East Carroll Parish, Louisiana
|East Carroll Parish, Louisiana|
Location in the state of Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Charles Carroll of Carrollton|
|Largest city||Lake Providence|
|• Total||442 sq mi (1,146 km2)|
|• Land||421 sq mi (1,092 km2)|
|• Water||21 sq mi (54 km2), 4.75%|
|• Density||17.55/sq mi (6.77/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
The original Carroll Parish, before it was divided into "East" and "West" segments, was named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton,3 Maryland, the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence and the last surviving signer of the document. Prior to 1814, all of the territory covered by the current East Carroll Parish was part of the now defunct Warren Parish.
The famous black bear hunt waged in 1907 by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt began in East Carroll Parish near Lake Providence. When a particular bear managed to elude the hunters, the camp was moved to Bear Lake in Madison Parish near Tallulah. The 21-year-old Arthur Spencer of Richland Parish took a picture of Roosevelt in the heavily armed hunting party. Among the hunters was future Governor John M. Parker, the vice-presidential choice of the Bull Moose Party ticket in the 1916 presidential election.4
East Carroll Parish is heavily Democratic in political configuration.
In 1988, Governor Michael S. Dukakis of Massachusetts carried East Carroll Parish over then Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush, himself a Massachusetts native, 1,809 votes (52.3 percent) to 1,536 (44.4 percent).5 In the 2004 presidential race, East Carroll gave the George W. Bush - Richard B. Cheney electors 1,357 votes (40 percent) to 1,980 ballots (58 percent) for the Democrat John Kerry - John Edwards slate.6
In 2012, U.S. President Barack H. Obama swept the parish with 2,478 votes (61.8 percent) to Republican Mitt Romney's 1,508 (37.6 percent).7 In 2008, Obama had handily defeated John S. McCain in East Carroll Parish, 2,267 (63.7 percent) to 1,254 (35.2 percent).8
The parish has a total area of 442 square miles (1,144.8 km2), of which 421 square miles (1,090.4 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54.4 km2) (4.75%) is water.
- Chicot County, Arkansas (north)
- Issaquena County, Mississippi (east)
- Warren County, Mississippi (southeast)
- Madison Parish (south)
- Richland Parish (southwest)
- West Carroll Parish (west)
||Chicot County, Arkansas|
|West Carroll Parish||Issaquena County, Mississippi|
|Richland Parish||Madison Parish||Warren County, Mississippi|
Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 28.9% White
- 69.0% Black
- 0.2% Native American
- 0.6% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 0.7% Two or more races
- 1.6% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census11 of 2000, there were 9,421 people, 2,969 households, and 2,140 families residing in the parish. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 3,303 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 31.60% White, 67.29% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,969 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.00% were married couples living together, 27.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the parish the population was spread out with 30.30% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 18.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 104.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.90 males.
The median income for a household in the parish was $20,723, and the median income for a family was $24,554. Males had a median income of $22,099 versus $18,672 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $9,629. About 32.60% of families and 40.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56.80% of those under age 18 and 32.70% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.
Of 3,197 counties ranked by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011 for "estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty", East Carroll Parish was fifth. It was estimated that 44 percent of the county's residents lived in poverty.12
Public schools in East Carroll Parish are operated by the East Carroll Parish School Board.
- Fuaed Abdo Ahmed, 20-year-old man who in August 2013 killed two hostages at Tensas State Bank in St. Joseph in Tensas Parish, had previously lived in East Carroll Parish and attended Briarfield Academy, where he played football13
- Buddy Caldwell, District Attorney in East Carroll, elected in 2007 as the attorney general of Louisiana
- Vail M. Delony, state representative, 1950–1967; Speaker of the Louisiana House, 1964–1967
- John Martin Hamley, state representative, 1912-1924; clerk of the state House, 1924-1931; elected parish tax assessor, 1933`
- Mose Jefferson, convicted felon, older brother of William J. Jefferson, was born in Lake Providence.
- William J. Jefferson, convicted felon, former U.S. representative from Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District, was born in Lake Providence.
- Don Johnson, a Transylvania farmer who has run unsuccessfully as a Republican for state agriculture commissioner in 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, and 2007.
- James E. Paxton, district attorney for Louisiana 6th Judicial District (East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas parishes) since 200814
- Francis Xavier Ransdell, state 6th Judicial District judge from 1900 to 1936
- Joseph Ransdell, a Democrat who served in Congress from 1913 to 1931. Ransdell was born in Alexandria but resided for many years in Lake Providence.
- David Voelker, entrepreneur and philanthropist in New Orleans; born in Lake Providence
- Frank Voelker, Jr., attorney in Lake Providence and New Orleans; former chairman of the Louisiana Sovereignty Commission; candidate for governor of Louisiana in 1963
- Frank Voelker, Sr., judge of the 6th Judicial District, 1937-1963; son-in-law of Judge Francis Ransdell
- Charles L. Vining, Jr., state representative from East and West Carroll parishes, 1968–1972
- Norris C. Williamson, state senator from 1916 to 1932; advocate of cotton planter interest and worked to gain state funding to eradicate the cattle tick
- John D. Winters, historian at Louisiana Tech University, author of The Civil War in Louisiana (1963), was born in Mississippi but reared in Lake Providence.
- Captan Jack Wyly, Democratic political activist
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to East Carroll Parish, Louisiana.|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 112.
- "East Carroll Parish Genealogy". eastcarrollparishlouisianagenealogy.blogspot.com. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "East Carroll Parish presidential election returns, November 8, 1988". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "East Carroll Parish presidential election returns, November 2, 2004". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "Louisiana general election returns, November 6, 2012". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- "East Carroll Parish presidential election returns, November 4, 2008". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Table 1: 2011 Poverty and Median Income Estimates - Counties". Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. 2011.
- "Tensas bank suspect blamed ex-girlfriend's family, wanted to leave country, August 15, 2013". Alexandria Daily Town Talk. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "James E. Paxton". sixthda.com. Retrieved October 4, 2013.