Elswick, Tyne and Wear
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|Elswick, Tyne and Wear|
Elswick, Tyne and Wear shown within Tyne and Wear
|OS grid reference||NZ228633|
Elswick is a ward of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, in the western part of the city, bordering the River Tyne. Historically in Northumberland, the population of the ward is 11,325, 4.4% of the total population of Newcastle upon Tyne. Car ownership in the area is 33%: this is much lower than the city average of 54.7%.
One of the earliest references to the coal mining industry of the north east occurs in 1330, when it was recorded that the Prior of Tynemouth let a colliery, called Heygrove, at "Elstewyke" for a rent of £5 per year. Elswick Colliery had 3 pits working from 1860 onwards.1
Elswick Park dates from 1881, when it was developed from land formally known as Elswick Hall.2 Previous owners of the land included Charles I and the monks of Tynemouth Priory.
The Elswick works was founded in 1847 by engineer William George Armstrong. It manufactured hydraulic machinery, cranes and bridges and, later, artillery. In 1882 the company merged with the shipbuilding firm of Charles Mitchell to form Armstrong, Mitchell & Company. Armstrong Mitchell merged again with the engineering firm of Joseph Whitworth in 1897, forming Armstrong, Whitworth & Co.3
Elswick station was opened in 1889 to serve the area. It was located at the western end of the Elswick Works, whose workforce made up a significant proportion of travelers. The station was closed and then demolished in 1967.4
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Newcastle Council 2001 census Elswick