Decrease (1 January 2013)
Growth rate -3.1 Decrease people/1,000 population (2012)
Birth rate 11.4 Increase births/1,000 population (2012)
Death rate 14.5 Steady deaths/1,000 population (2012)
Life expectancy 71.15 years Increase (2012)
 • male 66.11 Increase years
 • female 76.02 Increase years
Fertility rate 1.53 Increase children born/woman (2012)
Infant mortality rate 8.4 deaths/1,000 Decrease infants (2012)
Net migration rate 0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008)
Age structure
0–14 years Increase 14.6%
15–64 years Increase 70.2%
65 and over Steady 15.2% (2013 est.)
Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 1.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years 0.92 male(s)/female
65 and over 0.51 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationality noun: Ukrainian(s) adjective: Ukrainian
Major ethnic Ukrainians (77.8%)
Minor ethnic Russians (17.3%)
Language
Official Ukrainian
Spoken Russian, Ukrainian, others

The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

The data in this article are based on the most recent Ukrainian Census, which was carried out in 2001,1 the CIA World Factbook, and the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. The next census is scheduled to take place in 2016.2

Historical data

There were roughly 4 million Ukrainians at the end of the 17th century.3 The historical information is taken out of Demoscope.ru. Please, note that territory of the modern Ukraine at the times listed above varied greatly. The western regions of Ukraine, west of Zbruch river, until 1939 for most of time were part of the Kingdom Galicia and later the Polish Republic. The detailed information for those territories is missing, for more information see Demographics of Poland. The Crimean peninsula was changing hands as well, in 1897 it was a part of the Taurida Governorate, but after the October Revolution became part of the Russian SFSR, and later was turned under the administration of the Ukrainian SSR.

The territory of Budjak (southern Bessarabia) became a part of the Ukrainian SSR in June 1940. The censuses of 1926 through 1989 were taken in the Ukrainian SSR. The census of 1897 is taken with the correspondence to nine gubernias that included in the territory of today's Ukraine. The statistics of 1905 records are taken from www.statoids.com which provides a broad degree of historical explanation on the situation in the Imperial Russia. The census statistics of 1931 was estimated by the professor Zenon Kuzela (1882–1952)4 from Berlin. His calculations are as of January 1, 1931. This ethnograph is mentioned in the encyclopedia of Ukraine as one of the sources only available due to lack of the official census.56

The 2001 census was the first official census of the independent republic of Ukraine. Its data is given as on January 1. The 2003-2009 stats were taken from the official web-site of www.ukrstat.gov.ua and represent the data as of February of each year for the real population.

The natural population growth of Ukraine since 1950.789
  Birth rate
  Death rate
  Natural growth rate

Before World War II

Population of the Ukrainian SSR according to ethnic group 1926–1939
Ethnic
group
census 19261 census 19392
Number  % Number  %
Ukrainians 23,218,860 80.0 23,667,509 76.5
Russians 2,677,166 9.2 4,175,299 13.5
Jews 1,574,428 5.4 1,532,776 5.0
Germans 393,924 1.4 392,458 1.3
Poles 476,435 1.6 357,710 1.2
Moldavians / Romanians 257,794 0.9 230,698 0.8
Belarusians 75,842 0.3 158,174 0.5
Greeks 104,666 0.4 107,047 0.4
Bulgarians 99,278 0.3 83,838 0.3
Tatars 22,281 0.1 55,456 0.2
Romani 13,578 0.0 10,443 0.0
Others 103,935 0.4 174,810 0.6
Total 29,018,187 30,946,218
1 Source: [3]. 2 Source: [4].

After World War II

National structure of the population of Ukraine (2001).
  Ukrainians
  Russians
  Others

Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Romanian 0.8% (including Moldovan 0.5%), Belarusian 0.6%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, Greeks 0.2% and other 1.6% (including Muslim Bulgarians, otherwise known as Torbesh and a microcosm of Gotlander Swedes of Gammalsvenskby).10

Ethnic Ukrainians in Ukraine by oblast (2001 census)
Population with Ukrainian as their native language in Ukraine by oblast (2001 census)
Ethnic Ukrainians in Ukraine by raions (2001 census)
Population of Ukraine according to ethnic group 1959-2001
Ethnic
group
census 19591 census 19702 census 19793 census 19894 census 20015
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Ukrainians 32,158,493 76.8 35,283,857 74.9 36,488,951 73.6 37,419,053 72.7 37,541,693 77.5
Russians 7,090,813 16.9 9,126,331 19.4 10,471,602 21.1 11,355,582 22.1 8,334,141 17.2
Moldavians / Romanians 341,512 0.8 378,043 0.8 415,371 0.9 459,420 0.9 409,608 0.8
Belarusians 290,890 0.7 385,847 0.8 406,098 0.8 440,045 0.9 275,763 0.6
Crimean Tatars 193 0.0 3,554 0.0 6,636 0.0 46,807 0.1 248,193 0.5
Bulgarians 219,419 0.5 234,390 0.5 238,217 0.5 233,800 0.5 204,574 0.4
Hungarians 149,229 0.4 157,731 0.3 164,373 0.3 163,111 0.3 156,566 0.3
Poles 363,297 0.9 295,107 0.6 258,309 0.5 219,179 0.4 144,130 0.3
Jews 840,311 2.0 777,126 1.7 634,154 1.3 486,628 1.0 103,591 0.2
Armenians 28,024 0.1 33,439 0.1 38,646 0.1 54,200 0.1 99,894 0.2
Greeks 104,359 0.3 106,909 0.2 104,091 0.2 98,594 0.2 91,548 0.2
Tatars 61,334 0.2 72,658 0.2 83,906 0.2 86,875 0.2 73,304 0.2
Romani 22,515 0.1 30,091 0.1 34,411 0.1 47,917 0.1 47,587 0.1
Azerbaijanis 6,680 0.0 10,769 0.0 17,235 0.0 36,961 0.1 45,176 0.1
Georgians 11,574 0.0 14,650 0.0 16,301 0.0 23,540 0.1 34,199 0.1
Germans 23,243 0.1 29,871 0.1 34,139 0.1 37,849 0.1 33,302 0.1
Gagauzs 23,530 0.1 26,464 0.1 29,398 0.1 31,967 0.1 31,923 0.1
Karaites 3,301 0.0 2,596 0.0 1,845 0.0 1,404 0.0 1,196 0.0
Others 129,338 0.3 157,084 0.3 165,650 0.3 209,172 0.4 539,604 1.1
Total 41,869,046 47,126,517 49,609,333 51,452,034 48,416,000
1 Source: [5]. 2 Source: [6]. 3 Source: [7]. 4 Source: [8]. 5 Source: [9].

