|Los Angeles Dodgers – New York Yankees|
|First meeting||October 1, 1941|
|Location||Yankee Stadium (I)|
|Last meeting||July 31, 2013|
|Number of meetings||75|
|Regular season series||5–5 Tied|
|Largest victory||NYY 12–2 (October 15, 1978)|
|Current streak||NYY – 1|
|Longest Dodgers win streak||5 (1981–2004)|
|Longest Yankees win streak||6 (1978–1981)|
|1941 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–1|
|1947 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–3|
|1949 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–1|
|1952 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–3|
|1953 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–1|
|1955 World Series||Dodgers defeat Yankees, 4–3|
|1956 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–3|
|1963 World Series||Dodgers defeat Yankees, 4–0|
|1977 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–2|
|1978 World Series||Yankees defeat Dodgers, 4–2|
|1981 World Series||Dodgers defeat Yankees, 4–2|
The Dodgers–Yankees rivalry is one of the most well-known rivalries in Major League Baseball.1 The two teams have met 11 times in the World Series, more times than any other pair of teams from the American and National Leagues.1 The initial significance was embodied in the two teams' proximity in New York City, when the Dodgers initially played in Brooklyn. After the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles in 1958, the rivalry retained its significance as the two teams represented the dominant cities on each coast of the United States, and since the 1980s, the two largest cities in the United States.
Although the rivalry's significance arose from the two teams' numerous World Series meetings,1 the Yankees and Dodgers have not met in the World Series since 1981.1 They would not play each other in a non-exhibition game until 2004, when they played a 3-game interleague series.2 Their last meeting was on July 31, 2013.
- 1 While in New York
- 2 Dodgers move to Los Angeles
- 3 World Series appearances in the 1970s and 1981
- 4 Rivalry in the 21st Century
- 5 See also
- 6 References
At the dawn of the 20th century, the American League was in its infancy, and one of its charter franchises (which would eventually become the Yankees) was the original Baltimore Orioles. The league, however, recognized that it required a presence in New York City, the country's largest market, in order to survive. Hence, it moved the Orioles to New York, which was already the home of two National League franchises, the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants. The new team was eventually called the New York Highlanders due to their home field being Hilltop Park from 1903-1912.
After the Highlanders allowed the Giants to play at Hilltop Park when the latter's home stadium, the Polo Grounds, was undergoing reconstruction from a fire, the Giants invited the Highlanders to share the Polo Grounds with them. Since the Highlanders were no longer playing at higher elevations, they changed their name to the New York Yankees. The Dodgers also opened up their new field, Ebbets Field, in Brooklyn. Their opening game at the stadium was an exhibition game against the Highlanders on April 5, 1913 where future Yankee manager Casey Stengel had the game-winning hit for the Dodgers. The Highlanders would officially be called the Yankees later that year.
In 1921, the Giants gave the Yankees an eviction notice due to several factors, including jealousy over the Yankees bringing in more crowds than the Giants; Giants manager John McGraw preferring the dead ball era strategy over the slugging strategy of the Yankees as personified by Babe Ruth; and the 1921 World Series match-up between the two teams. That World Series became the first Subway Series, as match-ups between the Dodgers and the Giants were not referred to as Subway Series. After losing to the Giants again the following year, the Yankees moved across the Harlem River to the old Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, where they captured their first ever World Series from the Giants in 1923.
The rivalry between the Yankees and Brooklyn Dodgers began when the teams first met in the 1941 World Series. In Game 4, the Dodgers led by three runs going to the top of the ninth inning and wound up getting all three outs to still lose the game. The Yankees' Tommy Henrich swung and missed with two strikes, but Dodger catcher Mickey Owen failed to hold on to the ball, allowing Henrich to reach first base. Owen recollected the incident:
"It was a great breaking curve that I should have had, but I guess the ball hit the side of my glove. It got away from me, and by the time I got hold of it, near the corner of the Brooklyn dugout, I couldn't have thrown anybody out at first."3
Joe DiMaggio followed Henrich's at bat with a single before Charlie Keller hit a double to drive in both Henrich and DiMaggio. Bill Dickey followed with a walk and scored along with Keller on a Joe Gordon double to make the final score 7-4. The Yankees would go on to clinch the first series match-up between the two teams in the start of what would become a long-lasting rivalry.
