Don Zimmer

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Don Zimmer
Don Zimmer 2009.jpg
Zimmer with the Rays in 2009.
Tampa Bay Rays – No. 65
Infielder / Manager / Coach
Born: (1931-01-17) January 17, 1931 (age 83)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 2, 1954 for the Brooklyn Dodgers
Last MLB appearance
October 2, 1965 for the Washington Senators
Career statistics
Batting average .235
Home runs 91
Runs batted in 352

As Player

As Manager

As Coach

Career highlights and awards

Donald William Zimmer (born January 17, 1931, in Cincinnati, Ohio) is a former infielder, manager, and coach in Major League Baseball (MLB), currently serving as a senior advisor to the Tampa Bay Rays baseball organization. Zimmer has been involved in professional baseball since 1949.

Zimmer signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers as an amateur free agent in 1949. He played in MLB with the Dodgers (1954–1959, 1963), Chicago Cubs (1960–1961), New York Mets (1962), Cincinnati Reds (1962), and Washington Senators (1963–1965). He also played for the Toei Flyers of Nippon Professional Baseball in 1966. Zimmer also saw action in the Latin American winter baseball leagues, specifically in Cuba with the Tigres de Marianao and a team in Cienfuegos, Mexico and Puerto Rico. Zimmer was nicknamed "El Galleguito" (The Gallegan) in Cuba and "El Soldadito" (The small soldier) in Mexico and Puerto Rico. During one Cuban league game on July 7, 1953, Zimmer was struck by a pitch thrown by pitcher Jim Kirk, causing Zimmer to faint. He suffered a brain injury and coagulant, which required surgery. He woke up two weeks later, thinking that it was the day after the game where the incident took place. This led to Major League Baseball adopting batting helmets as a safety measure to be used by players when at-bat. Phil Rizzuto was the first player to use the batting helmets. 1 (in Spanish)

Following his retirement as a player, Zimmer began his coaching career. He worked in minor league baseball, before coaching the Montreal Expos (1971), San Diego Padres (1972), Boston Red Sox (1974–1976, 1992) New York Yankees (1983, 1986, 1996–2003), Cubs (1984–1986), San Francisco Giants (1987), Colorado Rockies (1993–1995), and Tampa Bay Devil Rays / Rays (2004–present). He served as manager for the Padres (1972–1973), Red Sox (1976–1980), Texas Rangers (1981–1982), and Cubs (1988–1991).

Playing career

Zimmer, nicknamed "Zim" and sometimes "Popeye" because of his facial resemblance to the cartoon character,2 began his career in 1949 with the Cambridge Dodgers of the Class-D Eastern Shore League. He then played with the Hornell Dodgers of the Class-D PONY League in 1950, the Elmira Pioneers of the Single-A Eastern League in 1951, the Mobile Bears of the Double-A Southern League in 1952, and the St. Paul Saints of the Triple-A American Association in 1953 and 1954. Zimmer nearly died after being hit with a pitch in the temple while with St. Paul in 1953. He was not fully conscious for 13 days, during which holes were drilled in his skull to relieve the pressure of swelling. His vision was blurred, he could neither walk nor talk and his weight plunged from 170 to 124. He was told his career was finished at age 22.

Zimmer made it to the major leagues with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1954. Beginning in 1954, his career included 12 seasons in the big leagues. He was a utility infielder with the 1955 World Series champion Brooklyn Dodgers, and with the 1962 New York Mets, who lost a record 120 games.

Zimmer was beaned again in 1956 when a Cincinnati Reds fastball broke his cheekbone, but he persevered. Because of these beanings, it has been widely reported that he had a surgically implanted steel plate in his head.3 This rumor is false, although the holes drilled in the surgeries following the 1953 beanball were later filled with four tantalum metal corkscrew-shaped "buttons."4

Zimmer shaving in an old commercial for Gillette Razors.

In the major leagues, Zimmer remained with the Los Angeles Dodgers after their move west in 1958. In 1960, the Dodgers traded Zimmer to the Chicago Cubs for Johnny Goryl, Ron Perranoski, Lee Handley and $25,000. After the 1961 season, the expansion New York Mets chose Zimmer from the Cubs as the fifth pick in the premium phase of the 1961 Major League Baseball expansion draft, costing the Mets $125,000. In May 1962, the Mets traded Zimmer to the Cincinnati Reds for Cliff Cook and Bob Miller. He returned briefly to the Dodgers in 1963, when the Reds traded him to the Dodgers for Scott Breeden. The Washington Senators purchased Zimmer from the Dodgers in June 1963. The Senators released Zimmer after the 1965 season, and he played for the Toei Flyers of Nippon Professional Baseball in 1966.

