Denton County, Texas
|Denton County, Texas|
The new Denton County Courthouse, built 1998
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 11, 1846|
|• Total||958 sq mi (2,481 km2)|
|• Land||878.43 sq mi (2,275 km2)|
|• Water||74.55 sq mi (193 km2), 7.82%|
|• Density||754.3/sq mi (291/km²)|
|Congressional districts||26th, 24th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Denton County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 662,614.1 The county seat is Denton.2 Part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex (and including small parts of both cities), it is one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States.3 The county, which was named for John B. Denton, was established in 1846.
Before the arrival of white settlers, various Native American peoples, including the Kichai and the Lenape, infrequently populated the area.4 The area was settled by Peters Colony landowners in the early 1840s.5 Until the annexation of Texas, the area was considered part of Fannin County.6 On April 11, 1846, the First Texas Legislature established Denton County.7 The county was named for John B. Denton, who was killed while raiding a Native American village in Tarrant County in 1841.8 Originally, the county seat was set at Pickneyville. This was later changed to Alton, where the Old Alton Bridge currently stands, and then moved finally to Denton.
By 1860, the population of the county had increased to 5,031.9 On March 4, 1861, residents of the county narrowly voted for secession from the Union, with 331 votes cast for and 264 against.10 The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad reached Lewisville, located in the southern portion of the county, by the early 1880s.5 The Denton County Courthouse-on-the-Square was built in 1896, and today the building currently houses various government offices as well as a museum.11
|Climate chart (explanation)|
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 953 square miles (2,470 km2), of which 879 square miles (2,280 km2) is land and 74 square miles (190 km2) (7.8%) is water.13 Denton County is located in the northern part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, approximately 35 miles south of the border between Texas and Oklahoma.14 The largest body of water in Denton County is Lewisville Lake, which was formed in 1954 when the Garza–Little Elm Reservoir was merged with Lake Dallas. The county is on the western edge of the Eastern Cross Timbers and also encompasses parts of the Grand Prairie portion of the Texas blackland prairies. Portions of Denton County sit atop the Barnett Shale, a geological formation believed to contain large quantities of natural shale gas. Between 1995 and 2007, the number of natural gas wells in the county increased from 156 to 1,820, which has led to some controversy over the pollution resulting from hydraulic fracturing.15
- Cooke County (north)
- Grayson County (northeast)
- Collin County (east)
- Dallas County (southeast)
- Tarrant County (south)
- Wise County (west)
The northern intersection of Interstate 35 East and West, which branches the two portions of the highway towards Dallas and Fort Worth, is located in Denton County, in the city of Denton near the campus of the University of North Texas. In 1931, the paving of US Highway 77 through Lewisville, which connected Denton and Dallas, was finished.16 The entirety of Farm to Market Road 3040 is located in Denton County, running from its intersection with Farm to Market Road 2499 in Flower Mound to Hebron Parkway in Carrollton.
The Denton County Transportation Authority operates a bus service in the county that includes Denton, Lewisville, and Highland Village. It also operates the A-train, a commuter rail service that has terminals in Denton and Carrollton.
The following school districts lie entirely within Denton County:
- Argyle Independent School District
- Aubrey Independent School District
- Denton Independent School District
- Lake Dallas Independent School District
- Lewisville Independent School District
- Little Elm Independent School District
- Ponder Independent School District
- Sanger Independent School District
The following private educational institutions serve Denton County:
- Denton Calvary Academy
- Coram Deo Academy
- Lakeland Christian School
- Liberty Christian School
- Selwyn College Preparatory School
The following higher education institutions serve Denton County:
As of the 2010 United States Census,18 there were 662,614 people, 224,840 households and 256,139 housing units in the county. The population density was 754.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 75% White, 8.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 6.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.9% from two or more races. 18.2% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino origin.19 Denton County ranked twenty-ninth on the US Census Bureau's list of fastest growing counties between 2000 and 2007, with a 41.4% increase in population.3
† only a small part of the city extends into Denton County
Denton county, like most suburban counties in Texas, votes reliably for Republican candidates in statewide and national elections.
|United States presidential election, 2012: Denton County|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Census 2007.
- Bridges 1978, pp. 1–26.
- Odom 2010.
- Bates 1918, p. 2.
- Bolz & Bolz 2010, p. 7.
- Bates 1918, pp. 18–24.
- Hervey 2002, p. 9.
- Bridges 1978, p. 96.
- Bolz & Bolz 2010, p. 9.
- Weather 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Cowling 1936, p. 1.
- Sales 2007, pp. 4–5.
- Odom 1996, p. 69.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Quickfacts 2012.
- Bates, Edward (1918). History and Reminiscences of Denton County. Denton, Texas: McNitzky Printing Company. LCCN 19004337. OCLC 2133818. OL 23400877M.
- Bolz, Jim; Bolz, Tricia (2010). Denton County. Postcard History. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-8452-2. OCLC 620741494. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- Bridges, Clarence (1978). History of Denton, Texas From Its Beginning to 1960. Waco, Texas: Texian Press. ASIN B0006CU42G. OCLC 004235340. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- Cowling, Mary Jo (1936). Geography of Denton County. Dallas, Texas: Banks, Upshaw, and Company. ASIN B003F8JBE0. LCCN 36-15037 Check
|lccn=value (help). OCLC 2672035. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- Hervey, Hollace (2002). Historic Denton County: An Illustrated History. San Antonio, Texas: Historical Pub Network. ISBN 978-1-893619-07-4. LCCN 2002101353. OCLC 52948987. OL 3572319M. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Odom, E. Dale (1996). An Illustrated History of Denton County, Texas: From Peters Colony to Metroplex (First ed.). ISBN 0-9651324-0-4.
- Sales, Joshua (August 2007). Determining the Suitability of Functional Landscapes and Wildlife Corridors Utilizing Conservation GIS Methods in Denton County, Texas (M.S. thesis). University of North Texas. OCLC 191674292. Archived from the original on 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Texas Department of Transportation (2010) (PDF). Mapbook 450 (Map). 1:120,000. Texas County Map Book. p. 450. http://www.txdot.gov/travel/countymapbook2006/Pages/450.pdf. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Texas Department of Transportation (2010) (PDF). Mapbook 451 (Map). 1:120,000. Texas County Map Book. p. 451. http://www.txdot.gov/travel/countymapbook2006/Pages/451.pdf. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Texas Department of Transportation (2010) (PDF). Mapbook 480 (Map). 1:120,000. Texas County Map Book. p. 480. http://www.txdot.gov/travel/countymapbook2006/Pages/480.pdf. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Texas Department of Transportation (2010) (PDF). Mapbook 481 (Map). 1:120,000. Texas County Map Book. p. 481. http://www.txdot.gov/travel/countymapbook2006/Pages/481.pdf. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Odom, Dale (2010). "Denton County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- "Denton County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. 2012-01-31. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- "Table 8: Population Estimates for the 100 Fastest Growing U.S. Counties with 10,000 or More Population in 2007: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (XLS). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). TexasAlmanac.com. 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- "Monthly Averages for Denton, TX". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Denton County, Texas.|
- Denton County government's website
- Headlines about Denton County from The Dallas Morning News
- Denton County entry in the Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Denton County Texas Almanac Page
- Historic Denton County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
- Captain John B. Denton, preacher, lawyer and soldier. His life and times in Tennessee, Arkansas and Texas by Wm. Allen., published 1905, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
- A Guide to Things to Do and See in Denton County
- Denton County on DentonWiki
||Cooke County||Grayson County|
|Wise County||Collin County|
|Tarrant County||Dallas County|