Dyer County, Tennessee

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Dyer County, Tennessee
Dyer County Tennessee Courthouse.jpg
Dyer County Courthouse in Dyersburg, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Dyer County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for Robert Henry Dyer, state legislator1
Seat Dyersburg
Largest city Dyersburg
Area
 • Total 526 sq mi (1,364 km2)
 • Land 510 sq mi (1,322 km2)
 • Water 16 sq mi (41 km2), 3.04%
Population
 • (2010) 38,335
 • Density 73/sq mi (28/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Dyer County is a county located in the westmost part of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,335.2 Its county seat is Dyersburg.3

History

Dyer County was founded by a Private Act of Tennessee, passed on October 16, 1823.4 The area was part of the territory in Tennessee that was previously legally occupied by Chickasaw Native American people ("Indian Lands").5

The county was named for Robert Henry Dyer6 (circa 1774—1826). Dyer had been an army officer in the Creek War and War of 1812, and a cavalry colonel in the First Seminole War of 1818 before becoming a state senator. He was instrumental in the formation of the counties of Dyer and Madison County, Tennessee.7

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 527 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 512 square miles (1,330 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.7%) is water.8

The county is drained by the Mississippi River, which forms its western boundary. It is in the part of Tennessee called the "Mississippi bottomland".

Dyer County is bisected by U.S. Route 51, the older major highway connecting Memphis with Chicago from south to north. To the west, Dyer County is connected to Missouri by Interstate 155 over the Mississippi River, providing the only highway connection, other than those at Memphis, between Tennessee and the states to the west of the river.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

  • Bogota Wildlife Management Area
  • Moss Island Wildlife Management Area
  • Ernest Rice Wildlife Management Area
  • Thorny Cypress Wildlife Management Area
  • Tigrett Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Tumbleweed Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • White Lake Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,904
1840 4,484 135.5%
1850 6,361 41.9%
1860 10,536 65.6%
1870 13,706 30.1%
1880 15,118 10.3%
1890 19,878 31.5%
1900 23,776 19.6%
1910 27,721 16.6%
1920 29,983 8.2%
1930 31,405 4.7%
1940 34,920 11.2%
1950 33,473 −4.1%
1960 29,537 −11.8%
1970 30,427 3.0%
1980 34,663 13.9%
1990 34,854 0.6%
2000 37,279 7.0%
2010 38,335 2.8%
Est. 2012 38,255 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census9
2012 Estimate2
Age pyramid Dyer County10

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 37,279 people, 14,751 households, and 10,458 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 16,123 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.40% White, 12.86% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,751 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,788, and the median income for a family was $39,848. Males had a median income of $31,182 versus $21,605 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,451. About 13.00% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.00% of those under age 18 and 17.60% of those age 65 or over.

Noteworthy past events

On April 2, 2006 a severe weather system passed through Dyer County, producing tornadoes that killed 16 in the county and 24 in Tennessee.

Media

Radio stations

  • Burks Broadcasting [SL100 / Eagle 97.3FM / WTRO-AM & FM]
  • WASL-FM SL100: “Everything That Rocks”
    • 50,000 watts covering 30 counties in Tennessee, Missouri, Kentucky, Arkansas since 1969
    • City of License: Dyersburg, TN
    • 500-foot Tower Site: Lenox
  • WTNV-FM / Eagle 97.3: "Today’s Country & Your All-Time Favorites”
    • 6,000 watts covering 40-45 mile radius of 10 counties in Tennessee, Missouri, & Kentucky since June 2007
    • City of License: Tiptonville, TN [Lake County]
    • 500-foot Tower Site: Elbridge [Obion County]
  • AM1450 & 101.7FM / WTRO: “The Greatest Hits of All Time”
    • 1,000 watts covering Dyer County & Northwest Tennessee since 1959
    • City of License: Dyersburg, TN
    • AM Tower Site: St John Avenue, Dyersburg, TN
    • 100-foot Transmitter Site: Burks Place, Dyersburg, TN
    • 300-foot Translator Site: Radio Road, Dyersburg, TN

Newspapers

State Gazette – 5 days/week (Sunday & Tuesday-Friday); general news. The paper has served Dyersburg and Northwest Tennessee since 1865.

Communities

Cities and towns

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ Carroll Van West, "Dyer County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 27 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Tennessee State Archives — formation of Dyer county". Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  5. ^ Bergeron, Paul H.; Ash, Stephen V.; Keith, Jeanette.Tennesseans and their history. Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1999, p. 78.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 112. 
  7. ^ "Tennessee Blue Book — Dyer county". Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links

Coordinates: 36°04′N 89°25′W / 36.06°N 89.41°W / 36.06; -89.41








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