Six years later, the 1947 World Series had a dramatic moment in Game 6. The Dodgers' Al Gionfriddo was placed in left field for defensive purposes and robbed Joe DiMaggio of a game-tying three-run home run. DiMaggio was visibly disgusted by the outcome of the play when rounding the bases in one of the few emotional displays of his career. The Dodgers won the game and forced a do-or-die Game 7, only to fall.
Dazzling defensive plays would be seen again, this time by the Yankees in the 1952 contest, as Billy Martin came outside the camera coverage area to catch a pop-fly after Brooklyn had threatened to take the lead in Game 7. Martin would go on to be the hero once more in the 1953 series with a series record 12 hits, including the winning hit of the series-clinching game off of Clem Labine.
Brooklyn signed Jackie Robinson to not only break the color line, but to bolster the lineup. Robinson, along with outfielder Duke Snider and pitcher Don Newcombe, sparked Brooklyn to four National League pennants between 1947 and 1953. Each and every time during this period, however, the World Series ended in heartbreak for the Dodgers and gave the Dodger fans their rallying cry: "Wait 'til next year!"4
During the 1953 World Series, long time Dodgers announcer Red Barber refused to man the broadcast booth due to a compensation dispute with Gillette. Barber jumped ship to the Yankees and joined Mel Allen to call the games for the Yankees. Struggling to find a replacement, the Dodgers gave the call to a 25 year old named Vin Scully, the youngest man to ever call a World Series game for a major network. Scully would go on to continue as a Dodgers broadcaster for another 6 decades.
Finally, in 1955 the Dodgers reversed matters, prevailing over the Yankees in seven games to win their only World Series in Brooklyn. Thus, came the slogan, This IS next year.
Brooklyn fell short of repeating the next season, falling in seven games to the Yankees. That year's team suffered some ignominy in being on the losing end of Don Larsen's perfect game in Game 5, which was the first of only two no-hitters ever pitched in postseason play and the only in the history of the World Series.
In both the 1955 and 1956 World Series, the home team won the first six games of the World Series, but lost Game 7. It would not be until 1987 when the home team won all seven games of a World Series.5 However, the Yankees would meet the unfortunate fate of being the first American League team to lose a World Series in which the home team won all seven games, in 2001.56
The 1956 World Series would be the last Subway Series of the 1900s and the last to include one of the National League's charter franchises.
After the Dodgers' move to Los Angeles for the 1958 season, it would take them two dominating pitchers (Sandy Koufax and Don Drysdale), a speedy shortstop (Maury Wills) and a great outfielder (Tommy Davis) to spark them to a pennant in 1963. They swept the aging Yankees (consisting of Mickey Mantle, Roger Maris, and Whitey Ford) in four straight games to win their second World Series since moving to Los Angeles, having won in 1959, with the Bronx Bombers not taking a single lead against the powerful Los Angeles pitching staff in the entire series.
After 14 years, sophomore manager Tommy Lasorda led a young Dodgers team to the 1977 World Series where they faced Billy Martin and the Yankees. The two managers were involved in a fist fight during the 1956 season while playing for the two teams they were now managing.7 The Yankees were coming off a controversy ridden season. Furious at their loss to The Big Red Machine in the 1976 World Series, owner George Steinbrenner had signed slugger Reggie Jackson to the team. Jackson immediately created friction in the clubhouse between himself and Bill Martin as well as captain Thurman Munson, the defending AL MVP. New York City itself was going through a financial crisis under Mayor Abraham Beame and experienced the Son of Sam and a major blackout, all chronicled in The Bronx is Burning. Despite the controversy, the Yankees managed to play together and win the pennant to face the Dodgers in the World Series.
