Education in El Salvador
Education in El Salvador follows a (1 or 2) -9-2-5 system:
- One or two years of preschool (called kinder, short for kindergarten), which are not part of the State's Educational System.
- Nine years of Basic Education divided in three Cycles of three grades each:
- Two (or an optional three years technical program) of Middle Education:
- Two year General Bachelor's Degree (High school Degree)
- (or an optional) Three year Technical Bachelor's Degree (Technical High school degree) (e.g. Accountancy, Computer Science, Secretary Degree, etc.)
- Five years (minimum) of university or other tertiary education.
However, the national educational system is not the only one available.
Pre-university education is not free. The State provides public education for which a fee is paid if the person paying can afford it and only one payment per family is made (i.e. siblings pay only one fee). Public education is nevertheless inconstant in quality, being even extremely poor in rural areas and not so good in urban areas.
The University of El Salvador (UES) is the largest(and only)public university in the country. However classes are constantly stopped as being a host for protests.
In 2010, the literacy rate was 82% for both sexes.1
In 1992 the Ministry of Education under Cecilia Gallardo de Cano embarked on a program of reform of basic education.