|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
|Type||Public (Euronext: ETL)|
|Key people||Michel de Rosen (CEO)|
Eutelsat S.A. is a French-based satellite provider. Providing coverage over the entire European continent, as well as the Middle East, Africa, India and significant parts of Asia and the Americas, it is one of the world's three leading satellite operators in terms of revenues.citation needed
Eutelsat's satellites are used for broadcasting 5,000 television and 1100 radio stations to over 204 million cable and satellite homes. They also serve requirements for TV contribution services, corporate networks, mobile positioning and communications, Internet backbone connectivity and broadband access for terrestrial, maritime and in-flight applications. Eutelsat is headquartered in Paris. Eutelsat Communications Chief executive officer is Michel de Rosen.1
Its main craft have traditionally operated from four positions, each separated by three degrees of the Clarke belt - 7, 10, 13 and 16°E; although more positions are now operated.
Eutelsat commercializes capacity on 36 satellites located in geosynchronous orbit between 116 degrees West and 172 degrees East.
On 1 March 2012, Eutelsat changed the names of its satellites. The group's satellites mostly take the Eutelsat name, with the relevant figure for their orbital position and a letter indicating their order of arrival at that position.
|Satellite||COSPAR id||Location||Regions served||Launch||Comments|
|Eutelsat 3A||2007-021A||3°E||Europe, North Africa||2007/06/01||formerly Sinosat 3 and ChinaSat 5C 2|
|Eutelsat 3D||3°E||Europe, Middle East, Africa||2013/05/14|
|Eutelsat 7A||2004-008A||7°E||Europe, Middle East, Africa||2004/03/16||Formerly named Eutelsat W3A until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 9A 3||2006-007B||9°E||Europe, North Africa, Middle East||2006/03/11||Formerly named Eurobird 9A until March 2012; former Hot Bird 7A satellite|
|Eutelsat KA-SAT 9A 45||2010-069A||9°E||Europe||2010/12/26|
|Eutelsat 10A||2009-016A||10°E||Europe, Africa, Middle East||2009/04/03||Formerly named Eutelsat W2A until March 2012; S-band payload not yet entered into service due to an anomaly.6 Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim and should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.7|
|Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B 8||2001-011A||13°E||Europe, North Africa, Middle East||2006/08/05||Formerly named Hot Bird 8 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat Hot Bird 13C||2008-065D||13°E||Europe, Africa, Middle East||2008/12/20||Formerly named Hot Bird 9 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat HOTBIRD 13D||2009-008B||13°E||Europe, South-West Asia||2009/02/12||Formerly Hot Bird 10 and Atlantic Bird 4A 9|
|Eutelsat 16A||2011-057A||16°E||Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Ocean Islands||2011/10/07||Formerly named Eutelsat W3C until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 16B||1998-013A||16°E||Europe, Middle East||1998/02/27||Formerly named Eurobird 16 until March 2012; former Atlantic Bird 4 and Hot Bird 4 satellite; operating in inclined orbit|
|Eutelsat 16C||2000-019A||16°E||Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Asia||2000/04/18||Formerly named SESAT 1 until March 2012; operating in inclined orbit|
|Eutelsat 21B||2012-062B||21.5°E||Europe, Middle East, North Africa, West Africa, Central Asia||2012/11/10||Fully operational since 2012-12-19.10|
|Eutelsat 25B||25.5°E||North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia||2013|
|Eutelsat 33B||2002-051A||33°E||Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia||2002/11/20||Formerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels June 16, 200811 Now at 25E and called Eutelsat 25C|
|Eutelsat 28A 12||2001-011A||28.5°E||Europe||2001/03/08||Formerly named Eurobird 1 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 33A||2003-043A||33°E||Europe||2003/09/27||Formerly named Eurobird 3 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 33B||2002-051A||33°E||Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia||2002/11/20||Formerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels June 16, 200813 Now at 25E and called Eutelsat 25C|
