Emergency contraceptive availability by country
The following is a list of countries that allow access to dedicated-purpose emergency contraceptive pills.
In Austria, ECPs are available without prescription in pharmacies.
In Bulgaria, levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive (Escapelle) is available over-the counter without a prescription in pharmacies.
In Cyprus, emergency contraception (Levonorgestrel 1.5 mg - Norlevo 1 dose) is available over-the-counter without prescription in pharmacies.
In the Czech Republic, Postinor-2 is available by doctor's prescription.
NorLevo is available over the counter.
In Estonia, it is available over the counter without prescription under the name Postinor-2.
The Yuzpe regimen was introduced under the name Neoprimavlar in 1987.
In 2002 levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive (NorLevo 750 µg) became available over-the-counter in pharmacies. Only restrictions are that it cannot be administered to under 15 year-olds and only single package can be purchased at a time.1
Recently NorLevo 750 µg as a two-dose package has stepped aside from the NorLevo 1,5 mg single-dose package.
NorLevo, a two-dose progestin-only treatment, was approved in 1999, with nonprescription, pharmacy access. (France does not have an over-the-counter status equivalent.) In December 2000, public and parochial high school nurses were authorized to dispense emergency contraception. 2
In Germany, emergency contraception is available by prescription only. There are Levonorgestrel and Ulipristal pills available.
In Greece emergency contraception (Levonorgestrel 1.5 mg - Norlevo 1 dose) is available in pharmacies and formally requires prescription, but de facto is sold in pharmacies over-the-counter.
In Hungary emergency contraception is available in pharmacies after a medical prescription or in hospitals.
From 15 February 2011, the NorLevo morning after pill became available from all pharmacies over-the-counter without prescription. It is available without consultation and there is no age restriction.
A survey in May 2011 showed that 85% of pharmacists have been asked for the morning after pill since it became available over-the-counter.5
In Italy emergency contraception is available in pharmacies and hospitals, but it requires medical prescription.
Postinor and, since 2003, Postinor-2 are available over-the-counter without a prescription in pharmacies.
Since January 2005, levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive (NorLevo 1.5 mg) has been available over-the-counter without a prescription in pharmacies and drug stores.
NorLevo is available over-the-counter.
Postinor-2 and Escapelle are available by medical prescription.
In Russia emergency contraception formally requires prescription, but de facto is sold in pharmacies over-the-counter.
In Slovakia levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive (Escapelle) is available over-the-counter without a prescription in pharmacies.
In Spain it is available without restriction, and is available over-the counter with no visit to a doctor. The Spanish Government approved the measure to make the pill available over the counter in pharmacies without prescription and with no age restrictions in August 2009.7
NorLevo is available over-the-counter in practically all Turkish pharmacies. The cost is currently (as of February 2009) 16 Turkish lira.
Since 2001, the primary emergency contraceptive available over the counter in pharmacies in the UK has been Levonelle One Step—a single-dose progestin-only treatment. This can be sold over the counter for personal use to anyone over 16 10 and it is also available free of charge from health professionals to all ages.
Plan B is available over-the-counter in most Canadian provinces and territories. Plan B is kept behind the counter in Saskatchewan, and is available under prescription by a pharmacist in Quebec.11
In 1999, the progestin-only Plan B (two 750 µg levonorgestrel pills) became available with a prescription.12 This form has been replaced by the manufacturer, Teva, with Plan B One-Step (one 1.5 mg levonorgestrel pill).13 In 2009, a generic version of the original two-pill version of Plan B became available, called Next Choice (manufactured by Watson).14
Emergency contraception became available without prescription to men and women over 18 in 2006. As of April 2009, Plan B is available from pharmacies staffed by a licensed pharmacist to men and women 17 or older; women 16 and under require a prescription.15
On April 5, 2013, Judge Edward R. Korman in Brooklyn, New York, ordered the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to make the morning-after birth control pill available to people of any age without a prescription. The order overturned a 2011 decision by Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius to require a prescription for girls under 17. Korman ordered the F.D.A. to lift any age and sale restrictions on Plan B One-Step, and its generic versions, within 30 days.16
Emkit DS (Levnorgesterel Emergency Contraceptives) are freely available at Bolivia.
Progestin-only emergency contraceptive pills are available for free at most public hospitals 17
Postinor-2 (a progestin-only emergency contraceptive) became legal in Chile in 2002 after a Supreme Court battle.1920 Affluent Chileans were able to purchase it on demand from private health services, but poorer Chileans served by the national health service were only given emergency contraception if they were sexual assault victims.21 In 2006, access to emergency contraception was briefly allowed for all females 14 and over, but this was immediately blocked by a court decision.22 Months later an Appeals Court upheld a lower court decision to allow the Ministry of Health to distribute emergency contraceptives to minors without parental consent.23 In April, 2008, Chile's Constitutional Court ruled free distribution of emergency contraceptives illegal. Constitutional Court rulings cannot be appealed.
Emkit and Emkit DS, Manufactured by ZAFA Pharmaceutical is the number 1 Emergency Oral Contraceptive at Peru and is freely av ailable all over the country.
On May 23, 2005, and after a couple of years available in the market, the Constitutional Court of Ecuador suspended the inscription and the sanitary permission of Postinor-2 that led it to be provided in drug stores and hospitals.24
Postinor became available in 1997. It is currently supplied by Datmas Kenya Limited,[www.datmas.com], & Target-reach solutions company limited.[www.target-reach.com]
The emergency contraception is legal in Morocco since 2008.
