European Parliament election, 1999 (France)
87 seats to the European Parliament
Rally for France
On 13 June 1999 the fifth direct
were held in the France. Once again, elections to the European Parliament abstention was very high for this type of election- only 47% of eligible voters voted. The election was also the first French European election to be won by the Socialist Party (PS).
In a major surprise and historical upset for the government,
Charles Pasqua's and Philippe de Villiers' list unting Pasqua's new Gaullist Rally for France (RPF) and de Villiers' eurosceptic Movement for France (MPF) list surpassed the list of President Jacques Chirac's RPR- Liberal Democracy, led by Nicolas Sarkozy. The election ended Sarkozy's immediate political future, including a run for the presidency of the Rally for the Republic – Michèle Alliot-Marie, a close supporter of Chirac, succeeded him. However, the alliance between Pasqua and de Villiers proved to be ephemeral. Indeed, de Villiers broke with Pasqua later 2000 and thus ended the RPF's chance to become a large common party for all eurosceptic Gaullists from within the RPR.
Union for French Democracy ( Nouvelle UDF), led by François Bayrou ran independently of the RPR, contrary to Chirac's wishes, for the first time since 1984. Bayrou won a relatively good result, 9.28%, allowing him to pursue his more independent political strategy (slowly distancing the party from the RPR) within the New UDF.
The other winner of the election were
The Greens led by Franco-German green politician Daniel Cohn-Bendit, whose list won 9.72%, the party's second-best result after 1989.
Minor parties, including the agrarian populist
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Traditions and the far-left Workers' Struggle obtained very good results and elected 6 and 5 MEP's respectively.
FN was penalized by Bruno Megret's dissident MNR list and obtained a deceivingly low result. The French Communist Party also did poorly.
Summary of the 13 June 1999 European Parliament election results in France
Parties and coalitions
Socialist Party ( Parti socialiste)
Rally for France ( Rassemblement pour la France)
Movement for France ( Mouvement pour la France)
Philippe de Villiers
Rally for the Republic ( Rassemblement pour la République)
Liberal Democracy ( Démocratie libérale)
The Greens ( Les Verts)
Union for French Democracy ( Union pour la démocratie Française)
French Communist Party ( Parti communiste français)
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Traditions ( Chasse, pêche, nature, traditions)
National Front ( Front national)
Jean-Marie Le Pen
Workers' Struggle ( Lutte ouvrière) - Revolutionary Communist League ( Ligue communiste révolutionnaire)
National Republican Movement ( Mouvement national républicain)
Abstention: 53.00% (1st round)