Dutch Chilean

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dutch Chilean
chileno-holandés
Peter Rock.jpg
Total population
50,000
Regions with significant populations
Frutillar, Valparaíso, Concepcion, Viña del Mar, Santiago, and the highest percentage of Dutch descent lives in Puerto Varas
Languages
Chilean Spanish, English, Dutch language, German language
Religion
Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Presbyterianism
Related ethnic groups
Dutch people, Dutch diaspora

In 1600, the Chilean city of Valdivia was conquered by Dutch pirate Sebastian de Cordes.1 He left the city after some months. Then, in 1642, the VOC and the WIC sent a fleet of some ships to Chile to conquer the city of Valdivia and the goldmines of the Spanish.2 The expedition was conducted by Hendrik Brouwer, a Dutch general. In 1643 Brouwer conquered the Chiloé Archipelago and the city of Valdivia.3 Brouwer died on the 7th of August 1643, and the vice-general Elias Herckmans took control.

Dutch Colonization in Chile

The second emigration from the Netherlands to Chile was in 1895. The so-called "Inspector General of Colonization and Immigration Chilean" a dozen Dutch families settled between 1895 and 1897 in Chiloé, particularly in Mechaico, Huillinco and Chacao. In the same period Egbert Hageman arrived in Chile.4 With his family, 14 April 1896, settling in Rio Gato, near Puerto Montt. In addition, family Wennekool which inaugurated the Dutch colonization of Villarrica.5

In the early twentieth century, a large group of Dutch people arrived in Chile from South Africa. These emigrants, after a long stay in African camps and shortly after his return to the Netherlands, were presented with the opportunity to emigrate to Chile with the help of the Chilean government.

On 4 May 1903, a group of over 200 Dutch emigrants sailed on the steamship "Oropesa" shipping company "Pacific Steam Navigation Company", from La Rochelle (La Pallice) in France.

The majority of migrants were born in the Netherlands: 35% was from North Holland and South Holland, 13% of North Brabant, 9% of Zeeland and equal number of Gelderland. Only a dozen children had been born in South Africa (Pretoria, Johannesburg, Valkrust, Roode Koog, Muurfontein, Platrand, Watersaltoon). Among the emigrants was a small group of singles, but the others were all married couples with children (some even had 5 children).

On June 5, arrived by train to their final destination, the city of Pitrufquén, located south of Temuco, near the hamlet of Donguil. Another group of Dutchmen arrived shortly after to Talcahuano, in the "Oravi" and the "Orissa". The Netherlands colony in Donguil was christened "New Transvaal Colony". There were established more than 500 families in order to start a new life. Between 7 February 1907 and February 18, 1909 arrives the last group of families Boers.

It is currently estimated at about 50,000 descendants of Dutch, mostly located in Malleco, Gorbea, Pitrufquén, Faja Maisan and around Temuco.6

Notable Dutch Chileans

See also

References

  1. ^ (Spanish) Holandeses en Valdivia.
  2. ^ (Spanish) Valdivia.
  3. ^ (Spanish) Navegantes holandeses en Chile.
  4. ^ Egbert Hageman.
  5. ^ Netherlands in Chile.
  6. ^ Dutch immigration.

External links








Creative Commons License