Duval County, Florida

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Duval County, Florida
DuvalCountyCourthouse.JPG
Duval County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Duval County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded August 12, 1822
Named for William Pope DuVal
Seat Jacksonville
Largest city Jacksonville
Area
 • Total 918.24 sq mi (2,378 km2)
 • Land 773.67 sq mi (2,004 km2)
 • Water 144.57 sq mi (374 km2), 15.74%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 885,855
 • Density 1,117/sq mi (431.1/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website coj.net

Duval County is a county located in the State of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 864,263.1 Its county seat is Jacksonville, with which the Duval County government has been consolidated since 1968.2 Duval County was established in 1822, and is named for William Pope Duval, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834.

History

This area had been settled by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. Within the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve in Jacksonville, archeologists have excavated remains of some of the oldest pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BCE. Prior to European contact, the area was inhabited by the Mocama, a Timucuan-speaking group who lived throughout the coastal areas of northern Florida.3 At the time Europeans arrived, much of what is now Duval County was controlled by the Saturiwa, one of the most powerful tribes in the region. The area that became Duval County was home to the 16th-century French colony of Fort Caroline, and saw increased European settlement in the 18th century with the establishment of Cowford, later renamed Jacksonville.

Duval County was created in 1822 from St. Johns County. It was named for William Pope Duval, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834.4 When Duval County was created, it covered a massive area, from the Suwannee River on the west to the Atlantic Ocean on the east, north of a line from the mouth of the Suwannee River to Jacksonville on the St. Johns River. Alachua and Nassau counties were created out of parts of Duval County in 1824. Clay County was created from part of Duval County in 1858. Part of St. Johns County south and east of the lower reaches of the St. Johns River was transferred to Duval County in the 1840s.5

On October 1, 1968, the government of Duval County was consolidated with the government of the city of Jacksonville, although the Duval County cities of Atlantic Beach, Baldwin, Jacksonville Beach, and Neptune Beach are not included in the corporate limits of Jacksonville, and maintain their own municipal governments.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 918.24 square miles (2,378.2 km2), of which 773.67 square miles (2,003.8 km2) (or 84.26%) is land and 144.57 square miles (374.4 km2) (or 15.74%) is water, much of it in the Atlantic Ocean.6 The topography is coastal plain; however there are some rolling hills.

Cities and towns

  1. 836,507 - Jacksonville
  2. 21,682 - Jacksonville Beach
  3. 12,864 - Atlantic Beach
  4. 7,112 - Neptune Beach
  5. 1,437 - Baldwin

2012 estimate population7

National protected areas

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,970
1840 4,156 111.0%
1850 4,539 9.2%
1860 5,074 11.8%
1870 11,921 134.9%
1880 19,431 63.0%
1890 26,800 37.9%
1900 39,733 48.3%
1910 75,163 89.2%
1920 113,540 51.1%
1930 155,503 37.0%
1940 210,143 35.1%
1950 304,029 44.7%
1960 455,411 49.8%
1970 528,865 16.1%
1980 571,003 8.0%
1990 672,971 17.9%
2000 778,879 15.7%
2010 864,263 11.0%
Est. 2013 885,855 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census8
2013 Estimate9

As of the census of 2010, there were 864,263 people, 342,450 households, and 218,254 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,117 people per square mile (389/km²). There were 388,486 housing units at an average density of 502 per square mile (241/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 60.90% White, 29.50% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 4.20% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. 7.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 87.40% spoke English (only), 5.70% Spanish and 2.80% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 342,450 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.60% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county (2000) the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,463, and the median income for a family was $60,114. Males had a median income of $42,752 versus $34,512 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,854. About 10.40% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.30% of those under age 18 and 9.6%0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Due to the 1968 consolidation, the mayor and the Jacksonville City Council govern instead of County Commissioners. According to the Supervisor of Elections website, for the 2008 general election there were 536,584 registered voters in Duval County, of which 417,599 cast ballots for a voter turnout of 77.83%.10

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2012 51.3% 47.7% 1.0% 10
2008 50.5% 48.6% 0.9% 11
2004 57.8% 41.6% 0.6% 12
2000 57.5% 40.7% 1.8% 13
1996 50.0% 44.2% 5.8% 14
1992 49.5% 36.9% 13.9% 15
1988 62.8% 36.7% 0.5% 16

Library

Duval County is served by the Jacksonville Public Library.

See also

References

  1. ^ 2010 Census Data. "2010 Census Data - 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Matt Soergel, "Archaeologists help distinguish Mocama group", Morris News Service, 25 October 2009, accessed 11 May 2010
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 111. 
  5. ^ Fernald, Edward A., Ed. (1981) Atlas of Florida. The Florida State University Foundation, Inc. ISBN 0-9606708-0-7 P.131
    Alachua County Maps
    Nassau County Maps
    [http://fcit.usf.edu/Florida/maps/county/clay/clay.htm Clay County Maps
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Florida". United States Census Bureau. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Duval County 2012 General Election
  11. ^ Duval County 2008 General Election
  12. ^ Duval County 2004 General Election - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
  13. ^ ElectionResults_2000-11-7.pdf Duval County 2000 General Election] - PDF retrieved February 12, 2007
  14. ^ Duval County, Florida 1996 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
  15. ^ Duval County, Florida 1992 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
  16. ^ Duval County, Florida 1988 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007

External links

Government links

Elected constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism

Coordinates: 30°20′N 81°39′W / 30.33°N 81.65°W / 30.33; -81.65








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