Elections in Colombia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Colombia
Constitution

Elections in Colombia are regulated and controlled by the National Electoral Council which also gives information on elections and election results in for the politics of Colombia.

Colombia elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The Congress' (Congreso) has two chambers. The Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) has 162 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation. The Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) has 102 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation. Colombia has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, a situation which has usually meant that it would be difficult for anybody to achieve significant electoral success under the banner of any other party. Dissidents from the two main parties usually have chances to win elections, if they are not confronted by strong challengers from their own former party (in which cases their traditional opponents tend to win). Recent electoral inroads made by a number of independent candidates towards the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st, such as the elections of Antanas Mockus and later Luis Eduardo Garzón as mayors of Bogotá, amid a climate of perceived generalized dissatisfaction with the country's traditional political background, have tended to shows signs that past electoral trends may be weakening and the potential for diversity could be increasing.

Schedule

Election

Position 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Type Presidential (May)
National Congress (March)
Gubernatorial (October) None None Presidential (May)
National Congress (March)
President and
vice president
President and vice president None President and vice president
National Congress All seats None All seats
Provinces, cities and municipalities None All positions None

Inauguration

Position 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Type Presidential (August)
National Congress (July)
None Gubernatorial (January) None Presidential (August)
National Congress (July)
President and
vice president
7 August None 7 August
National Congress 20 July None 20 July
Provinces, cities and municipalities None 1 January None

Latest elections

2010 Presidential election

e • d Summary of the 30 May 2010 and 20 June 2010 Colombian presidential election results
Candidates – Parties First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Juan Manuel SantosSocial Party of National Unity (Partido de «la U») 6,802,043 46.68 9,028,943 69.13
Antanas MockusGreen Party (Partido Verde) 3,134,222 21.51 3,587,975 27.47
Germán Vargas LlerasRadical Change (Cambio Radical) 1,473,627 10.11  
Gustavo PetroAlternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 1,331,267 9.14
Noemí SanínColombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 893,819 6.13
Rafael PardoColombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 638,302 4.38
Róbinson DeviaVoice of Conscience Movement (Movimiento la Voz de la Consciencia) 31,338 0.22
Jairo CalderónLiberal Opening (Movimiento Apertura Liberal) 29,151 0.20
Jaime AraújoAfro-Colombian Social Alliance (Alianza Social Afrocolombiano) 14,847 0.10
Total votes for candidates 14,348,616 98.46 12,616,918 96.60
Blank votes 223,977 1.54 444,274 3.40
Total valid votes 14,572,593 100.00 13,061,192 100.00
Null votes 170,874   198,003  
Unmarked ballots 37,553   37,729  
Turnout 14,781,020 49.27 13,296,924 44.33
Source: Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil, Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil

2010 Parliamentary election

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2010 Chamber of Representatives of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,486,824 25.9 47
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 2,057,849 21.4 38
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,856,068 19.3 37
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 743,758 7.7 15
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 714,476 7.4 12
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 563,555 5.9 4
Independent Absolute Renovation Movement (Movimiento Independiente de Renovación Absoluta) 284,244 3.0 3
Green Party (Partido Verde) 283,293 3.0 3
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 182,515 1.9 1
Liberal Alternative (Alternativa Liberal) 171,090 1.8 1
Liberal Opening (Apertura Liberal) 117,871 1.2 2
Regional Integration (Integración Regional) 5,045 0.1 1
Others 143,883 1.5
Total valid votes (turnout 43.8%) 9,610,471 100.0 164
Sources: Adam Carr's Election Archive
e • d Summary of the 14 March 2010 Senate of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,804,123 25.8 28
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 2,298,748 21.2 22
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,763,908 16.3 17
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 907,468 8.4 9
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 888,851 8.2 8
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 848,305 7.8 8
Green Party (Partido Verde) 531,293 4.9 5
Independent Absolute Renovation Movement (MIRA party) 298,862 2.8 3
Citizens' Compromise for Colombia (Compromiso Ciudadano por Colombia) 182,286 1.7 0
Others 326,763 3.0
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia) 1
Total valid votes (turnout 44.2%) 10,851,207 100.0 102
Sources: Adam Carr's Election Archive
e • d Seats reserved for indigenous
Parties Votes % Seats
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 26,428 25.1 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indigenas de Colombia) 23,809 22.6 1
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 20,887 19.9
Others 34,111 32.4
Total (turnout %) 105,235 100.0 2
Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive

2006 Presidential election

e • d Summary of the 28 May 2006 Colombian presidential election results
Parties - Candidates Votes %
Álvaro Uribe Vélez - Colombia First (Primero Colombia) 7,363,421 62.35
Carlos Gaviria Díaz - Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 2,609,412 22.04
Horacio Serpa Uribe - Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,401,173 11.84
Antanas Mockus Sivickas - Indigenous Social Alliance Movement (Movimiento Alianza Social Indígena) 146,540 1.24
Enrique Parejo González - National Democratic Reconstruction (Reconstrucción Democrática Nacional) 44,610 0.38
Álvaro Leyva Durán - National Movement for Reconciliation (Movimiento Nacional de Reconciliación) 22,039 0.19
Carlos Arturo Rincón Barreto - Colombian Community and Communal Political Movement (Movimiento Politico Comunal y Comunidad Colombiano) 20,477 0.17
Total votes for candidates 11,607,672 98.05
Blank votes 230,749 1.95
Total valid votes 11,838,421 100.00
Null votes 136,326
Unmarked ballots 84,041
Total votes cast (turnout 45.1%) 12,058,788
Registered voters 26,731,700
Source: Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil.

2006 Parliamentary election

e • d Summary of the 12 March 2006 Chamber of Representatives of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,646,404 19.0 30
Social National Unity Party/Party of the U (Partido Social de Unidad Nacional, also known as Partido de la U) 1,453,353 16.7 29
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 1,363,656 15.8 30
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 932,207 10.7 20
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 708,664 8.2 9
Citizens' Convergence (Convergencia Ciudadana) 397,903 4.6 8
Wings - Team Colombia Movement (Movimiento Alas Equipo Colombia) 370,789 4.3 7
Independent Movement of Absolute Renovation (Mira party) 233,920 2.7 1
Democratic Colombia Party (Partido Colombia Demócrata) 215,753 2.5 2
Liberal Opening (Apertura Liberal) 199,810 2.3 5
National Movement (Movimiento Nacional) 175,012 2.0 2
United People's Movement (Movimiento Popular Unido) 129,977 1.5 2
For the Country of our Dreams (Por el País que soñamos) 99,565 1.1 1
Regional Integration Movement (Movimiento Integración Regional) 91,547 1.1 4
Huila New and Liberalism (Huila Nuevo y Liberalismo) 80,688 0.9 2
Social Action Party (Partido de Acción Social) 52,340 0.6 1
Renovation Movement Labour Action (Movimiento Renovación Acción Laboral) 33,308 0.4 0
National Salvation Movement (Movimiento de Salvación Nacional) 28,975 0.3 0
People's Participation Movement (Movimiento de Participación Popular) 18,449 0.2 0
Progressive National Movement (Movimiento Nacional Progresista) 8,146 0.1 0
Total votes for parties (turnout 40.54%) 8,678,535 100.0 163
Sources: Adam Carr and Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil
e • d Summary of the 12 March 2006 Senate of Colombia election results
Parties % Seats
Social National Unity Party/Party of the U (Partido Social de Unidad Nacional, also known as Partido de la U) 17.49 20
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 16.13 18
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 15.52 18
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 13.36 15
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 9.74 10
Citizens' Convergence (Convergencia Ciudadana) 6.25 7
Wings - Team Colombia Movement (Movimiento Alas Equipo Colombia) 4.68 5
Democratic Colombia Party (Partido Colombia Demócratica) 2.85 3
Mira Movement (Movimiento Mira) 2.35 2
Living Colombia Movement (Movimiento Colombia Viva) 2.46 2
Let the Moreno play movement (Movimiento Dejen Jugar al Moreno) 1.50 0
C4 0.88 0
Visionaries with Antanas Mockus (Visionarios con Antanas Mockus) 0.77 0
Comunitarian Participation Movement (Movimiento de Participación Comunitaria) 0.56 0
Communal and Comunitarian Movement of Colombia (Movimiento Comunal y Comunitario de Colombia) 0.42 0
Colombia Unite Movement (Movimiento Únete Colombia) 0.17 0
Independent Conservatism (Conservatismo Independiente) 0.14 0
National Democratic Reconstruction (Reconstrucción Democrática Nacional) 0.08 0
Progressive National Movement (Movimiento Nacional Progresista) 0.09 0
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 2
Total valid votes (turnout 40.54%)   102
Sources: Registraduria Nacional del Estado Civil, Caracol Radio
e • d 2006 elections to the 2 seats reserved for Indigenous in the Senate of Colombia
Parties Votes % Seats
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) ASI 44,557 28.27 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indigenas de Colombia) AICO 21,304 13.52 1
Total (turnout %)    
Source: Registraduria Nacional del Estado Civil.

Note: As the blank vote percentage was 58.21% (more than 50%), this special election must be repeated, with the same parties but different candidates [1]

Past elections

See also

References

External links








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