A map of Gauteng, showing the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, local government of most of the East Rand
The East Rand is the name of the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburgconurbation. This area became settled by Europeans after a gold-bearing reef was discovered in 1886 and sparked the gold rush that gave rise to the establishment of Johannesburg.
As part of the restructuring of municipalities in South Africa at the time, the local governments of the East Rand were merged into a single municipality in 1999, called the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, meaning "place of peace."
Despite having a separate municipal government, like the West Rand, the East Rand is included in the Greater Johannesburg metropolitan area. To this end, the East Rand shares the same dialling code as Johannesburg (011 locally). It is not uncommon for residents of the East Rand to work in Johannesburg proper and vice versa.