Elliott County, Kentucky
|Elliott County, Kentucky|
Elliott County courthouse in Sandy Hook, Kentucky
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Lisle Elliott or John Milton Elliott|
|Largest city||Sandy Hook|
|• Total||235.20 sq mi (609 km2)|
|• Land||233.96 sq mi (606 km2)|
|• Water||1.24 sq mi (3 km2), 0.53%|
|• Density||33/sq mi (13/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Elliott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,656.1 Its county seat is Sandy Hook, Kentucky.2 The county was formed in 1869 from parts of Morgan, Lawrence, and Carter counties, and is named for John Milton Elliott, U.S. Congressman; Confederate Justice of the Kentucky Court of Appeals.34 In regard to alcohol sales, Elliott County is a dry county, meaning the sale of alcoholic beverages is prohibited everywhere in the county.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 235.20 square miles (609.2 km2), of which 233.96 square miles (606.0 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 1.24 square miles (3.2 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.5
Elliott County was established in 1869 from land given by Carter, Lawrence, and Morgan counties. A fire at the courthouse in 1957 resulted in the destruction of many county records.6
|2012||49.4% 1,186||46.9% 1,126|
|2008||61.0% 1,535||35.9% 902|
|2004||69.8% 2,064||29.5% 871|
|2000||64.1% 1,527||34.7% 827|
|1996||64.4% 1,298||20.9% 421|
|1992||71.1% 1,796||17.6% 444|
|1988||76.2% 1,797||23.3% 550|
|1984||73.4% 1,683||26.2% 601|
|1980||74.4% 1,668||24.6% 551|
|1976||80.7% 1,987||18.5% 455|
|1972||65.3% 1,499||34.0% 782|
|1968||63.4% 1,387||23.6% 515|
|1964||86.2% 2,026||13.7% 323|
|1960||68.7% 1,734||31.3% 789|
Elliott County has voted for the Democratic Party's nominee in every presidential election since it incorporated in 1869. This is the longest ongoing streak of any county voting Democratic in the United States.8 It is also the last Southern rural county never to vote for a Republican in any Presidential election. Even in nationwide Republican landslides like 1972 and 1984, when Republicans were winning the state of Kentucky overall with more than 60% of the vote, Elliot County voted 63.4% and 73.4% Democratic, respectively.
Elliott County was the second-whitest county in the country, at 99.04%, to vote for Democrat Barack Obama in the 2008 Presidential election, the whitest being Mitchell County, Iowa. Obama garnered 61% of the vote, while Republican John McCain received 36%. In 2008, Elliott County provided Obama with the highest winning percentage of the vote out of all Kentucky counties. This made it the most Democratic county in the state for the 2nd election in a row, since it had also been Democrat John Kerry's strongest county in Kentucky in 2004.9 Obama would again win the county in 2012, his only county victory in traditionally staunchly Democratic rural Eastern Kentucky. However he would only eke out a narrow 49% plurality over Mitt Romney's 47%, a lead of just 60 votes, thus nearly ending a long streak of Democratic landslides in Elliott County. Reflecting the increased rural-urban divide in modern American politics, Obama's strongest county in the state was instead Jefferson County, home to the state's largest city, Louisville, which he won by a much more comfortable 54.69%-43.60% margin.
As of 2013, Elliott County had the fewest number of registered Republicans, 238, out of all counties in Kentucky.10
As of the census13 of 2000, there were 6,748 people, 2,638 households, and 1,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 per square mile (11 /km2). There were 3,107 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.04% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.01% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,638 households, of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $21,014, and the median income for a family was $27,125. Males had a median income of $29,593 versus $20,339 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,067. About 20.80% of families and 25.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.50% of those under age 18 and 26.40% of those age 65 or over.
- Bell City
- Blaines Trace
- Brushy Fork
- Clay Fork
- Fannin Valley
- Forks of Newcombe
- Little Fork
- Little Sandy
- Middle Fork
- Neil Howard's Creek
- Shady Grove
- Sandy Hook
- The Ridge
- Wells Creek
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 117.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). "Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research". Ancestry Publishing. p. 225. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections
- NYT Electoral explorer
- VOTER REGISTRATION STATISTICS REPORT, Kentucky Secretary of State
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Ancestry of the Population by State: 1980 - Table 3" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-10.
- Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
- Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
- Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
- Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
- The Year of Plenty, children's historical fiction set in Elliott County
- The Kentucky Highlands Project