Vital statistics 1112

Population change, 1970 - 1979
Population change, 1970 - 2010
Population change, 1989 - 2001
Population change, 1989 - 2012
Population change of urban settlements, 1970 - 1989
Population change of urban settlements, 1989 - 2010
Average popu-
lation (x 1000)
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates Urban Fertility Rural Fertility Abortions, reported
1906 1,460,000 44,0
1913 32,236 1,500,000 38,0 6,00
1926 (a) 29,515 1,400,000 35,0 5,39 149 700
1940 (b) 40,649 1,100,000 27,3 3,80
1946 753 493
1947 712 994
1948 757 783
1949 911 641
1950 36 905 844 585 315 300 529 300 22.9 8.5 14.3 2.81
1951 37 569 858 052 327 500 530 600 22.8 8.7 14.1
1952 38 141 846 434 325 700 520 700 22.2 8.5 13.7
1953 38 678 795 652 326 800 468 900 20.6 8.4 12.1
1954 39 131 845 128 318 500 526 600 21.6 8.1 13.5
1955 39 506 792 696 296 200 496 500 20.1 7.5 12.6 2.70
1956 40 082 822 569 293 000 529 600 20.5 7.3 13.2
1957 40 800 847 781 304 800 543 000 20.8 7.5 13.3
1958 41 512 873 483 286 700 586 800 21.0 6.9 14.1 2.30
1959 42 155 880 552 316 800 563 800 20.9 7.5 13.4 2,29
1960 42 469 878 768 296 171 582 597 20.7 7.0 13.7 2.24
1961 43 097 843 482 304 346 539 136 19.6 7.1 12.5 2.17
1962 43 559 823 151 331 454 491 697 18.9 7.6 11.3 2.14
1963 44 088 794 969 323 556 471 413 17.9 7.3 10.6 2,06
1964 44 664 741 668 315 340 426 328 16.5 7.0 9.5 1,96
1965 45 133 692 153 342 717 349 436 15.3 7.6 7.7 1,99
1966 45 548 713 492 344 850 368 642 15.6 7.5 8.1 2,02
1967 45 997 699 381 368 573 330 808 15.1 8.0 7.2 2,01
1968 46 408 693 064 374 440 318 624 14.9 8.0 6.8 1,99
1969 46 778 687 991 404 151 283 840 14.7 8.6 6.0 2,04
1970 47 127 719 213 418 679 300 534 15.2 8.9 6.4 2.10 1,130,315
1971 47 507 736 691 424 717 311 974 15.4 8.9 6.5 2.12
1972 47 903 745 696 443 038 302 658 15.5 9.2 6.3 2,08
1973 48 274 719 560 449 351 270 209 14.9 9.3 5.6 2,04
1974 48 571 736 616 455 970 280 646 15.1 9.4 5.8 2,04
1975 48 881 738 857 489 550 249 307 15.1 10.0 5.1 2,02 1,110,223
1976 49 151 747 069 500 584 246 485 15.2 10.2 5.0 1,99
1977 49 388 726 217 517 967 208 250 14.7 10.5 4.2 1,94
1978 49 578 732 187 529 681 202 506 14.7 10.7 4.1 1,96
1979 49 755 735 188 552 019 183 169 14.7 11.1 3.7 1.96
1980 50 044 742 489 568 243 174 246 14.8 11.4 3.5 1.95 1,197,000
1981 50 222 733 183 568 789 164 394 14.6 11.3 3.3 1.93 1,112,734
1982 50 388 745 591 568 231 177 360 14.8 11.3 3.5 1.94 1,131,437
1983 50 573 807 111 583 496 223 615 16.0 11.6 4.4 2.11 1,125,686
1984 50 768 792 035 610 338 181 697 15.6 12.0 3.6 2,08 1,127,627
1985 50 941 762 775 617 548 145 227 15.0 12.1 2.9 2.02 1,179,000
1986 51 143 792 574 565 150 227 424 15.5 11.1 4.4 2.13 1,166,039
1987 51 373 760 851 586 387 174 464 14.8 11.4 3.4 2.07 1,168,136
1988 51 593 744 056 600 725 143 331 14.4 11.6 2.8 2.04 1,080,029
1989 51 770 690 981 600 590 90 391 13.3 11.6 1.7 1,923 1,78 2,33 1,058,414
1990 51 838 657 202 629 602 27 600 12.7 12.1 0.6 1,844 1,69 2,27 1,019,038
1991 51 944 630 813 669 960 -39 147 12.1 12.9 -0.8 1,773 1,61 2,33 957 022
1992 52 056 596 785 697 110 -100 325 11.4 13.4 -2.0 1,674 1,48 2,19 932 272
1993 52 244 557 467 741 662 -184 195 10.7 14.2 -3.5 1,563 1,37 2,07 860 996
1994 52 114 521 545 764 669 -243 124 10.0 14.7 -4.7 1,470 1,28 1,97 798 538
1995 51 728 492 861 792 587 -299 726 9.6 15.4 -5.8 1,397 1,22 1,86 740 172
1996 51 297 467 211 776 717 -309 506 9.2 15.2 -6.1 1,332 1,16 1,77 687 035
1997 50 818 442 581 754 151 -311 570 8.7 14.9 -6.2 1,270 1,11 1,68 596 740
1998 50 370 419 238 719 954 -300 716 8.4 14.4 -6.0 1,207 1,04 1,62 525 329
1999 49 918 389 208 739 170 -349 962 7.8 14.9 -7.0 1,121 0,97 1,51 495 760
2000 49 429 385 126 758 082 -372 956 7.8 15.4 -7.6 1,110 0,96 1,49 434 223
2001 48 923 376 479 745 953 -369 474 7.7 15.3 -7.6 1,085 0,96 1,41 369 750
2002 48 457 390 687 754 911 -364 224 8.1 15.7 -7.6 1,126 1,03 1,47 345 967
2003 48 003 408 591 765 408 -356 817 8.5 16.0 -7.5 1,172 1,09 1,48 315 835
2004 47 622 427 259 761 263 -334 004 9.0 16.0 -7.0 1,218 1,12 1,53 289 065
2005 47 280 426 085 781 964 -355 879 9.0 16.6 -7.6 1,213 1,16 1,48 263 950
2006 46 929 460 368 758 093 -297 725 9.8 16.2 -6.4 1,310 1,21 1,61 229 618
2007 46 646 472 657 762 877 -290 220 10.2 16.4 -6.2 1,345 1,28 1,69 210 454
2008 46 372 510 588 754 462 -243 874 11.0 16.3 -5.3 1,458 1,31 1,72 201 087
2009 46 143 512 526 706 740 -194 214 11.1 15.3 -4.2 1,460 1,33 1,77 194 845
2010 45 962 497 689 698 235 -200 546 10.8 15.2 -4.4 1,445 1,31 1,78 176 774
2011 45 778 502 595 664 588 -161 993 11.0 14.5 -3.5 1,459 1,32 1,80 156 193
2012 45 633 520 704 663 139 -142 435 11.4 14.5 -3.1 1.531 1.39 1.87 141 396
2013 45 553 503 656 662 368 -158 712 11.1 14.6 -3.5 1.50-1.51(e)
2014 45 426

(e) estimate (a) Information is given for Ukraine`s territory within its old boundaries up to September 17, 1939 (b) Information is given for Ukraine`s territory within its present-day boundaries, after the annexation of ethnic Ukrainian Polish territories on September 17, 1939

Urban live births Urban deaths Urban natural change Urban rude birth rate (per 1,000) Urban rude death rate (per 1,000) Urban natural change (per 1,000) Rural live births Rural deaths Rural natural change Rural crude birth rate (per 1,000) Rural crude death rate (per 1,000) Rural natural change (per 1,000)
1990 442,869 357,114 85,755 12.7 10.2 2.5 214,333 272,488 -58,155 12.7 16.1 -3.4
1991 419,205 380,988 38,917 11.9 10.8 1.1 211,608 288,972 -77,364 12.6 17.2 -4.6
1992 387,696 401,849 -14,153 11.0 11.4 -0.4 209,089 295,261 -86,172 12.5 17.6 -5.1
1993 356,833 432,462 -75,629 10.1 12.2 -2.1 200,634 309,200 -108,566 12.0 18.5 -6.5
1994 328,522 450,823 -122,301 9.3 12.8 -3.5 193,023 313,846 -120,823 11.6 18.8 -7.2
1995 308,408 476,434 -168,026 8.8 13.6 -4.8 184,453 316,153 -131,700 11.1 19.1 -8.0
1996 291,121 460,805 -169,684 8.4 13.3 -4.9 176,090 315,912 -139,822 10.7 19.2 -8.5
1997 274,961 444,446 -169,485 8.0 13.0 -5.0 167,620 309,705 -142,805 10.2 18.9 -8.7
1998 258,724 425,521 -166,797 7.6 12.6 -5.0 160,514 294,433 -133,919 9.9 18.1 -8.2
1999 239,408 439,986 -200,578 7.1 13.1 -6.0 149,800 299,184 -149,384 9.3 18.5 -9.2
2000 238,014 457,069 -219,055 7.2 13.8 -6.6 147,112 301,013 -153,901 9.2 18.8 -9.6
2001 237,228 450,329 -213,101 7.2 13.8 -6.6 139,250 295,623 -156,373 8.7 18.6 -9.9
2002 248,877 454,406 -205,529 7.7 14.0 -6.3 141,811 300,505 -158,694 9.0 19.1 -10.1
2003 266,415 459,965 -193,550 8.3 14.3 -6.0 142,174 305,443 -163,269 9.1 19.6 -10.5
2004 284,361 460,492 -176,131 8.9 14.4 -5.5 142,898 300,769 -157,871 9.3 19.6 -10.3
2005 284,257 471,561 -187,304 8.9 14.8 -5.9 141,829 310,400 -168,571 9.4 20.5 -11.1
2006 306,635 461,774 -155,139 9.6 14.5 -4.9 153,733 296,318 -142,585 10.3 19.8 -9.5
2007 314,065 466,253 -152,188 9.9 14.7 -4.8 158,592 296,624 -138,032 10.7 20.1 -9.4
2008 340,594 462,897 -122,303 10.8 14.6 -3.8 169,995 291,563 -121,568 11.6 19.9 -8.3
2009 339,497 432,294 -92,797 10.8 13.7 -2.9 173,028 274,445 -101,417 11.9 18.9 -7.0
2010 326,587 431,130 -104,543 10.4 13.7 -3.3 171,102 267,105 -96,003 11.9 18.6 -6.7
2011 328,934 411,025 -82,091 10.5 13.1 -2.3 173,661 253,563 -79,902 12.1 17.7 -5.6
2012 341,599 411,787 -70,788 10.9 13.1 -2.2 179,106 251,352 -72,246 12.6 17.7 -5.1
2013 330,284 412,552 -82,268 10.5 13.1 -2.6 173,372 249,816 -76,444 12.3 17.7 -5.4

Demographic statistics

COB data Ukraine.PNG

Population

Decrease 45,553,000 (1 January 2013)13

Current vital statistics

The number of births during the months of January 2014 decreased by 1853 over the same period in 2012. The birth rate for January 2014 was 10.7 per 1,000 population, a decrease over 11.2 during January 2013 and 10.7 for January 2012.

