||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (April 2014)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Frutillar, Valparaíso, Concepcion, Viña del Mar, Santiago, and the highest percentage of Dutch descent lives in Puerto Varas|
|Chilean Spanish, English, Dutch language, German language|
|Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Presbyterianism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Dutch people, Dutch diaspora|
In 1600, the Chilean city of Valdivia was conquered by Dutch pirate Sebastian de Cordes.1 He left the city after some months. Then, in 1642, the VOC and the WIC sent a fleet of some ships to Chile to conquer the city of Valdivia and the goldmines of the Spanish.2 The expedition was conducted by Hendrik Brouwer, a Dutch general. In 1643 Brouwer conquered the Chiloé Archipelago and the city of Valdivia.3 Brouwer died on the 7th of August 1643, and the vice-general Elias Herckmans took control.
The second emigration from the Netherlands to Chile was in 1895. The so-called "Inspector General of Colonization and Immigration Chilean" a dozen Dutch families settled between 1895 and 1897 in Chiloé, particularly in Mechaico, Huillinco and Chacao. In the same period Egbert Hageman arrived in Chile.4 With his family, 14 April 1896, settling in Rio Gato, near Puerto Montt. In addition, family Wennekool which inaugurated the Dutch colonization of Villarrica.5
In the early twentieth century, a large group of Dutch people arrived in Chile from South Africa. These emigrants, after a long stay in African camps and shortly after his return to the Netherlands, were presented with the opportunity to emigrate to Chile with the help of the Chilean government.
On 4 May 1903, a group of over 200 Dutch emigrants sailed on the steamship "Oropesa" shipping company "Pacific Steam Navigation Company", from La Rochelle (La Pallice) in France.
The majority of migrants were born in the Netherlands: 35% was from North Holland and South Holland, 13% of North Brabant, 9% of Zeeland and equal number of Gelderland. Only a dozen children had been born in South Africa (Pretoria, Johannesburg, Valkrust, Roode Koog, Muurfontein, Platrand, Watersaltoon). Among the emigrants was a small group of singles, but the others were all married couples with children (some even had 5 children).
On June 5, arrived by train to their final destination, the city of Pitrufquén, located south of Temuco, near the hamlet of Donguil. Another group of Dutchmen arrived shortly after to Talcahuano, in the "Oravi" and the "Orissa". The Netherlands colony in Donguil was christened "New Transvaal Colony". There were established more than 500 families in order to start a new life. Between 7 February 1907 and February 18, 1909 arrives the last group of families Boers.
- Jacqueline van Rysselberghe, Chilean Politician
- Shmuel Szteinhendler, rabbi (Regional Director Masorti Latin America)
- Peter Mociulski von Remenyk, Rock and roll musician
- (Spanish) Holandeses en Valdivia.
- (Spanish) Valdivia.
- (Spanish) Navegantes holandeses en Chile.
- Egbert Hageman.
- Netherlands in Chile.
- Dutch immigration.