In 12 seasons, Zimmer played 1095 games. He compiled 773 hits, 91 home runs, 352 RBI, 45 stolen bases and a .235 batting average. He played in the World Series with the Dodgers in 1955 and 1959, and was selected to the National League All-Star team in 1961. Although he had a low career batting average, Zimmer was regarded as a fine infielder, willing to fill in at third base, shortstop, and second base. He also caught 33 games in his final season with Washington in 1965.

Coaching and managing career

Minor leagues

Zimmer served as a player-manager for the Cincinnati Reds with the Class-AA Knoxville Smokies and Class-AAA Buffalo Bisons in 1967.5 Zimmer ended his playing career after the 1967 season, and he managed the Class-AAA Indianapolis Indians in 1968. In 1969, he managed the Class-A Key West Padres and the Class-AAA Salt Lake City Bees in 1970.5

Major Leagues

Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres

In 1971, he joined the Montreal Expos as third base coach.6 He took a similar job with the San Diego Padres in 1972, but after only 11 games he was called on to replace Preston Gómez as manager, giving Zimmer his first managerial job in the major leagues.7

Boston Red Sox

After being fired by the Padres at the close of the 1973 campaign, he served as the third-base coach for the Boston Red Sox for 2½ seasons. Working under skipper Darrell Johnson, Zimmer's tenure included a memorable event during Game 6 of the 1975 World Series. Boston had the bases loaded and none out in the home half of the ninth inning. The score was tied. A soft fly to left field was too shallow to score the winning run, but baserunner Denny Doyle thought Zimmer's shouts of "No! No! No!" were actually "Go! Go! Go!"8 He ran for home, and was thrown out at the plate. That play, and Dwight Evans' brilliant catch off Joe Morgan in extra innings, set up Carlton Fisk's classic, game-winning home run.

The 1976 Red Sox never got on track under Johnson, and he was fired in July. Zimmer was named acting, then permanent, manager and he led them to a winning record, but a disappointing third-place finish in the AL East.9 The Red Sox would win more than 90 games in each of Zimmer's three full seasons (1977–79) as manager, only the second time they had pulled off this feat since World War I. His 1978 team won 99 games, still the fourth-best record in franchise history.

However, he is best remembered among Red Sox fans for the team's dramatic collapse during the 1978 season. After leading the American League East by as many as fourteen games, the Red Sox stumbled in August. By early September that lead was reduced to four games.10 That lead evaporated in a four-game series against the surging New York Yankees which is still known as "the Boston Massacre."

The Red Sox spent the last month of the season trading first place with the Yankees, forcing a one-game playoff on October 2. In that game, the Yankees took the lead permanently on a legendary home run by Bucky Dent over the Fenway Park Green Monster.

During this stretch, Zimmer made several questionable personnel moves. He never got along with left-handed starting pitcher Bill "Spaceman" Lee. As a matter of fact, his outright hatred of Lee (who had nicknamed Zimmer "The Gerbil.") ran so deep that he gave the starting assignment in the last game of the "Massacre" to rookie Bobby Sprowl, who had only been called up from Triple-A Pawtucket a few days earlier. Reportedly, Carl Yastrzemski pleaded with Zimmer to start Lee, who, along with Luis Tiant, had dominated the Yankees during their careers. (Lee, for example, won 12 out of 17 decisions against the Yankees in 10 years with Boston.) Sprowl allowed four walks, one hit and one run in the first inning before being pulled and made only three more major-league starts.

Zimmer also penciled Fisk, the team's longtime starting catcher, into the lineup 154 times (out of a possible 162), a heavy workload for a catcher. Fisk complained of sore knees for much of this stretch and missed most of the next season with a sore arm. Finally, Zimmer kept third baseman Butch Hobson in the lineup, even though Hobson's elbow miseries (he had floating bone chips which he frequently rearranged before coming to the plate) made it impossible for him to hit for power or average, or throw accurately. Hobson made error after error, until finally Zimmer called on Jack Brohamer to replace him; with Brohamer at third, Boston won its last eight games of the regular season to force a tie with the Yankees, but the Red Sox lost the playoff game on home runs by Dent and Reggie Jackson.


