Demographics of Zambia

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Girl in a small village on the road between the town Kafue in the south and the capital city Lusaka – Zambia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Zambia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and others aspects of the population.

Zambia's population comprises more than 70 Bantu-speaking ethnic groups. Some ethnic groups are small, and only two have enough people to constitute at least 10% of the population. The majority of Zambians are subsistence farmers, but the country is also fairly urbanised, with 42% of the population being city residents. The predominant religion is a blend of traditional beliefs and Christianity.

Expatriates, mostly British or South African, as well as some white Zambian citizens (about 120,000), live mainly in Lusaka and in the Copperbelt in northern Zambia, where they are either employed in mines, financial and related activities or retired. Zambia also has a small but economically important Asian population, most of whom are Indians.

Population

Demographics of Zambia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 13 089 000 in 2010, compared to only 2 340 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 46.4%, 50.6% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.1% was 65 years or older.1

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0-14 (%) Population aged 15-64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 2 340 44.9 52.3 2.7
1955 2 653 44.7 52.7 9.9
1960 3 045 44.9 52.6 2.5
1965 3 537 45.2 52.2 2.6
1970 4 139 46.4 50.9 2.7
1975 4 900 47.0 50.3 2.7
1980 5 775 47.3 49.9 2.8
1985 6 785 46.6 50.6 2.8
1990 7 860 45.8 51.4 2.8
1995 8 919 45.3 51.8 2.9
2000 10 202 45.3 51.8 2.9
2005 11 462 45.9 51.0 3.0
2010 13 089 46.4 50.6 3.1

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Zambia not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. 1

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 117 000 54 000 63 000 46.8 21.7 25.1 6.75 148
1955-1960 136 000 57 000 78 000 47.6 20.1 27.5 6.90 137
1960-1965 160 000 62 000 98 000 48.6 18.8 29.8 7.15 127
1965-1970 189 000 68 000 121 000 49.3 17.7 31.6 7.40 118
1970-1975 219 000 72 000 147 000 48.5 16.0 32.5 7.43 107
1975-1980 254 000 79 000 174 000 47.5 14.9 32.6 7.38 100
1980-1985 283 000 91 000 192 000 45.1 14.4 30.6 6.95 99
1985-1990 322 000 113 000 209 000 44.0 15.4 28.6 6.66 103
1990-1995 365 000 151 000 214 000 43.5 18.0 25.5 6.30 107
1995-2000 427 000 187 000 240 000 44.6 19.6 25.1 6.20 105
2000-2005 480 000 212 000 269 000 44.4 19.6 24.8 6.10 103
2005-2010 547 000 204 000 342 000 44.5 16.7 27.9 6.20 95
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Median age

total: 17.2 years
male: 17.1 years
female: 17.3 years (2010 est.)
total: 16.46 years
male: 16.26 years
female: 16.67 years (2005 est.)
total: 16.5 years
male: 16.4 years
female: 16.6 years (2002)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 52.03 years
male: 50.81 years
female: 53.28 years (2010 est.)
total population: 39.7 years
male: 39.43 years
female: 39.98 years (2005 est.)
total population:37.24 years
male:37.08 years
female:37.41 years (2000 est.)

HIV/AIDS

adult prevalence rate

15.2% (2007 est.)
16.5% (2003 est.)
21.5% (2001 est.)

people living with HIV/AIDS

1.1 million (2007 est.)
920,000 (2003 est.)
1.2 million (2001 est.)

deaths

56,000 (2007 est.)
89,000 (2003 est.)
120,000 (2001 est.)

Nationality

noun:Zambian(s)
adjective:Zambian

Ethnic groups

African: 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups)
Other: 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans)

(2000 Census)

Religions

Christian 87%, Muslim and Hindu 1%, indigenous beliefs and other 12%2

Languages

English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonde, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages (Ambo - Aushi - Bisa - Chikunda - Cishinga - Chokwe - Gova - Ila - Inamwanga - Iwa - Kabende - Kosa - Kunda - Kwandi - Kwandu - Kwangwa - Lala - Lamba - Lenje - Leya - Lima - Liyuwa - Luano - Lucazi - Lumbu - Lundwe - Lungu - Lunda - Makoma - Mambwe - Mashasha - Mashi - Mbowe - Mbukushu - Mbumi - Mbunda - Mbwela - Mukulu - Mulonga - Ndembu - Ng'umbo - Nkoya - Nsenga - Nyengo - Nyiha - Sala - Seba - Senga - Shanjo - Shila - Simaa - Soli - Subiya - Swaka - Tabwa - Tambo - Toka - Totela - Tumbuka - Twa - Unga - Wandya - Yombe)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write English

total population: 80.6%
male: 86.8%
female: 74.8% (2003 est.)
total population: 78.2%
male: 85.6%
female: 71.3% (1995 est.)

References

See also








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