-Number of births from January–December 2012 = Increase 520,704

-Number of births from January–December 2013 = Decrease 503,656

-Number of births from January 2013 = Increase 43,290

-Number of births from January 2014 = Decrease 41,437

The number of deaths during the same period has decreased from 1169. The mortality rate for January 2014 was 15,9 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants of rate of 16,2 during the period of January 2013 and 15.4 for January–December 2011.

-Number of deaths from January–December 2012 = Decrease 663,139

-Number of deaths from January–December 2013 = Decrease 662,368

-Number of deaths from January 2013 = Increase 62,738

-Number of deaths from January 2014 = Decrease 61,569

During the period of January 2014 the natural increase over the last three years were respectively -5.2 per 1000, -5.0 in 2013, and -4.7 in 2014.

Natural increase from January–December 2012 = Decrease - 142,434

Natural increase from January–December 2013 = Increase - 158,712

Natural increase from January 2013 = Decrease - 17,439

Natural increase from January 2014 = Increase - 20,132

Birth data by oblast

Number of birth for January Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011
 Donetsk Oblast 3400 Decrease 3497 Increase 3452 Increase 3451 Increase 6607 Increase 6561 Increase 6481 Decrease 6636 Decrease
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 2935 Decrease 3192 Increase 3064 Increase 3023 Increase 4617 Decrease 4802 Increase 4578 Decrease 4745 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 2799 Increase 2695 Increase 2504 Decrease 2564 Increase 2566 Decrease 2568 Increase 2406 Decrease 2435 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 2415 Decrease 2464 Increase 2360 Increase 2299 Decrease 2882 Decrease 3021 Increase 2770 Decrease 2967 Increase
 Kharkiv Oblast 2281 Increase 2216 Increase 2185 Increase 2157 Increase 3641 Decrease 3743 Increase 3626 Increase 3611 Decrease
 Odessa Oblast 2228 Decrease 2465 Increase 2447 Increase 2344 Decrease 3189 Increase 3179 Increase 2991 Decrease 3092 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 1929 Decrease 2038 Increase 1905 Increase 1857 Increase 2683 Increase 2541 Increase 2418 Decrease 2422 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 1755 Increase 1719 Decrease 1752 Increase 1703 Increase 3359 Decrease 3510 Increase 3272 Increase 3250 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 1735 Decrease 1801 Increase 1668 Increase 1649 Increase 2436 Decrease 2539 Increase 2485 Increase 2307 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 1540 Decrease 1718 Increase 1634 Increase 1620 Increase 1384 Decrease 1448 Increase 1368 Decrease 1428 Increase
 Zaporizhia Oblast 1511 Decrease 1647 Increase 1460 Decrease 1463 Increase 2436 Decrease 2506 Increase 2378 Decrease 2472 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 1447 Decrease 1536 Increase 1508 Decrease 1512 Increase 1351 Increase 1260 Decrease 1286 Decrease 1345 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 1509 Increase 1500 Increase 1475 Decrease 1504 Decrease 2348 Decrease 2487 Increase 2195 Decrease 2399 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 1333 Decrease 1504 Increase 1334 Decrease 1346 Decrease 1641 Decrease 1659 Increase 1474 Decrease 1596 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 1280 Decrease 1341 Increase 1192 Decrease 1215 Increase 1970 Decrease 2008 Increase 1828 Decrease 1864 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 1212 Decrease 1253 Increase 1233 Decrease 1250 Decrease 1237 Decrease 1255 Increase 1214 Decrease 1343 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 1203 Decrease 1280 Increase 1143 Decrease 1221 Increase 1839 Decrease 1917 Increase 1751 Decrease 1880 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 1125 Decrease 1200 Increase 1193 Increase 1163 Decrease 2244 Decrease 2374 Increase 2203 Decrease 2246 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 1095 Increase 1089 Increase 1066 Increase 1005 Decrease 1639 Decrease 1695 Increase 1553 Decrease 1614 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 1007 Steady 1007 Increase 1004 Increase 977 Decrease 1875 Decrease 1965 Increase 1780 Decrease 1796Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 993 Decrease 1033 Increase 980 Increase 944 Decrease 1523 Increase 1513 Increase 1401 Decrease 1411 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 947 Increase 927 Decrease 928 Increase 956 Increase 1567 Steady 1567 Decrease 1595 Steady 1595 Increase
 Ternopil Oblast 907 Decrease 1026 Increase 975 Increase 949 Increase 1369 Decrease 1394 Increase 1340 Decrease 1409 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 885 Decrease 917 Increase 871 Decrease 924 Increase 1078 Increase 1050 Decrease 1073 Decrease 1125 Increase
 Chernihiv Oblast 809 Decrease 901 Increase 762 Increase 759 Decrease 1814 Decrease 1926 Increase 1737 Decrease 1838 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 798 Decrease 962 Increase 906 Increase 876 Increase 1784 Increase 1781 Increase 1709 Steady 1709 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 359 Decrease 362 Increase 316 Decrease 347 Increase 490 Increase 469 Steady 469 Decrease 499 Increase
Birth Rate for January Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011
 Rivne Oblast 14,7 Decrease 15,6 Increase 15,4 Steady 15,4 Increase 13,7 Increase 12,8 Decrease 13,1 Decrease 13,7 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 14,4 Decrease 16,1 Increase 15,4 Increase 15,3 Increase 12,9 Decrease 13,6 Increase 12,9 Decrease 13,5 Increase
 Volyn Oblast 13,7 Decrease 14,2 Increase 14,0 Decrease 14,2 Increase 14,0 Decrease 14,2 Increase 13,8 Decrease 15,3 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 12,0 Decrease 12,4 Increase 11,1 Decrease 11,2 Increase 18,4 Decrease 18,6 Increase 17,0 Decrease 17,2 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 11,8 Decrease 12,3 Increase 11,5 Increase 11,3 Increase 16,6 Decrease 17,3 Increase 17,1 Increase 15,8 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 11,5 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,4 Increase 11,1 Increase 16,0 Increase 15,2 Increase 14,5 Steady 14,5 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 11,5 Decrease 11,9 Increase 11,4 Decrease 12,0 Increase 14,0 Increase 13,6 Decrease 14,0 Decrease 14,6 Increase
Kiev Kyiv City 11,5 Increase 11,1 Increase 10,5 Decrease 10,8 Increase 10,5 Decrease 10,6 Increase 10,1 Decrease 10,3 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 11,4 Decrease 12,8 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Steady 14,0 Decrease 14,1 Increase 12,6 Decrease 13,6 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 11,2 Decrease 11,4 Increase 11,0 Increase 10,6 Decrease 13,4 Decrease 14,0 Increase 12,9 Decrease 13,7 Increase
 Kirovohrad Oblast 11,3 Increase 11,0 Increase 10,9 Decrease 11,1 Increase 18,7 Increase 18,6 Decrease 18,8 Increase 18,6 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 11,0 Decrease 12,1 Steady 12,1 Increase 11,5 Increase 15,7 Increase 15,6 Increase 14,8 Decrease 15,2 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 11,0 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,7 Decrease 10,8 Increase 17,1 Decrease 18,0 Increase 15,9 Decrease 17,2 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 11,0 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,7 Increase 10,0 Decrease 16,5 Decrease 17,0 Increase 15,6 Decrease 16,1 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 10,9 Decrease 11,5 Increase 10,3 Increase 10,9 Increase 16,6 Decrease 17,2 Increase 15,7 Increase 15,3 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 10,9 Decrease 11,3 Increase 10,7 Increase 10,2 Steady 16,7 Increase 16,5 Increase 15,3 Steady 15,3 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 10,9 Decrease 11,1 Increase 9,8 Decrease 10,7 Increase 14,9 Increase 14,4 Decrease 14,5 Decrease 15,4 Increase
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 10,5 Decrease 11,4 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,7 Increase 16,5 Decrease 17,1 Increase 16,3 Decrease 16,8 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 10,0 Decrease 10,9 Increase 9,6 Steady 9,6 Increase 16,1 Decrease 16,5 Increase 15,7 Decrease 16,2 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 9,9 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,6 Increase 10,3 Increase 15,0 Decrease 15,2 Increase 14,6 Decrease 15,3 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 9,8 Increase 9,5 Increase 9,4 Increase 9,2 Increase 15,7 Decrease 16,1 Increase 15,6 Increase 15,4 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 9,4 Increase 9,3 Steady 9,3 Increase 9,0 Decrease 17,5 Decrease 18,2 Increase 16,5 Steady 16,5 Decrease
