Edgecombe County, North Carolina

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Edgecombe County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Edgecombe County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1741
Named for Richard Edgcumbe
Seat Tarboro
Largest city Rocky Mount
Area
 • Total 507 sq mi (1,313 km2)
 • Land 505 sq mi (1,308 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 56,552
 • Density 114/sq mi (44/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.edgecombecountync.gov

Edgecombe County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,552.1 Its county seat is Tarboro.2

Edgecombe County is part of the Rocky Mount, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county was formed in 1741 from Bertie County. It was named for Richard Edgcumbe,3 a Member of Parliament from 1701 to 1742 and a lord of the treasury, who became 1st Baron Edgcumbe in 1742.

In 1746 part of Edgecombe County became Granville County; in 1758 another portion became Halifax County; and in 1777 yet another part became Nash County. In 1855 the formation of Wilson County from parts of Edgecombe County, Johnston County, Nash County, and Wayne County reduced Edgecombe to its present size, with a minor boundary adjustments.

Edgecombe County was historically home to the Tuscarora Indians. Although most migrated north to New York in the 18th century, descendents of the Tuscarora still live in some parts of the county.

Law and government

Edgecombe County is a member of the regional Upper Coastal Plain Council of Governments.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles (1,313.1 km2), of which 505 square miles (1,307.9 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.3%) is water.4

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,265
1800 10,421 1.5%
1810 12,423 19.2%
1820 13,276 6.9%
1830 14,935 12.5%
1840 15,708 5.2%
1850 17,189 9.4%
1860 17,376 1.1%
1870 22,970 32.2%
1880 26,181 14.0%
1890 24,113 −7.9%
1900 26,591 10.3%
1910 32,010 20.4%
1920 37,995 18.7%
1930 47,894 26.1%
1940 49,162 2.6%
1950 51,634 5.0%
1960 54,226 5.0%
1970 52,341 −3.5%
1980 55,988 7.0%
1990 56,558 1.0%
2000 55,606 −1.7%
2010 56,552 1.7%
Est. 2012 55,954 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census5
2012 Estimate1

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,552 people residing in the county. 57.4% were Black or African American, 38.8% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 2.3% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 55,606 people, 20,392 households, and 14,804 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (43/km²). There were 24,002 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 40.06% White, 57.46% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 2.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,392 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.20% were married couples living together, 21.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,983, and the median income for a family was $35,902. Males had a median income of $27,300 versus $21,649 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,435. About 16.00% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.50% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Edgecombe County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels


Townships

The county is divided into fourteen townships, which are both numbered and named: 1 (Tarboro), 2 (Lower Conetoe), 3 (Upper Conetoe), 4 (Deep Creek), 5 (Lower Fishing Creek), 6 (Upper Fishing Creek), 7 (Swift Creek), 8 (Sparta), 9 (Otter Creek), 10 (Lower Town Creek), 11 (Walnut Creek), 12 (Rocky Mount), 13 (Cokey), and 14 (Upper Town Creek).

Education

Edgecombe County Public Schools has 15 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade. These are separated into five high schools, four middle schools, and six elementary schools.7 It was formed in 1993 from the merger of the old Edgecombe County Schools and Tarboro City Schools systems.8

The county also is home to Edgecombe Community College and has campuses in Tarboro and Rocky Mount.9

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 114. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Edgecombe County Public Schools". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  8. ^ Bender, Jaime (July 5, 2003). "Edgecombe schools marks 10 years". The Rocky Mount Telegram. 
  9. ^ "About ECC". Edgecombe Community College. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links

Coordinates: 35°55′N 77°36′W / 35.91°N 77.60°W / 35.91; -77.60








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