Zimmer next managed the Texas Rangers. He spent less than two years in the job and his firing by owner Eddie Chiles was different. Zimmer was fired on a Monday but asked to remain on through Wednesday's game before being replaced by Darrell Johnson.11 When asked for the reason he fired Zimmer, Chiles said it was 'something personal' but refused to elaborate further.12

After Texas, Zimmer coached three stints with the Yankees (1983, 1986, 1996–2003), then coached for the San Francisco Giants in 1987.6 He served as third base coach for the Chicago Cubs from 1984–1986. In 1989, Zimmer managed the Cubs to a division title and was named Manager of the Year.13 Later, he returned to Boston for one season as a coach (under manager Hobson) in 1992.6 Overall, Zimmer won 906 Major League games as a manager.6

Zimmer was on the first coaching staff of the expansion Colorado Rockies in 1993, and coached the Rockies through 1995.6

New York Yankees and Tampa Bay Rays

In 1996, he joined the Yankees as their bench coach for their run of four World Series titles. In 1999, Zimmer filled in for Manager Joe Torre while Torre was recuperating from prostate cancer.14 Zimmer went 21-15 while guiding the Yankees during Torre's absence. This record however, is credited to Torre's managerial record. Many fans know him for his "brawl" with Pedro Martínez in the 2003 American League Championship Series, when Zimmer ran at Martinez and Martinez threw Zimmer to the ground.15 He was also once hit by a sharply hit foul ball batted by Yankee second baseman Chuck Knoblauch. The next game, Zimmer wore an army helmet with the word "ZIM" painted on the side and the Yankees logo stenciled on the front.

Currently, Zimmer is a senior advisor for the Tampa Bay Rays. His role includes assisting the team during spring training and during home games.14 Every year, Zimmer increments his uniform number by one to match the number of years he has worked in baseball. During the 2014 season he wears #66,16 as seen on the Rays' official site. Zimmer has often noted that every paycheck he'd ever gotten came from baseball, and has never held a job in any other profession.

Zimmer has written two books, Zim: A Baseball Life, and The Zen of Zim, that describe his life in baseball, as a player, manager, and coach.

Since the 2008 season, Zimmer has been the last former Brooklyn Dodger still serving on the field in some capacity. Zimmer also serves as a member of the advisory board of the Baseball Assistance Team, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to helping former Major League, Minor League, and Negro League players through financial and medical difficulties.

Personal life

At home plate before an Elmira night game in 1951, Zimmer married Soot (Jean), the girl he started dating in 10th grade. As of 2013 (62 years later), they are still married and live in Seminole, Florida.14 They have lived in the Tampa Bay area since the late 1950s.14

In December 2008, Zimmer suffered a stroke, causing loss of speech for a week.17



  1. ^
  2. ^ "Popeye the Baseball Man". May 6, 2001. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  3. ^ "Don Zimmer: Baseball a lifestyle for lovable Zim". Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  4. ^ "Dome Plate". April 26, 1999. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  5. ^ a b "Don Zimmer Minor League Statistics & History". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Don Zimmer". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Schoenfield, David. "Padres uniform history: The 1970s". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Shaughnessy, Dan. "Zimmer the ultimate common denominator". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Don Zimmer Takes Over as Red Sox Manager Midway Through 1976, But Team Still Misses Postseason". New England Sports Network Read more at: Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Gammons, Peter (18 September 1978). "The Boston Massacre". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Zimmer Fired". The Calgary Herald. 28 July 1982. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Stroop, Joe (29 July 1982). "Zimmer's firing remains a puzzle". The Day. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "MLB Manager of the Year Award Winners". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Don Zimmer #64". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "Tempers flare during ALCS Game 3". Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Manager and Coaches | Team". Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  17. ^ Join the discussion: Click to view comments, add yours. "Tampa Bay Rays' senior adviser Don Zimmer recovering from small stroke - Tampa Bay Times". Retrieved 2012-11-18. 

External links

Preceded by
Dick Williams
Montreal Expos Third-Base Coach
Succeeded by
Jim Bragan
Preceded by
Eddie Popowski
Dick Berardino
Boston Red Sox Third-Base Coach
Succeeded by
Eddie Popowski
Rick Burleson

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