 Donetsk Oblast 9,2 Decrease 9,4 Increase 9,3 Increase 9,2 Increase 17,9 Increase 17,6 Increase 17,4 Decrease 17,7 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 9,2 Increase 9,0 Decrease 9,1 Increase 8,8 Increase 17,6 Decrease 18,3 Increase 17,0 Increase 16,7 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 9,1 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,5 Increase 9,2 Increase 18,1 Decrease 19,0 Increase 17,6 Decrease 17,8 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 8,9 Decrease 9,8 Increase 8,3 Increase 8,1 Decrease 20,0 Decrease 21,0 Increase 18,9 Decrease 19,7 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 8,3 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,3 Increase 8,9 Increase 18,6 Increase 18,3 Increase 17,5 Increase 17,3 Decrease
Number of birth by oblast Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Birth/2010 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010
 Donetsk Oblast 41034 Decrease 42839 Increase 41720 Increase 41528 Decrease 69345 Decrease 70496 Decrease 71042 Decrease 73916 Decrease
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 36134 Decrease 37087 Increase 36116 Increase 35593 Decrease 51134 Decrease 51486 Decrease 52106 Decrease 54542 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 33305 Decrease 33887 Increase 32068 Decrease 32082 Decrease 28003 Increase 27840 Increase 27050 Decrease 28625 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 29542 Decrease 30220 Increase 28904 Increase 28651 Decrease 31666 Decrease 31667 Increase 31162 Decrease 31644 Decrease
 Odessa Oblast 29075 Decrease 30384 Increase 29225 Increase 28690 Decrease 33523 Decrease 33648 Decrease 33688 Decrease 36144 Increase
 Kharkiv Oblast 26700 Decrease 27244 Increase 26317 Increase 26286 Decrease 39465 Decrease 40130 Increase 40079 Decrease 42106 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 24054 Decrease 24702 Increase 23394 Increase 23238 Decrease 27028 Increase 26945 Decrease 27539 Decrease 28475 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 20531 Decrease 21743 Increase 21320 Increase 20969 Decrease 35822 Decrease 36316 Decrease 37256 Decrease 38921 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 20511 Decrease 20966 Increase 20083 Increase 19737 Decrease 27198 Increase 27161 Increase 26847 Decrease 28406 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 18490 Decrease 18968 Increase 18460 Increase 18301 Increase 14801 Decrease 14813 Increase 14588 Decrease 14947 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 18134 Decrease 18882 Increase 18198 Increase 18018 Decrease 26498 Increase 26406 Decrease 27033 Decrease 28553 Increase
 Rivne Oblast 17445 Decrease 18316 Increase 17697 Increase 17074 Increase 14556 Increase 14302 Increase 14168 Decrease 14997 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 17437 Decrease 18339 Increase 17894 Increase 17508 Decrease 25453 Increase 25158 Decrease 25376 Decrease 26528 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 16716 Decrease 17101 Increase 16497 Increase 16343 Decrease 17358 Increase 16801 Increase 16657 Decrease 17521 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 15001 Decrease 15486 Increase 15154 Increase 14678 Decrease 20859 Increase 20685 Increase 20417 Decrease 21227 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 14700 Decrease 15346 Increase 14620 Decrease 14848 Decrease 13666 Decrease 13710 Decrease 13842 Decrease 14362 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 14548 Decrease 14881 Increase 14492 Increase 14414 Decrease 20581 Increase 20362 Increase 20116 Decrease 20842 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 14296 Decrease 14635 Increase 14167 Decrease 14250 Decrease 24358 Increase 24223 Decrease 24384 Decrease 26113 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 13043 Decrease 13515 Increase 13029 Increase 12831 Decrease 17353 Increase 17277 Decrease 17441 Decrease 18700 Increase
 Kherson Oblast 12300 Decrease 12643 Increase 12085 Decrease 12388 Increase 16048 Increase 15904 Increase 15828 Decrease 16432 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 12100 Decrease 12798 Increase 12473 Increase 12462 Decrease 20477 Decrease 20667 Decrease 20848 Decrease 21820 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 11807 Decrease 12202 Increase 11964 Increase 11872 Decrease 14682 Decrease 14838 Increase 14829 Decrease 15616 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 11465 Decrease 11592 Increase 11281 Increase 11032 Decrease 11520 Increase 11321 Decrease 11192 Decrease 11761 Increase
 Kirovohrad Oblast 10562 Decrease 11029 Increase 10578 Increase 10531 Decrease 16513 Decrease 16521 Decrease 16697 Decrease 17652 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 10411 Decrease 11093 Increase 10473 Increase 10360 Decrease 19219 Increase 19002 Increase 18833 Decrease 20146 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 9852 Decrease 10222 Increase 10134 Increase 10091 Decrease 19909 Decrease 20208 Increase 20179 Decrease 21644 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 4463 Decrease 4584 Increase 4252 Increase 4184 Decrease 5326 Increase 5252 Decrease 5391 Increase 5595 Increase
Birth Rate by Oblast Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Birth/2010 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010
 Rivne Oblast 15,1 Decrease 15,9 Increase 15,3 Increase 14,8 Decrease 12,6 Increase 12,4 Increase 12,3 Decrease 13,0 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 14,7 Decrease 15,1 Increase 14,8 Increase 14,7 Increase 11,8 Steady 11,8 Increase 11,7 Decrease 12,0 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 14,1 Decrease 14,8 Increase 14,1 Decrease 14,3 Decrease 13,1 Decrease 13,2 Decrease 13,3 Decrease 13,8 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 12,6 Decrease 12,8 Increase 12,5 Increase 12,2 Steady 12,7 Increase 12,5 Increase 12,4 Decrease 13,0 Increase
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 12,2 Decrease 12,6 Increase 11,9 Increase 11,8 Decrease 13,7 Steady 13,7 Decrease 14,0 Decrease 14,5 Steady
 Odessa Oblast 12,1 Decrease 12,7 Increase 12,2 Increase 12,0 Decrease 14,0 Decrease 14,1 Steady 14,1 Decrease 15,1 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 12,1 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,6 Increase 12,2 Increase 12,1 Decrease 12,7 Steady
 Zhytomyr Oblast 11,9 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,9 Increase 11,5 Decrease 16,5 Increase 16,3 Increase 16,0 Decrease 16,6 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 11,9 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,7 Increase 11,5 Decrease 15,8 Steady 15,8 Increase 15,6 Decrease 16,5 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 11,7 Decrease 12,0 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Decrease 9,8 Steady 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease 10,3 Increase
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 11,6 Decrease 12,0 Increase 11,1 Increase 11,0 Decrease 13,8 Increase 13,7 Decrease 14,1 Decrease 14,7 Increase
 Lviv Oblast 11,6 Decrease 11,9 Increase 11,4 Increase 11,2 Decrease 12,4 Decrease 12,5 Increase 12,3 Decrease 12,8 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 11,4 Decrease 11,7 Increase 11,1 Decrease 11,4 Increase 14,9 Increase 14,7 Increase 14,6 Decrease 15,1 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 11,1 Decrease 11,5 Increase 11,0 Increase 10,8 Decrease 14,8 Increase 14,7 Decrease 14,8 Decrease 15,8 Increase
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 11,1 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,0 Increase 10,8 Decrease 15,7 Increase 15,5 Increase 15,2 Decrease 15,6 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 11,0 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,1 Increase 10,9 Decrease 13,7 Decrease 13,8 Increase 13,7 Decrease 14,4 Steady
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 11,0 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,6 Decrease 15,5 Steady 15,5 Decrease 15,7 Decrease 16,3 Steady
 Vinnytsia Oblast 10,8 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,6 Decrease 15,7 Increase 15,4 Decrease 15,5 Decrease 16,1 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 10,7 Decrease 11,0 Increase 10,5 Increase 10,4 Decrease 16,7 Increase 16,5 Decrease 16,6 Decrease 17,4 Steady
 Zaporizhia Oblast 10,2 Decrease 10,6 Increase 10,1 Increase 10,0 Decrease 14,9 Increase 14,8 Decrease 15,0 Decrease 15,8 Increase
 Kharkiv Oblast 9,8 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,6 Increase 9,5 Decrease 14,4 Decrease 14,6 Steady 14,6 Decrease 15,2 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 9,8 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,5 Steady 9,5 Decrease 16,7 Increase 16,5 Increase 16,4 Decrease 17,5 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 9,6 Decrease 10,1 Increase 9,8 Increase 9,7 Steady 16,2 Steady 16,2 Decrease 16,3 Decrease 16,9 Steady
 Donetsk Oblast 9,4 Decrease 9,8 Increase 9,5 Increase 9,3 Decrease 15,9 Decrease 16,1 Steady 16,1 Decrease 16,6 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 9,2 Decrease 9,7 Increase 9,1 Increase 8,9 Decrease 16,9 Increase 16,6 Increase 16,3 Decrease 17,3 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 9,2 Decrease 9,4 Increase 9,3 Increase 9,1 Decrease 18,6 Decrease 18,7 Increase 18,5 Decrease 19,6 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 9,1 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,3 Increase 9,1 Decrease 15,9 Decrease 16,0 Decrease 16,3 Decrease 16,9 Steady

