Edwin D. Morgan

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Edwin Denison Morgan
EDMorgan.jpg
United States Senator
from New York
In office
March 4, 1863 – March 4, 1869
Preceded by Preston King
Succeeded by Reuben E. Fenton
21st Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1859 – December 31, 1862
Lieutenant Robert Campbell
Preceded by John Alsop King
Succeeded by Horatio Seymour
1st Chairman of the Republican National Committee
In office
1856–1864
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Henry J. Raymond
5th Chairman of the Republican National Committee
In office
1872–1876
Preceded by William Claflin
Succeeded by Zachariah Chandler
Personal details
Born (1811-02-08)February 8, 1811
Washington, Massachusetts
Died February 14, 1883(1883-02-14) (aged 72)
New York City, New York
Political party Republican
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1861 - 1863
Rank Major General
Commands Department of New York
Battles/wars American Civil War

Edwin Denison Morgan (February 8, 1811 – February 14, 1883) was the 21st Governor of New York from 1859 to 1862 and served in the United States Senate from 1863 to 1869. He was the first and longest-serving chairman of the Republican National Committee. He was also a Union Army general during the American Civil War.

Biography

Gubernatorial portrait of New York Governor Edwin D. Morgan.

Morgan was born in Washington, Massachusetts on February 8, 1811. He began his business career as a grocer in Hartford, Connecticut. He became a partner with his uncle and served on the city council. In 1836, he removed to New York City and became a successful wholesaler, broker and banker.

He was an alderman, member of the New York State Senate from 1850 to 1853, and State Commissioner of Immigration.1

Morgan became highly influential in Republican politics of his time and twice served as chairman of the Republican National Committee, 1856 to 1864 and 1872 to 1876.1

He was Governor of New York from 1859 through 1862, elected in 1858 and 1860. He was appointed major general of volunteers in September 1861 and commanded the Department of New York until he resigned on January 3, 1863, serving simultaneously as governor and head of the military department.2

In February 1863, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, and served one term until 1869. In January 1869, he sought re-nomination, but was voted down by the Republican caucus of State legislators who instead nominated Ex-Governor Reuben E. Fenton. In 1876, Morgan ran again for Governor but was defeated by Democrat Lucius Robinson.

In 1881, Morgan was nominated by President Chester A. Arthur as Treasury Secretary and was confirmed by the Senate, but declined the position.3:255

Known for generous contributions to charities and causes, he contributed large sums to the Union Theological Seminary.

Edwin Morgan was a cousin of Morgan G. Bulkeley, the Governor of Connecticut from 1889 to 1893.

Morgan died in New York City on February 14, 1883.2 He was buried at the Cedar Hill Cemetery in Hartford.24

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Reeves, Thomas C. (1975). Gentleman Boss. NY, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 19. ISBN 0-394-46095-2. 
  2. ^ a b c Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 397
  3. ^ Reeves, Thomas C. (1975). Gentleman Boss. NY, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-46095-2. 
  4. ^ Edwin Denison Morgan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

References

External links

New York State Senate
Preceded by
William Samuel Johnson
New York State Senate
6th District

1850–1853
Succeeded by
Erastus Brooks
Political offices
Preceded by
John A. King
Governor of New York
1859–1862
Succeeded by
Horatio Seymour
Preceded by
Preston King
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from New York
1863–1869
Served alongside: Ira Harris and Roscoe Conkling
Succeeded by
Reuben E. Fenton
Party political offices
New title Chairman of the Republican National Committee
1856–1864
Succeeded by
Henry Jarvis Raymond
New title Chairman of the New York Republican State Committee
1856–1858
Succeeded by
James Kelly
Preceded by
William Claflin
Chairman of the Republican National Committee
1872–1876
Succeeded by
Zachariah Chandler
Preceded by
Alonzo B. Cornell
Chairman of the New York Republican State Committee
1874–1875
Succeeded by
Alonzo B. Cornell







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