A Yuzpe product called E-Gen-C became available in 1997.
A single tablet levonorgestrel emergency contraception product, called Escapelle became available in March 2008.25
Levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive called Lenor 72 was registered in 2002; in 2005 another levonorgestrel-only product called Pregnon was registered.
Levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive is available over-the counter. One trade name is Contraplan-II.
Levonorgestrel-only emergency contraceptive is available over-the counter, though it may not be available in many pharmacies, especially outside the capital. One trade name is NorLevo.
Emcon, manufactured and distributed by Renata Limited.
Anordrin, an estrogenic steroid of the 19-Norandrostane family, was the most frequently used emergency contraceptive in China in 1997.26 Levonorgestrel emergency contraception in China is known as Yu Ting (毓婷 ; pinyin : Yùtíng) and An Ting (安婷 ; pinyin : Āntíng). In 2002, China became the first country in which mifepristone was registered for use as an emergency contraceptive.
On December 25, 2010, Japan's Ministry of Health announced that levonorgestrel would be approved for use in the near future.27 A levonorgestrel product named "Norurebo" (ノルレボ) was released on May 24, 2011.28
The Indian Medical Association advises that high doses of combined oral contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Yuzpe regimen) and copper releasing IUDs such as CuT 380A can be used as emergency contraceptive, but the Drug Controller of India has only approved (in 2001) levonorgestrel 0.75 mg. tablets for use as emergency contraceptive pills. On August 31, 2005, nonprescription, over-the-counter access to levonorgestrel-only emergency contraception was approved.
I-Pill is available over-the-counter at most large pharmacies.
Postinor-2 and Postinor New are available over-the-counter in Israel.29
Postinor was registered in 1987.
Emkit (2 tablets dose of Emergency Contraceptive) and Emkit DS (Single Tablet dose of Oral Contraceptive) is manufactured by ZAFA Pharmaceuticals at Pakistan and is freely available all over the country.
Postinor-2 is available in Saudi Arabia.29
Postinor, Norlevo, Ella are available, requires prescription.
The Family Planning Association began offering the Yuzpe regimen in 1994. Postinor is readily available over-the-counter in pharmacies.
Postinor is readily available over-the-counter in pharmacies such as Boots.
Postinor-2 and Levonelle-2 (progestin-only emergency contraceptive) became available in 2002. In 2004, Postinor-2 became available without prescription. Both Postinor-2 and Levonelle-2 are available from chemists but require the patient to answer a few short questions from the attending pharmacist about previous use and time since intercourse.
Levonelle and Postinor-2 are available from pharmacies without prescription.
- "News about the NorLevo becoming prescription-free". Finnish National Agency for Medicines. January 2002. Retrieved 2007-01-05.
- "Emergency contraception: Steps being taken to improve access". Guttmacher Institute. December 2002. Retrieved 2006-11-11.
- Emergency Contraception "Think Contraception", Crisis Pregnancy Agency, Irish Government
- BreakingNews.ie - Boots to offer morning-after pill without prescription (10 January 2011)
- RTÉ News - Most pharmacists asked for morning-after pill
- "Contracepţia de urgenţă". www.femeia.ro. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
- La píldora poscoital ya es libre. Y no es aborto
- "Akut-p-piller". sjukvardsradgivningen.se (in Swedish). 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "Akut-p-piller" (in Swedish). Skåne Regional Council. 2006-06-12. Retrieved 2009-02-10.dead link
- "Contraception: past, present and future". UK Family Planning Association. April 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-09-28. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
- Plan B Canada (??, ??). "plan B - The Morning After Pill". Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- FDA (Jul 28, 1999). "Plan B approval package". Archived from the original on 2006-10-11. Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (September, 2009). "Choosing a Birth Control Method: emergency contraception". Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Princeton University (November 4, 2009). "Emergency Contraception: Next Choice". Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- FDA (Apr 22, 2009). "Plan B information page". Retrieved 2009-05-15.
- "Judge Strikes Down Age Limits on Morning-After Pill". NY Times. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "CMI Brasil - Ministério amplia a distribuição gratuita da pílula do dia seguinte". Midiaindependente.org. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
- "Buenos Aires Ciudad - Salud Sexual y Reproductiva". Buenosaires.gov.ar. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
- "Chile bans morning-after pill". BBC News. 2001-08-30. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Eduardo Gallardo (2006-09-26). "Morning-After Pill Causes Furor in Chile". Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
- "A difficult pill to swallow". Economist. September 14, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Daniela Estrada (September 13, 2006). news.net/news.asp?idnews=34712 "Court Stops Free Distribution of "Morning After Pill"". IPS. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- "Chile Court Okays Morning-After Pill". The Santiago Times. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- "Constitutional Court suspends sale of 'morning-after pills'". El Comercio. May 26, 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- dead link
- Xiao B (1997). "Abortion and emergency contraception: the Chinese experience". Chin Med J 110 (1): 36–42. PMID 9594319.
- dead link
- 北村 正樹＝慈恵医大病院薬剤部. "日本初の緊急避妊薬「ノルレボ錠」が発売：日経メディカル オンライン". Medical.nikkeibp.co.jp. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
- "Emergency Contraception: Using emergency contraceptives worldwide (the morning after pill)". Ec.princeton.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-14.