This article is outdated. (February 2013)
elects on national level a head of state (the president) and a legislature. The president is elected for a seven-year term by the people. The Assembly of Representatives of Yemen ( Majlis al-Nuwaab) has 301 members, elected for a six-year term in single-seat constituencies.
Yemen is usually considered a
dominant-party state with the General People's Congress in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power.
Yemen has universal suffrage for those age 18 and older. The constitution provides that the president be elected by popular vote from at least two candidates endorsed by parliament.
In 1999 the first nationwide direct presidential election was held, giving Ali Abdallah Salih, the leader of the General People’s Congress (GPC), a five-year term, which was extended to seven years in 2001. President Salih was reelected in September 2006 with 77 percent of the popular vote. The electorate also elects the parliament every six years, most recently in April 2003. The next parliamentary elections are to be held in 2011. Although the various 2006 elections (presidential and local) were deemed by international observers to be generally open and competitive, there were reports of irregularities, such as underage and duplicate voting and the use of state funds to support GPC candidates.
2006 Presidential election
Summary of the 20 September 2006 Yemeni presidential election result
Candidates - Nominating parties
Ali Abdullah Saleh - General People's Congress 4,149,673
Faisal Bin Shamlan - Joint Meeting Parties (JMP) opposition coalition 1,173,075
Total valid votes (turnout 65.2%)
Total votes cast
2003 Parliamentary election
Summary of the 27 April 2003 Yemen Assembly of Representatives election results
General People's Congress ( al-Mu'tammar al-Sha'bi al-'Am) 3,429,888
Yemeni Congregation for Reform ( al-Tajmu al-Yamani li al-Islah) 1,333,394
Yemen Socialist Party ( Hizb al-Ishtirakiya al-Yamaniya) 277,223
Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation ( al-Tantheem al-Wahdawi al-Sha'bi al-Nasseri) 109,480
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party ( Hizb al Baath al'Arabi al Ishtiraki) 40,377
National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party ( Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki Al-Qawmi) 23,745
Nasserite Popular Correctional Movement ( al-Tashih al-Shabi al-Nasiri) 15,257
Yemeni Union of Popular Forces ( Ittihad al-Qiwa al-Shabiyya) 11,967
Democratic Nasserite Party ( al-Hizb al-Dimuqrati al-Nasiri) 9,829
Democratic National Front ( al-Jabha al-Wataniya al-Dimuqratiyya) 7,056
Social Nationalist Party ( Hizb al-Qawmi al-Ijtimai) 5,349
al-Haqq Party ( Hizb al-Haqq) 4,585
People's Democratic Party ( Hizb al-Shab al-Dimuqrati) 4,077
Democratic Union of Popular Forces ( al-Ittihad al-Dimuqrati) 3,003
Social Green Party ( Hizb al-Khudr al-Ijtimai) 2,276
Popular Unity Party ( Hizb al-Wahda al-Shabiyya) 1,739
Yemeni League Party ( Al Rabita al-Yamaniyya al-Shariyya) 1,383
Liberation Front Party ( Hizb Jabhat al-Tahrir) 1,282
Popular Unionist Liberation Party ( Hizb al-Tahrir al-Shabi al-Wahdawi) 1,241
Yemeni Unionist Gathering ( al-Tajammu al-Wahdawi al-Yamani) 483
Democratic September Organization ( al-Tanzim al-Sebtembri) 81
Total (turnout 76.0%)
Source: electionguide.org. A number of candidates elected as non-partisans joined MSA or Islah. Other sources give a different division of seats. Also list of results and parties
here and here.