The Dodgers featured an infield of Steve Garvey at first, Davey Lopes at second, Ron Cey at third, and Bill Russell at shortstop, in addition to slugger Reggie Smith, and pitching duo (Don Sutton and Tommy John). In addition to Jackson and Munson, the Yankees had Bucky Dent and Graig Nettles, Cy Young Award-winning closer Sparky Lyle, young pitcher Ron Guidry, and speedsters Willie Randolph and Mickey Rivers. The Dodgers appeared primed to win the Series, but Reggie Jackson put on his "Mr. October" show as he hit three home runs in Game 6 off of 3 pitches to lead the Yanks to their first World Series championship since 1962.
The next season, the Yankees won their division in thrilling fashion, thanks in large part to a timely home run from Bucky Dent in a one-game playoff against the Boston Red Sox. They went to the World Series for the third straight year where they faced the Dodgers for the second straight year. The Dodgers won the first two games of the Series thanks to rookie pitcher Bob Welch, but New York won the next four to take the 75th Fall Classic.
In 1981, the fortunes turned in LA's favor, as rookie pitcher Fernando Valenzuela won National League Rookie of the Year and Cy Young Award honors. But the Yankees had American League Rookie of the Year Dave Righetti (who was traded from the Rangers in exchange for Lyle) and daunting 1-2 relief punch of set-up man Ron Davis and closer Rich Gossage. The Yankees won the first two contests, but LA won the next four to claim their first World Series title since 1965.8 Fallout from the series would eventually have Reggie Jackson be controversially dismissed a bit later and owner George Steinbrenner to start a public feud with Dave Winfield, who had a dismal performance in the series.9 After the series ended, Steinbrenner issued a public apology to the City of New York for his team's performance, while at the same time assuring the fans that plans to put the team together for 1982 would begin immediately.1011 The Yankee owner was criticized heartily by players and press alike for doing so, as most people felt losing in the World Series was not something that needed to be apologized for.12
This led to the Yankees not winning a World Series in the 1980s, the only decade they would not have won a championship since moving to the Bronx.91314 In contrast, the Dodgers were able to defeat the Oakland Athletics in the 1988 World Series (their only World Series appearance since).1516 It would be their last post-season meeting to date and the last time ever the Dodgers visited the old Yankee Stadium.
After 23 years of not facing the Yankees, LA hosted an interleague weekend series in June 2004 where they took two out of three contests. One ending had closer Éric Gagné strike out Bernie Williams for the final out. The third and final game was the ESPN Sunday Night game that weekend.
The rivalry was renewed when Joe Torre, who led the Yankees to four World Series championships, accepted a three year, $13 million contract to manage the Dodgers on November 1, 2007.17 He also brought along former Yankee first baseman Don Mattingly and Larry Bowa to his coaching staff. Coaches Rick Honeycutt and Mariano Duncan each played for both teams. Torre and left fielder Manny Ramirez, who had been a part of the fierce Yankees–Red Sox rivalry before being traded to the Dodgers mid-season, led the Dodgers to the 2008 West Division Pennant. The Yankees failed to make the 2008 Postseason, ending their 13-year consecutive postseason appearance streak with 12 of which were under Torre's.
In 2009, Torre co-authored a book, The Yankee Years, about his time in New York that criticized principal owner George Steinbrenner and third baseman Alex Rodriguez.1 The book cited that the term "A-Fraud" was used as a name for Alex Rodriguez's common nickname "A-Rod." The book specifically stated on p 245:
“Back in 2004, at first Rodriguez did his best to try to fit into the Yankee culture – his cloying, B-grade actor best. He slathered on the polish. People in the clubhouse, including teammates and support personnel, were calling him ‘A-Fraud’ behind his back.”
Torre would later explain the comments as being jestful and in good humor by Torre and Larry Bowa with Rodriguez.18
Both teams made it to the playoffs that year, but the Dodgers lost in the NLCS for the second straight year to the defending champion Philadelphia Phillies, whom the Dodgers beat in the NLCS in 1977 and 1978 before losing to the Yankees in the World Series in both years, who would lose to the Yankees in the World Series, giving New York their first championship since Torre left as manager.