Year in review 2013

Compared to 2012, amount of attrition increased by 16,278 persons, or 3.1 to 3.5 persons per 1000 inhabitants real. Natural decrease was observed in 23 oblasts of the country, while natural increases were recorded only in the capital Kiev, Zakarpattya, Rivne and Volyn oblast (respectively 5302, 3689, 2889 and 1034 people).

Some regions registered a low natural decline, such as Chernivtsi, Ivano-Frankivsk, Sevastopol, Lviv, Ternopil, Crimea, Kherson and Odessa (respectively, -55, -642, -863, -2124, -2875, -2974, -3748 and -4448 people). The largest declines were recorded in Donetsk, Luhansk, Dnipropetrovsk, Kharkiv, Poltava and Chernihiv (respectively -28311, -15291, -15007, -12765, -10062 and -10057), regions which have in common a low birth rate and high mortality of a large urban population and a strong rural population aging.

Age structure

  • 0–14 years: 14.6% Increase = 6,620,598 Increase
  • 15–64 years: 70.2% Decrease = 31,846,776 Decrease
  • 65 years and over: 15.2% Steady = 6,905,318 Decrease

(2013 official.)

Median age

  • total: 39.7 years Increase
  • male: 39.5 years Increase
  • female: 40.1 years Steady (2013 official.)
  • total: 34.8 years Increase
  • male: 31.9 years Increase
  • female: 37.7 years Increase (1989 official.)

Net migration rate

0.3 migrant(s)/1,002 population (2008)14

Sex ratio

  • at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.8375 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate

  • 9.1 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4564 death. (2010)
  • 9.0 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4511 death. (2011)
  • 8.4 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4371 deaths. (2012)
  • 7.9 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4030 deaths. (2013)
  • 8.9 Increase deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2193 death for January–June 2011
  • 8.6 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2190 death for January–June 2012
  • 7.8 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 1993 deaths for January–June 201315
Infant mortality by oblast Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009
 Donetsk Oblast 540 Increase 473 Decrease 497 Decrease 533 Steady
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 370 Increase 343 Decrease 347 Increase 329 Decrease
 Odessa Oblast 267 Decrease 268 Increase 263 Decrease 280 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 262 Increase 255 Increase 233 Decrease 244 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 233 Decrease 272 Increase 266 Increase 238 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 215 Increase 213 Increase 205 Decrease 210 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 203 Decrease 234 Decrease 243 Decrease 252 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 168 Decrease 195 Decrease 199 Decrease 238 Increase
 Vinnytsia Oblast 166 Decrease 186 Increase 148 Decrease 149 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 165 Decrease 188 Decrease 199 Decrease 252 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 154 Decrease 169 Decrease 182 Increase 174 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 147 Decrease 156 Decrease 158 Decrease 164 Increase
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 134 Increase 89 Decrease 109 Decrease 174 Increase
 Zhytomyr Oblast 124 Decrease 134 Decrease 135 Increase 127 Increase
 Cherkasy Oblast 122 Increase 101 Decrease 125 Decrease 132 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 119 Decrease 143 Increase 140 Decrease 146 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 109 Decrease 145 Decrease 170 Increase 157 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 106 Decrease 116 Decrease 123 Increase 118 Increase
 Kirovohrad Oblast 103 Decrease 139 Increase 112 Decrease 119 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 100 Decrease 120 Increase 116 Decrease 136 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 97 Steady 97 Decrease 104 Decrease 112 Increase
 Ternopil Oblast 97 Increase 96 Decrease 98 Increase 93 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 94 Increase 80 Decrease 82 Decrease 103 Increase
 Chernivtsi Oblast 92 Decrease 96 Increase 90 Decrease 91 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 85 Decrease 86 Decrease 87 Decrease 105 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 76 Decrease 78 Decrease 97 Increase 91 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 23 Decrease 39 Increase 36 Increase 34 Increase
Infant mortality per 1000 by Oblast Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009
 Donetsk Oblast 12,7 Increase 11,4 Decrease 12,0 Decrease 12,3 Increase
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 10,0 Increase 9,5 Decrease 9,7 Increase 8,8 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 9,6 Increase 8,1 Decrease 10,0 Decrease 10,5 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 9,4 Decrease 13,2 Increase 10,6 Decrease 10,9 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 9,2 Increase 7,9 Decrease 8,1 Decrease 9,9 Increase
 Vinnytsia Oblast 9,1 Decrease 10,4 Increase 8,4 Decrease 8,3 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 9,0 Increase 6,2 Decrease 7,5 Decrease 11,8 Increase
 Zakarpattia Oblast 8,9 Decrease 10,6 Decrease 10,9 Decrease 13,1 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 8,8 Decrease 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 9,7 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 8,8 Decrease 9,1 Increase 8,8 Decrease 8,9 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 8,2 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 10,1 Increase 9,4 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 8,1 Decrease 8,9 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 9,4 Increase
 Kherson Oblast 8,0 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,4 Decrease 11,0 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 8,0 Decrease 8,9 Decrease 9,1 Increase 8,5 Increase
 Chernivtsi Oblast 8,0 Decrease 8,5 Increase 8,2 Steady 8,2 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 8,0 Steady 8,0 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,5 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 7,8 Decrease 9,4 Increase 9,2 Decrease 8,0 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 7,8 Decrease 8,0 Increase 7,3 Decrease 7,5 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 7,6 Decrease 8,8 Decrease 9,4 Decrease 11,6 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 7,5 Decrease 8,9 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 9,3 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 7,3 Decrease 7,5 Decrease 8,1 Decrease 8,5 Increase
 Volyn Oblast 7,0 Decrease 7,9 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,7 Increase
 Sumy Oblast 6,9 Decrease 7,5 Decrease 9,3 Increase 8,5 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 6,4 Decrease 8,8 Increase 10,3 Increase 9,1 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 5,8 Decrease 6,1 Steady 6,1 Decrease 7,1 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 5,7 Decrease 7,2 Increase 7,0 Decrease 7,1 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 5,1 Decrease 9,2 Increase 8,6 Increase 8,0 Increase

Life expectancy at birth

Life expectancy at birth in Ukraine by oblast in 2012
  • total population: 71.15= Increase years
  • male: 66.11= Increase years
  • female: 76.02= Increase years (2012 official.)

Total fertility rate

6.00 Decrease children born/woman (1913 est.)

5.39 Decrease children born/woman (1925 est.)

1,08 Decrease children born/woman (2001)

1.46 Increase children born/woman (2011)

1.53 Increase children born/woman (2012)

In 2001 Ukraine recorded the lowest fertility rate ever recorded in Europe for an independent country: 1.08 child/woman. During this year the number of children born was less than half of that born in 1987. Lower rates were recorded only in former East Germany, which registered 0.77 child/woman in 1994, as well as Taiwan (from 2008 to 2010), and both Hong Kong and Macau (from about 2000 to 2010). After neglect by the Kuchma administration, both the Yushchenko and the Yanukovych governments have made increasing the birth rate a priority.

Total Fertility Rate by oblast

Fertility rate in Ukraine by oblast in 2011

Although none of the oblasts in 2012 has recorded a higher fertility rate 2.10 children per woman. However, the rate has been in rural areas in the Rivne Oblast (2.65), Volyn Oblast (2.30) and the Odessa Oblast (2.14). While a very close generational renewal rate was achieved in the Zakarpattia Oblast (2.01), Mykolaiv Oblast (1.98), Zhytomyr Oblast (1.96) and Chernivtsi Oblast (1.95) weaker when they have been recorded in the Luhansk oblast (1.49), Sumy oblast (1.54) and Donetsk Oblast (1,60).

