|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||December 28, 1164|
|Died||August 23, 1176 (aged 11)|
|Buried||Seikanū-ji no Misasagi (Kyoto)|
Emperor Rokujō (六条天皇 Rokujō-tennō) (December 28, 1164 – August 23, 1176) was the 79th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1165 through 1168.1
He was the son of Emperor Nijō. He left no children.
He was made Crown Prince before his first birthday, and was enthroned at the age of 8 months.
- 1165 (Eiman 1): The infant son of Emperor Nijō was named heir apparent (and this Crown Prince will soon become Emperor Rokujō.5
- 1165 (Eiman 1, 25th day of the 6th month): In the 7th year of Nijō-tennō 's reign (桓武天皇7年), the emperor fell so very ill that he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a his son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Rokujō is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).6
- 1165 (Eiman 1, 27th–28th day of the 7th month): The former- Emperor Nijō died at age 22.7
- 1168 (Nin'an 3, 19th day of the 2nd month): In the 3rd year of Rokujō-tennō 's reign (六条天皇3年), the emperor was deposed by his grandfather, and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his cousin, the third son of the retired-Emperor Go-Shirakawa.8
- 1168 (Nin'an 3, 19th day of the 2nd month): Emperor Takakura is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’), and he is proclaimed emperor.9
- 1168 (Nin'an 3, 20th day of the 3rd month): Takakura succeeds Rokujo on the Chrysanthemum Throne.5
Rokujō died at the age of eleven. Because of his youth, he had neither consorts nor children. Government affairs were run by his grandfather, Retired Emperor Go-Shirakawa as cloistered emperor. His imperial mausoleum is designated as Seikanji no misasagi (清閑寺陵), located in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Rokujō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Sesshō, Konoe Motozane, 1143–1166.10
- Sesshō, Matsu Motofusa, 1144–1230.10
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Koremichi 1093–1165.10
- Daijō-daijin, Taira Kiyomori, 1118–1181.10
- Sadaijin, Matsu Motofusa.10
- Sadaijin, Ōimikado Tsunemune, 1119–1189.11
- Udaijin, Kujō Kanezane, 1149–1207.11
- Nadaijin, Fujiwara Tadamasa.11
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 194–195; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 329–330; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 212.
- Brown, pp. 264; n.b., up until the time of Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors (their imina) were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- Brown, p. 329; Varley, p. 212.
- Titsingh, p. 194.
- Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p.783.
- Titsingh, p. 194; Brown, p. 329; Varley, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Brown, p. 328; Kitagawa, p.783.
- Brown, p. 330; Varley, p. 44
- Titsingh, p. 195; Varley, p. 44.
- Brown, p. 329.
- Brown, p. 330.
- Titsingh, p. 194-195; Brown, p. 328.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Helmolt, Hans Ferdinand and James Bryce Bryce. (1907). The World's History: A Survey of Man's Progress. Vol. 2. London: William Heinemann.OCLC 20279012
- Kitagawa, Hiroshi and Burce T. Tsuchida, ed. (1975). The Tale of the Heike. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press. ISBN 0-86008-128-1 OCLC 164803926
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0-231-04940-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
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