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|— City —|
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
Dum Dum (Bengali দমদম Dômdôm) is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is one of the main entry points to the city of Kolkata, providing a number of transportation facilities into that city from the northwest, such as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, formerly Dum Dum Airport, which offers domestic and international flights. Dum Dum has developed into a modern commercial centre and also hosts the Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC) of the Ordnance Factories Board, which manufactures armaments and other equipment for the Indian Armed Forces. Dum Dum region is about 10 km from the city centre, defined as the Esplanade, Kolkata. The nearby localities include Nager Bazar, Motijheel, Ghughu Danga, Private Road, Chatakal, Jawpur, Rajbari and Lal Bagan.
During the 19th century the area was home to a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Bertie Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow point bullet), known informally as a dum-dum,3456789 or more correctly as an expanding bullet.
The 2011 India census reported that Dum Dum had a population of 117,637.1 The sex ratio was 927 females per 1000 males and 5.7 percent of the population was under six years of age.1 Effective literacy was 93.51 percent; male literacy was 94.09 percent and female literacy was 92.88 percent.1
The Kolkata Metro terminates at Dum Dum Station on the boundary of Dum Dum, with Dum Dum Road leading to the city and areas beyond.
The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, or Kolkata Airport, is located on the periphery of Dum Dum and is therefore also called the Dum Dum Airport. There are flights to all major cities in India, as well as international flights to Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, New York, Doha, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Kathmandu, Dhaka, Chittagong, Yangon, Frankfurt, and Paro.
Dum Dum railway station is on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line. The railway station and the metro station are in the same complex. The Circular Railway also terminates at the same station. The other stations in Dum Dum are located at Dum Dum Cantonment and Patipukur (on the Circular Railway line) and Airport Gate No 1 (on the single Airport line). Travel to airport by rail is inconvenient, as there are only a few trains at odd hours.
NH 34 starts from Dalkhola and ends at Dum Dum Road, one of the prime routes into the city of Dum Dum. Buses ply both arterial roads: the Jessore Road and the Dum Dum Road.
On Dum Dum Road the bus routes are 30B,30B/1, 202, DN9, Airport-Babughat Mini, Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini, Dankuni-Nagerbazar, Dum Dum Station-Ruby Hospital WBSTC Mini, Dankuni-Saltlake Sector 5 WBSTC Mini. On Jessore road there are more routes: 3C/2, 30, 30C, 30D, 30E, 45, 45A, 45B, 47, 47A, 47B, 79B, 91, 91A, 91B, 93, 211A, 215, 219, 221, 223, 237, DN8, DN18, Central Jail-Heritage WBSTC Mini. The minor roads on which buses ply are R.N. Guha Road (30B/1), Birati-Nimta road (237), Laketown connector (221, 223, 30C, 211A, 47, 47A), and Gorabazar-Cantonment Road (30D).
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Nagerbazar, approximately 12 km through Central Avenue, Jessore Road
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Laketown Jessore Road crossing, approximately 9 km
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Bangur Avenue Jessore Road crossing, approximately 10 km
- From Central Kolkata to Airport through VIP Road, approximately 22 km
- From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Station through Central Avenue, BT Road, Chiriamore, approximately 10 km
- From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Cantonment, approximately 15 km
- From Airport to Nagerbazar, 5 km
- From Airport to Bangur Avenue, 7 km
- From Airport to Laketown, 8 km
- From Airport to Dum Dum Station, 7 km
- From Airport to Cantonment, 5 km
- From Airport to Central Jail, 4 km
- From Subhasnagar to Airport, 5 km
There are a plenty of blue private and mini-buses buses available, as well as a few CSTC or WBSTC or CTC buses. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches, for example to travel from Dum Dum Station to Nagerbazar, or Dum Dum Station to Chiria. In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar and Airport being the largest taxi stands; others are in Birati, Central Jail, Laketown, Bangur, and Kalindi. The Dum Dum Station area does not have many taxis as the area is extremely crowded. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw.
Historically important places in the locality include:
- Dum Dum Central Jail
- Dum Dum Cantonment, the birthplace of the Indian Rebellion of 1857
- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
- Bungalow of Lord Clive
- The Little Dum Dum Club (current board members: Peter Warsaw and Jeff Kiev)
Sodepur, Birati, Sarat Coloney, Bangur Avenue, Dum Dum Park,Baguiati, Nager Bazaar, Satgachi, Amarpalli, Kshudiram Colony, Gora Bazaar, Durganagar, Padmapukur, Motijheel, Ghosh Road, Devinibash, Lichubagan, Laxminagar, Subhas Nagar, Seth Bagan, Lal Bagan, Ghosh Para, Purba Sinthee, Madhugar and Nalta, Private Road, Chatakol, Hanuman Mandir, Fari, and Jawpur.
There are four government general colleges in Dum Dum.
- Dum Dum Motijheel Science College (renowned college in the locality)
- Dum Dum Rabindra Mahabidyalay (formerly known as Motijheel Commerce College, located in Chatakal)
- Dum Dum Arts College
- Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, established 189310
- Sarojini Naidu Girls College
There is also a private engineering college: Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College in Surer Math.
There are many government sponsored schools, including:
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Boys'
- Dum Dum Motijheel Girls High School
- Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School
- Krisnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, Dum Dum Park
- Dum Dum Sree Aravinda Vidyamandir
- Siksha Niketan High School
- Rameswar High School
- Sahid Khudiram High School
- Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir
- Prachya High School
- KV Dum Dum ordanance factory
- KV Cossipore
- Dum Dum K K Hindu Academy
- Prachya Banimandir (girls and boys)
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Girls'
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Branch) Boys'
- Northern Girls'
- Private schools
- Auxilium Convent School ( Nursery - XII )
- St. Mary's Orphanage & Day School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- Dum Dum Christ Church Girls' High Secondary School(Infant-XII)
- St. Stephens School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- Seraphim's Public School (Std. I to XII)
- Indira Gandhi Memorial School (Std. I to XII)
- Tender Hearts (Nursery to Std. IV)
- Howard Memorial English School (Nursery to X)
- WWA Cossipore English School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- Calcutta Airport English High School (H.S).
- Aditya Academy (Nursery-XII)
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dum Dum
- First world War
- India 9
- Specialist Ammunition Types
- 303 British
- BBC News
- "Dum Dum". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship
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