The fertility rate of the highest urban areas were recorded in the Zakarpattia Oblast (1.85), the city of Sevastopol (1.62) and the Volyn Oblast (1,61). The lowest rates were recorded in the Kharkiv Oblast (1.25), Chernihiv Oblast (1.27), Chernivtsi Oblast (1.28), Poltava oblast (1.28), Sumy oblast (1.28), Cherkasy oblast (1.30), Luhansk oblast (1.31) and Donetsk Oblast (1,32).

Children Born Per Woman by Oblast Total Fertility Rate/2012 Total Fertility Rate/2011 Total Fertility Rate/2010 Total Fertility Rate/2009
 Rivne Oblast 2,08 Increase 1,99 Increase 1,93 Increase 1,92 Increase
 Zakarpattia Oblast 1,95 Increase 1,90 Increase 1,83 Steady 1,83 Increase
 Volyn Oblast 1,92 Increase 1,81 Decrease 1,85 Decrease 1,88 Increase
 Zhytomyr Oblast 1,71 Increase 1,65 Increase 1,61 Increase 1,60 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 1,71 Increase 1,62 Increase 1,58 Steady 1,58 Increase
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 1,68 Increase 1,56 Increase 1,55 Steady 1,55 Increase
 Kiev Oblast 1,67 Increase 1,58 Steady 1,58 Decrease 1,59 Increase
 Chernivtsi Oblast 1,64 Increase 1,58 Increase 1,53 Steady 1,53 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 1,63 Increase 1,55 Decrease 1,58 Decrease 1,60 Increase
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 1,62 Increase 1,56 Increase 1,55 Decrease 1,56 Increase
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 1,62 Increase 1,47 Increase 1,45 Steady 1,45 Increase
 Kherson Oblast 1,61 Increase 1,51 Steady 1,51 Increase 1,50 Increase
 Kirovohrad Oblast 1,61 Increase 1,51 Increase 1,50 Increase 1,49 Increase
 Vinnytsia Oblast 1,59 Increase 1,53 Increase 1,50 Decrease 1,51 Increase
 Lviv Oblast 1,58 Increase 1,49 Decrease 1,50 Decrease 1,51 Increase
 Mykolaiv Oblast 1,57 Increase 1,47 Increase 1,44 Decrease 1,45 Increase
 Ukraine 1,53 Increase 1,46 Increase 1,45 Decrease 1,46 Steady
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 1,52 Increase 1,44 Increase 1,43 Decrease 1,45 Increase
 Ternopil Oblast 1,50 Increase 1,45 Decrease 1,46 Decrease 1,48 Increase
 Zaporizhia Oblast 1,46 Increase 1,37 Increase 1,34 Decrease 1,36 Increase
 Cherkasy Oblast 1,43 Increase 1,37 Increase 1,36 Increase 1,35 Increase
 Poltava Oblast 1,41 Increase 1,33 Decrease 1,34 Increase 1,35 Increase
 Chernihiv Oblast 1,40 Increase 1,36 Steady 1,36 Increase 1,34 Increase
Kiev Kyiv City 1,38 Increase 1,29 Decrease 1,30 Steady 1,30 Increase
 Sumy Oblast 1,36 Increase 1,25 Increase 1,23 Decrease 1,24 Increase
 Donetsk Oblast 1,34 Increase 1,27 Increase 1,26 Decrease 1,29 Increase
 Luhansk Oblast 1,33 Increase 1,27 Increase 1,23 Decrease 1,25 Increase
 Kharkiv Oblast 1,32 Increase 1,25 Increase 1,24 Decrease 1,25 Increase

Statistic rate of regional capitals

Birth rate in

regional centers

Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Birth/2010 Birth/2009 Birth/2007 Birth/2005 Birth/2003
Simferopol 13,6 Increase 12,8 Increase 11,8 Steady 11,8 Increase 11,0 Increase 9,5 Increase 9,2 Increase
Lutsk 12,6 Increase 12,3 Decrease 12,6 Decrease 13,9 Increase 12,6 Increase 11,7 Increase 10,0 Increase
Rivne 12,6 Increase 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,3 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,1 Decrease 9,4 Increase
Uzhhorod 12,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease 12,0 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,8 Increase 12,6 Increase 10,8 Decrease
Kiev 12,0 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Decrease 11,7 Increase 10,4 Increase 9,8 Increase 8,8 Increase
Khmelnytskyi 12,0 Increase 11,2 Decrease 11,8 Increase 11,5 Increase 10,4 Steady 10,2 Increase 9,2 Increase
Sevastopol 12,0 Increase 11,1 Increase 11,0 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,5 Increase 9,6 Increase 8,7 Increase
Kherson 11,9 Increase 11,1 Increase 10,1 Increase 10,5 Increase 9,6 Steady 8,6 Decrease 8,5 Increase
Ternopil 11,8 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,7 Decrease 12,3 Increase 11,9 Increase 11,6 Increase 10,4 Increase
Ivano-Frankivsk 11,6 Steady 11,6 Increase 10,1 Decrease 10,8 Decrease 11,3 Increase 10,7 Increase 9,3 Increase
Vinnytsia 11,5 Increase 11,2 Increase 10,9 Decrease 11,1 Increase 10,1 Increase 9,4 Increase 9,1 Increase
Kirovohrad 11,5 Increase 11,1 Increase 10,5 Decrease 11,3 Decrease 10,5 Increase 8,9 Increase 8,4 Decrease
Zhytomyr 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Increase 10,8 Decrease 11,7 Increase 10,6 Increase 9,5 Increase 8,7 Increase }
Sumy 11,3 Increase 10,3 Increase 10,0 Decrease 10,3 Decrease 9,6 Increase 8,2 Increase 7,8 Increase
Lviv 11,0 Increase 10,4 Increase 10,0 Decrease 10,5 Increase 9,7 Increase 9,3 Decrease 9,0 Increase
Ukraine Urban 10,9 Increase 10,5 Increase 10,4 Decrease 10,8 Steady 9,9 Increase 8,9 Steady 8,3 Increase
Dnipropetrovsk 10,5 Increase 10,2 Increase 10,0 Decrease 10,5 Steady 9,4 Increase 8,5 Increase 7,9 Increase
Luhansk 10,5 Increase 9,8 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,4 Decrease 6,8 Increase
Chernivtsi 10,2 Decrease 10,3 Increase 10,1 Decrease 10,2 Decrease 9,2 Increase 9,6 Increase 8,3 Increase
Odessa 10,1 Increase 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease 9,9 Decrease 9,0 Increase 8,3 Increase 7,5 Decrease
Cherkassy 9,9 Increase 9,4 Steady 9,4 Steady 9,4 Decrease 8,7 Increase 7,8 Steady 7,4 Decrease
Poltava 9,9 Increase 9,1 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,7 Decrease 8,4 Increase 7,8 Increase 7,3 Increase
Zaporizhia 9,5 Increase 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 8,9 Increase 8,2 Increase 7,5 Decrease
Mykolaiv 9,4 Increase 9,3 Increase 9,1 Decrease 9,4 Decrease 8,7 Increase 8,0 Decrease 7,9 Increase
Chernihiv 9,3 Increase 9,2 Increase 9,1 Decrease 9,6 Steady 8,4 Increase 8,0 Increase 7,6 Increase
Kharkiv 9,2 Increase 8,9 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 8,4 Increase 7,6 Increase 7,1 Increase
Donetsk 9,1 Increase 8,7 Increase 8,6 Decrease 9,0 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,5 Increase 6,6 Increase
Death rate in