The Yankees and Dodgers met again at Dodger Stadium for an interleague series from June 25–27, 2010.1 Joe Torre and Don Mattingly played against the Yankees, who won the series two games to one, for the first time since joining the Dodgers and Torre's first meeting with Rodriguez since the writing of Torre's book.1920
Mattingly succeeded Torre as manager of the Dodgers after the 2010 season.2122 Since interleague play was introduced, the Yankees had yet to host a regular-season interleague series against the Dodgers. The Dodgers never played a regular season series at the original Yankee Stadium. The teams finally met up during the 2013 season.23 The double header of June 19 was not just the Dodgers return to the Bronx after a long absence as it was also Mattingly's first return to the Bronx since he became Dodger manager (excluding Mattingly's visit to new Yankee Stadium on the night they honored George Steinbrenner with a monument in Monument Park).24 Former Dodger pitcher Hiroki Kuroda won the first game for the Yankees while the Dodgers rebounded in the night cap behind the pitching of Chris Capuano. The two then split a 2 game series at Dodger stadium.
- Nightengale, Bob (June 25, 2010). "Oscars of interleague: Stars coming out for Yankees-Dodgers". USA Today. p. 4C.
- Antonen, Mel (June 18, 2004). "Dodgers play host to Yankees in classic old-rivalry series". USA Today. p. 1C.
- Schwartz, Larry (November 19, 2003). "Great Subway Series moments". ESPN Classic. ESPN Internet Ventures.
- Swan, Lisa. "Who's a Bum? For Once, the Yanks". New York: www.nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2 August 2010.dead link
- Walker, Ben (November 5, 2001). "Diamondbacks 3, Yankees 2". Associated Press. "The other two all-home victory Series were both won by Minnesota, 1987 and 1991."
- Olney, Buster (November 5, 2001). "In Final Twist, New York Falls in Ninth". New York Times. p. A1.
- "Video". CNN. September 30, 1985.
- Chass, Murray (October 29, 1981). "Dodgers Beat Yanks, 9-2, To Win the World Series". New York Times. p. A1.
- Curry, Jack (August 7, 1994). "Flashback to '81: Another Lead, Another Strike". The New York Times. p. A1.
- Associated Press (October 29, 1981). "Steinbrenner Makes an Apology to the Fans for How Yankees Played". Los Angeles Times. p. G1.
- Gross, Jane (October 29, 1981). "Steinbrenner Issues an Apology to Fans". New York Times. p. B13.
- Anderson, Dave (October 26, 2003). "Yanks Are Now 0-4 on the Brink at the Stadium". New York Times. p. 8.4.
- Costello, Brian (August 8, 2004). "'94 Yanks Cut Short". New York Post. p. 58.
- Amore, Dom (May 15, 2005). "Imagine: Buck's Yankees, But Not Jeter's". The Hartford Courant. p. E8.
- "The Impossible Dream: Dodgers World Champs!". Los Angeles Times. October 21, 1988. p. 1.
- McManis, Sam (October 21, 1988). "It's a Title Out of the Blue". Los Angeles Times. p. 1.
- Associated Press (November 1, 2007). "Torre succeeds Little as Dodgers manager". ESPN.com.
- Kepner, Tyler (February 4, 2009). "Torre Tries to Spin ‘A-Fraud' Controversy". The New York Times.
- Shpigel, Ben (June 28, 2010). "The Yankees Rally to Tie and Homer to Win". New York Times. p. D1.
- Costa, Brian (June 28, 2010). "Mattingly Refuses to Play the What-If Game". Wall Street Journal. p. A30.
- Gurnick, Ken (September 17, 2010). "Mattingly to replace Torre as Dodgers' skipper". MLB.com. dodgers.com.
- Hernandez, Dylan (September 18, 2010). "Dodgers: Changing of the Guard; Torre Out, Mattingly in As Dodgers Manager". Los Angeles Times. p. C1.
- "Dodgers Schedule (June 2013)". Mlb.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "Joe Torre, Don Mattingly Among Those To Honor George Steinbrenner Tonight". bleacherreport.com. Bleacher Report. Retrieved 12 October 2013.