Energy in Mexico
Energy in Mexico describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Mexico. Energy policy of Mexico will describe the he energy policy in the politics of Mexico more in detail. Electricity sector in Mexico is the main article of electricity in Mexico.
In 2008, Mexico produced 234 TWh, from which 86 TWh are coming from thermal plant, 39 TWh from hydro-power, 18 TWh from coal, 9,8 TWh from nuclear power, 7 TWh from geothermal power and 255 GWh from wind power.1 Mexico is among the top oil producers and exporters in the world.
|Energy in Mexico2|
|Change 2004-10||4.1 %||7.6 %||-10.8 %||-49.3 %||20.3 %||11.6 %|
|Mtoe = 11.63 TWh. Prim. energy includes energy losses|
President Lázaro Cárdenas expropriated foreign oil companies in the late 1930s. Since then, Pemex, the national company produces oil in Mexico. Main fields are Chicontepec Field, Cantarell Field and Ku-Maloob-Zaap. In 2008, oil production has declined 9,2% to 3,96 millions barils a day while natural gas production increased 14,2% to 6,92 cubic feet.3
According to IEA Mexico was one of the top oil producers in 2009. Top oil producers in 2009 were (Mt): Russia 494 Mt (13%), Saudi Arabia 452 Mt (12%), US 320 Mt (8%), Iran 206 Mt (5%), China 194 Mt (5%), Canada 152 Mt (4%), Mexico 146 Mt (4%), Venezuela 126 Mt (3%), Kuwait 124 Mt (3%) and United Arab Emirates 120 Mt (3%).4
Mexico has the third greatest geothermal energy production with an installed capacity of 959.50 MW by December 2007. This represents 3.24% of the total electricity generated in the country.567 Mexico is also home to the largest geothermal power stations in the world, the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station.
- IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
- http://www.ri.pemex.com/index.cfm?action=statusfilecat&categoryfileid=4406, Pemex fact sheet, visited on 12 December 2009
- IEA Key energy statistics 2010 pages 11, 21
- Federal Commission of Electricity of Mexico/Geothermal-electric production 2007
- Main aspects of geothermal energy in Mexico
- IGA electricity generation for Mexico