regional centers

Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009 Death/2007 Death/2005 Death/2003
Kherson 15,2 Decrease 15,6 Increase 14,0 Decrease 14,2 Decrease 14,9 Decrease 14,8 Decrease 14,5 Decrease
Luhansk 14,2 Decrease 14,3 Increase 13,6 Increase 13,4 Decrease 13,8 Decrease 14,2 Decrease 14,1 Increase
Simferopol 14,0 Decrease 14,8 Increase 13,6 Decrease 13,8 Decrease 15,3 Increase 15,3 Increase 15,2 Decrease
Sevastopol 13,7 Decrease 14,1 Decrease 14,7 Increase 14,5 Decrease 15,5 Increase 15,4 Increase 14,1 Increase
Kirovohrad 13,7 Steady 13,7 Decrease 13,8 Decrease 14,0 Decrease 14,4 Increase 14,1 Decrease 14,1 Increase
Dnipropetrovsk 13,5 Decrease 13,7 Decrease 14,1 Increase 13,8 Decrease 15,1 Decrease 15,1 Decrease 16,0 Decrease
Donetsk 13,4 Decrease 13,5 Decrease 14,0 Increase 13,9 Decrease 15,2 Decrease 15,4 Increase 14,7 Increase
Zaporizhia 13,2 Decrease 13,4 Decrease 14,2 Increase 13,8 Decrease 15,0 Increase 14,7 Increase 14,2 Decrease
Ukraine Urban 13,1 Steady 13,1 Decrease 13,7 Steady 13,7 Decrease 14,7 Increase 14,8 Increase 14,3 Increase
Mykolaiv 12,8 Steady 12,8 Decrease 13,8 Steady 13,8 Decrease 14,5 Decrease 14,5 Decrease 14,9 Increase
Poltava 12,8 Increase 12,6 Decrease 13,2 Increase 13,0 Decrease 13,7 Increase 13,6 Decrease 13,6 Increase
Sumy 12,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease 12,4 Decrease 12,6 Decrease 13,0 Decrease 13,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease
Kharkiv 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,2 Decrease 13,1 Increase 13,1 Increase 13,0 Decrease
Odessa 11,9 Decrease 12,2 Decrease 13,0 Increase 12,5 Decrease 13,9 Increase 14,1 Decrease 14,0 Decrease
Cherkassy 11,2 Increase 10,7 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,2 Decrease 11,7 Decrease 11,7 Increase 11,0 Decrease
Chernihiv 11,4 Increase 11,1 Decrease 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,5 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,0 Decrease
Lviv 11,0 Increase 10,8 Increase 10,5 Decrease 10,8 Decrease 11,5 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Increase
Zhytomyr 10,7 Decrease 10,9 Decrease 11,2 Increase 11,1 Decrease 12,0 Steady 12,2 Increase 11,4 Increase
Uzhhorod 10,3 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,5 Decrease 11,3 Decrease 12,0 Decrease 12,4 Increase 10,3 Increase
Kiev 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease 10,3 Increase 10,2 Decrease 11,4 Increase 11,2 Increase 10,7 Increase
Lutsk 9,6 Increase 9,4 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,1 Decrease 10,4 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,5 Increase
Chernivtsi 9,5 Increase 9,4 Decrease 9,9 Decrease 10,3 Decrease 11,0 Decrease 11,0 Increase 10,8 Increase
Khmelnytskyi 9,4 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,0 Decrease 9,5 Increase 9,8 Decrease 9,8 Increase 9,2 Increase
Vinnytsia 9,1 Increase 9,0 Decrease 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 10,2 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,0 Increase
Ivano-Frankivsk 9,1 Increase 8,7 Increase 8,2 Decrease 8,5 Decrease 9,1 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 9,3 Increase
Ternopil 8,1 Increase 7,6 Decrease 8,1 Increase 7,7 Decrease 8,5 Decrease 8,5 Increase 7,7 Decrease
Rivne 7,9 Increase 7,8 Decrease 8,7 Increase 8,6 Decrease 9,0 Increase 9,2 Increase 8,8 Decrease

HIV/AIDS

adult prevalence rate 1.46% (2006 est.)16

people living with HIV/AIDS 377,600 (2006 est.)16

deaths 20,000 (2003 est.)

Nationality

  • noun: Ukrainian(s)
  • adjective: Ukrainian

Religions

Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy 39.8%, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) 29.4%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church 14.1%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church 2.8%, Roman Catholic 1.7%, Protestant 2.4%, Islam 0.6%, Jewish 0.2%, other 2% (2008 est.)17

Languages

The majority language by city, town, and village councils according to 2001 census.
The most commons native languages in regions and the biggest cities according to the 2001 census (orange - Ukrainian, blue - Russian, dark green - Romanian, purple - Hungarian, light green - Moldovan, pink - Bulgarian)

Ukrainian 67%, Russian 30%, Crimean Tatar, Bulgarian-, Romanian Moldovan-, Polish-, Hungarian-, Rusyn-speaking minorities and small remnants of a Yiddish speaking group among the local Jews.vague The below table gives the total population of various ethnic groups in Ukraine and the primary language, according to the 2000 census.10

Primary language by ethnic group
Ethnic group Population Native Ukrainian Russian Other
Ukrainians 37,541,693 31,970,728 5,544,729 532
Russians 8,334,141 7,993,832 328,152 402
Belarusians 275,763 54,573 48,202 172,251
Moldovans 258,619 181,124 27,775 45,607 22
Crimean Tatars 248,193 228,373 184 15,208 43
Bulgarians 204,574 131,237 10,277 62,067 9
Hungarians 156,566 149,431 5,367 1,513 14
Romanians 150,989 138,522 9,367 2,297 4
Poles 144,130 18,660 102,268 22,495 390
Jews 103,591 3,213 13,924 85,964 16
Armenians 99,894 50,363 5,798 43,105 11
Greeks 91,548 5,829 4,359 80,992 9
Tatars 73,304 25,770 3,310 43,060 6
Romani people 47,587 21,266 10,039 6,378 6
Azerbaijanis 45,176 23,958 3,224 16,968 36
Georgians 34,199 12,539 2,818 18,589 15
Germans 33,302 4,056 7,360 21,549 20
Gagauzs 31,923 22,822 1,102 7,232 2
Koreans 12,711 2,223 700 9,662 0
Uzbeks 12,353 3,604 1,818 5,996 0
Chuvash 10,593 2,268 564 7,636 1
Mordvinians 9,331 1,473 646 7,168 0
Turks 8,844 7,923 133 567 0
Lithuanians 7,207 1,932 1,029 4,182 4
Arabs 6,575 4,071 897 1,235 0
Slovaks 6,397 2,633 2,665 335 0
Czechs 5,917 1,190 2,503 2,144 2
Kazakhs 5,526 1,041 822 3,470 11
Latvians 5,079 957 872 3,188 1
Ossetians 4,834 1,150 401 3,110 4
Udmurts 4,712 729 380 3,515 0
Lezghinians 4,349 1,507 330 2,341 4
Tadjiks 4,255 1,521 488 1,983 0
Bashkirs 4,253 843 336 2,920 0
Mari people 4,130 1,059 264 2,758 7
Thai 3,850 3,641 29 164 0
Turkmens 3,709 719 1,079 1,392 0
Albanians 3,308 1,740 301 1,181 0
Assyrians 3,143 883 408 1,730 0
Chechens 2,877 1,581 212 977 0
Estonians 2,868 416 321 2,107 4
Chinese people 2,213 1,817 73 307 0
Kurds 2,088 1,173 236 396 0
Darghins 1,610 409 199 955 0
Komis 1,545 330 127 1,046 0
Karelians 1,522 96 145 1,244 1
Avars 1,496 582 121 761 0
Indo-Pakistanis 1,483 1,092 26 192 0
Abkhazians 1,458 317 268 797 0
Karaites 1,196 72 160 931 0
Komi-Permians 1,165 160 79 898 1
Kyrgyz people 1,128 208 221 617 19
Laks 1,019 199 271 514 13
Afghanis 1,008 551 60 213 0
other 3,228 1,027 144 790 0
NA 188,639 0 1,108 1,844 1
Native languages according to 2001 census
Ukrainianlang2001ua.PNG
Russianlang2001ua.PNG
Romanlang2001ua.PNG
Ukrainian Russian Romanian and Moldovan
Crimtatarlang2001ua.PNG
Bolgarianlang2001ua.PNG
Hungarianlang2001ua.PNG
Crimean-tatar Bulgarian Hungarian

Literacy

  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 99.3%
  • male: 99.7%
  • female: 99.2% (2001 census)

Regional differences

Regional differences in population change

Natural population growth rates by oblast (2009).

Between the Soviet census of 1989 and the Ukrainian census of 2001, Ukraine's population declined from 51,706,600 to 48,457,020,18 a loss of 2,926,700 people or 5.7% of the 1989 population. However, this trend has been quite uneven and varied regionally. Two regions in western Ukraine — Rivne and Zakarpattia, saw slight population increases of .3% and .5% respectively. A third western Ukrainian region, Volyn, lost less than .1% of its population between 1989 and 2001.18 Collectively, between 1989 and 2001 the seven westernmost regions of Ukraine lost 167,500 people or 1.7% of their 1989 population. The total population of these regions in 2001 was 9,593,800.18

Between 1989 and 2001, the population of Kiev City increased by .3% 18 due to positive net-migration.citation needed Outside the capital, the central, southern and eastern regions experienced a severe decline in population. Between 1989 and 2001, the Donetsk region lost 491,300 people or 9.2% of its 1989 population, and neighbouring Luhansk region lost 11% of its population.18 Chernihiv region, in central Ukraine northeast of Kiev, lost 170,600 people or 12% of its 1989 population, the highest percentage loss in of any region in Ukraine. In southern Ukraine, Odessa region lost 173,600 people, or 6.6% of its 1989 population. By 2001, Crimea's population declined by 29,900 people, representing only 1.4% of the 1989 population.18

However, this was due to the influx of approximately 200,000 Crimean Tatars – a number equivalent to approximately 10% of Crimea's 1989 population - who arrived in Crimea after 1989 and whose population in that region increased by a factor of 6.4 from 38,000 to 243,400 between 1989 and 2001.19 Collectively, the net population loss in the regions of Ukraine outside the westernmost regions was 2,759,200 people or 6.6% of the 1989 population. The total population of these regions in 2001 was 39,186,100.18

Thus, from 1989–2001 the pattern of population change was one of slight growth in Kiev, slight declines in western Ukraine, large declines in eastern, central and southern Ukraine and slight decline in Crimea due to a large influx of Crimean Tatars.

Natural population growth
NaturalGrowth2012.PNG
NaturalGrowth2009urban.PNG
NaturalGrowth2009rural.PNG
All population, 2012 Urban population, 2009 Rural population, 2009

Regional differences in birth and fertility rates

The birth rate in Ukraine, 2003.
The birth rate in Ukraine, 2010.

Ukraine's total fertility rate is one of the lowest in Europe.2021 However, significant regional differences in birth rates may account for some of the demographic differences. In the third quarter of 2007, for instance, the highest birth rate among Ukrainian regions occurred in Volyn Oblast, with a birth rate of 13.4/1,000 people, compared to the Ukrainian country-wide average of 9.6/1,000 people.22 Volyn's birthrate is higher than the average birth rate of any European country with the exceptions of Iceland and Albania.23

In 2007, for the first time since 1990, five Ukrainian regions (Zakarpattia Oblast, Rivne Oblast, Volyn Oblast, Lviv Oblast, and Kiev Oblast) experienced more births than deaths.24 This demonstrates a positive trend of increasing birthrates in the last couple of years throughout Ukraine. The ratio of births to deaths in those regions in 2007 was 119%, 117%, 110%, 100.7%, and 108%, respectively.24

With the exception of Kiev region, all of the regions with more births than deaths were in the less industrially developed regions of western Ukraine. According to a spokesperson for Ukraine's Ministry of Justice, the overall ratio of births to deaths in Ukraine had improved from 1 to 1.7 in 2004-2005 to 1 to 1.4 in 2008. However, the worst birth to death ratios in the country were in the eastern and central oblasts of Donetsk, Luhansk, Cherkasy and Poltava. In these regions, for every birth there were 2.1 deaths.25

Notably, western Ukraine never experienced the Holodomor, as Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania ruled it at the time, helping to explain the better demographics there, as the rural population was never devastated. Specifically, during the time of the Holodomor, Poland ruled Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Rivne, Ternopil, and Volyn Oblasts, whereas Zakarpattia Oblast was under Czechoslovak rule, and Romania controlled Chernivtsi Oblast and the Budjak section of Odessa Oblast.

Abortion behavior in the North, South, East and Center regions of Ukraine are relatively homogeneous while the Western region differs greatly. Overall, the abortion rate in western Ukraine is three times lower than in other regions; however this is not due to an increased use of modern contraceptive methods in the West, but simply due to the fact that pregnant women in the Western regions are more likely to keep their babies.26 Donetsk and Dniproptrovsk oblasts in eastern and central Ukraine have the country's highest rate of abortions.27

Regional differences and death rates and health

The death rate in Ukraine, 2010.

Death rates also vary widely by region; Eastern and southern Ukraine have the highest death rates in the country, and the life expectancy for children born in Chernigov, Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kherson, Kirovograd, Lugansk, Nikolaev, and Odessa regions is 1.5 years lower than the national average.28

Ukraine had a suicide rate of 29.6 per 100,000 population in 1998, a significant increase from the suicide rate of 19 per 100,000 in 1988. Suicides are more frequent in the industrially developed regions and in the rural areas of the country than in the cities; In western Ukraine, the suicide rate was lower than the national average at 11.1 per 100,000.29

The Southern and eastern Ukrainian regions also suffer from the highest rates of HIV and AIDS, which impacts life expectancy. In late 2000, 60% of all AIDS cases in Ukraine were concentrated in the Odessa, Dnipropetrovsk, and Donetsk regions.30 A major reason for this is the fact that the urbanized and industrialized regions in the East and South of Ukraine suffered most from the economic crisis in the 90s, which in turn led to the spread of unemployment, alcoholism, and drug abuse, thus setting the conditions for wider spread of the epidemic.31

Regional differences in income

In terms of income, the rural western and central regions of Ukraine are the poorest while Kiev and the industrialized eastern regions of Ukraine are the wealthiest. In December 2010 the average monthly income in Ukraine was 2629 hryvnias. The poorest regions in Ukraine, Volyn and Chernihiv, had monthly incomes of 1995 and 1951 hryvnias, respectively. In contrast, the monthly income in the city of Kiev was 4174 hryvnias per month, the city of Sevastopol 2712 hryvnias per month, and in Kiev region was 2647 per month. Outside of the capital and the city of Sevastopol, the wealthiest regions were Donetsk and Luhansk, whose monthly incomes were 2654 and 2631 hryvnias per month, respectively.32

In terms of poverty rates, the western and southern regions of Ukraine (particularly rural areas within those regions) have the country's highest poverty rates while Ukraine's eastern regions have the lowest poverty rates. In 2001, 39 percent of Ukraine's population could be defined as poor when the World Bank's poverty threshold of a dollar per day per capita was used. According to these standards, 49 percent of rural western Ukrainians and 45 percent of urban western Ukrainians were poor. In southern Ukraine, the percentages of poor were 51 and 40 percent, respectively. In contrast, 35% of urban and rural Ukrainians were poor based on per capita income less than one dollar per day in the regions of Eastern Ukraine. When poverty was measured according to the percentage of the population who spent 80% or more of their income on food, regional differences shrank somewhat. In the western regions of Ukraine, 28 percent of rural residents and 9 percent of urban residents spent 80% of their income or more on food. In Ukraine's eastern regions, 19 percent of rural and 11 percent of urban residents spent 80% or more of their income on food.33

Urbanization

UkraineUrbanization2010.PNG
UkraineDensity10.PNG
VillageMediumPopulatUa.PNG
Urbanization rate, 2011 Population density, 2011 Median population of rural settlements, 2011


Migration

Migration growth rate in 2012 (per 1000).

Ukraine is the major source of migrants in many of the European Union Member States. During the 1990s and early 2000s, Ukraine's sputtering economy and political instability contributed to rising emigration, especially to nearby Poland and Hungary, but also to other States such as Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Israel, Russia and Canada. Although estimates vary, approximately two to three million Ukrainian citizens are currently working abroad, most of them illegally, in construction, service, housekeeping, and agriculture industries.

Between 1991 and 2004, the government counted 2,537,400 individuals who emigrated; 1,897,500 moved to other post-Soviet states, and 639,900 moved to other, mainly Western, states.34

By the early 2000s, Ukrainian embassies reported that 300,000 Ukrainian citizens were working in Poland, 200,000 in Italy, approximately 200,000 in the Czech Republic, 150,000 in Portugal, 100,000 in Spain, 35,000 in Turkey, 20,000 in the United States and small significant numbers in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. The largest number of Ukrainian workers abroad, about one million, are in the Russian Federation. Since 1992, 232,072 persons born in Ukraine have emigrated to the US.

From the point of view of the economic impact on natives, more appropriate than the absolute numbers is the volume of immigration as a proportion of the native population. Excluding the Russian Federation, Portugal and the Czech Republic have the highest rate of Ukrainian emigrants as a proportion of the native population, while the much larger Italy has the largest absolute confirmed number of Ukrainian emigrants (leaving aside Poland, for which there is conflicting data).

See also

General:

References

  1. ^ Population census of Ukraine, 2001
  2. ^ "All-Ukrainian population census|". Ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  3. ^ Ukraine, Orest Subtelny, page 152, 2000
  4. ^ Brief description of Zenon Kuzela (Kuzelya) (English)
  5. ^ Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopedia Vol. 1, Book by Volodymyr Kubiyovych; University of Toronto Press, 1963
  6. ^ Posted availability of the book
  7. ^ Ukrainian death rates 1950-2008 Demoscope Retrieved on 12-14-09
  8. ^ Ukrainian birth rates 1950-2008 Demoscope Retrieved on 12-14-09, 2009
  9. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine Retrieved on 12-14-09
  10. ^ a b Population census 2001: Population by nationality
  11. ^ [1] United Nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  12. ^ [2] State Statistics Committee of Ukraine
  13. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine - Population, as of January 1, 2013. Average annual populations 2012
  14. ^