|Eutelsat 36A||2000-028A||36°E||Africa, Russia||2000/05/24||Formerly named Eutelsat W4 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 36B||2009-065A||36°E||Europe, Africa, Middle East, Russia||2009/11/24||Formerly named Eutelsat W7 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 48A||1996-067A||48°E||Central Europe, Middle East, Central Asia||1996/11/21||Formerly named Eutelsat W48 until March 2012; former Hot Bird 2 and Eurobird 9 satellite; operating in inclined orbit|
|Eutelsat 48C||1999-018A||48°E||Europe, Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia||1999/04/12||Formerly named Eutelsat W6 until March 2012, now at 48E and called Eutelsat 48C|
|Eutelsat 48D||2008-065B||48°E||Afghanistan, Central Asia||2008/12/20||Co-branded AFGHANSAT 1. Formerly named Eutelsat 28B until January 2014, Eutelsat 48B until August 2012, W2M until March 201214|
|Eutelsat 70B||2012-069A||70.5°E||Europe, Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South East Asia, Australia||2012/12/03|
|Eutelsat 172A||2005-052A||172°E||Asia-Pacific||2005/12/29||Formerly the GE-23 satellite|
|Eutelsat 5 West A||2002-035A||5°W||Europe, Americas, Africa||2002/07/05||Formerly named Atlantic Bird 3 until March 2012, was also called Stellat 5|
|Eutelsat 7 West A||2011-051A||7°W||Middle East, North Africa||2011/09/24||Formerly named Atlantic Bird 7 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 8 West A||2001-042A||8°W||Europe, Middle East, Americas||2001/09/25||Formerly named Atlantic Bird 2 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat Hot Bird 8 West C 15||2002-038A||8°W||Europe, North Africa, Middle East||2002/08/21||Formerly named Hot Bird 6 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 12 West A||2002-040A||12.5°W||Europe, Middle East, Americas||2002/08/28||Formerly named Atlantic Bird 1 until March 2012|
|Eutelsat 3B||3°E||Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, South America||2014|
|Eutelsat 8 West B||8°W||Africa, Middle East||2015|
|Eutelsat 65 West A||65°W||Americas||2016|
|Express AT1||56°E||Europe, Asia||2014/03/16|
|Express AT2||140°E||Europe, Asia||2014/03/16|
|SESAT 2||53°E||Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Asia||2003/12/29|
|Satellite||COSPAR id||Primary position||Launched||Inclined||Retired||Lost||Comments|
|Hot Bird 1||13°E||1995||2006||2007||2012|
|Eutelsat W3B 16||2010-056A||16°E||2010||N/A||2010||N/A|
|Eutelsat W75||1997-049A||4°E||1997||N/A||2011||N/A||Former Hot Bird 3 and Eurobird 4 satellite|
|Eurobird 4A||2000-052A||4°E||2000||N/A||2012||N/A||Former Eutelsat W1 satellite|
|Eutelsat 4B||1998-057A||4°E||1998/10/09||Formerly named Eurobird 2 until March 2012, now at 4E and called Eutelsat 4B|
|Video Applications||Professional Data Networks||Broadband Services|
|Direct broadcasting of TV and radio||Private networks||IP backbone connectivity|
|Cable distribution||Data broadcasting||Virtual Private Networks|
|Satellite newsgathering||Business TV, videoconferencing||Broadband Internet access on ground, at sea, in-flight|
|Programme exchanges||Mobile services (messaging,
|Multicasting and IP content distribution|
The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) was originally set up in 1977 as an intergovernmental organisation (IGO) to develop and operate a satellite-based telecommunications infrastructure for Europe. It started operations with the launch of its first satellite in 1983.
Initially established to address satellite communications demand in Western Europe, Eutelsat rapidly developed its infrastructure to expand coverage to additional markets, such as Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, and the Middle East, the African continent, and large parts of Asia and the Americas from the 1990s.
Eutelsat was the first satellite operator in Europe to broadcast television channels direct-to-home. It developed its premium neighbourhood of five Hot Bird satellites in the mid-1990s to offer capacity that would be able to attract hundreds of channels to the same orbital location, appealing to widespread audiences for consumer satellite TV.
With the general liberalisation of the telecommunications sector in Europe, the IGO’s operations and activities were transferred to a private company called Eutelsat S.A. in July 2001.
In April 2005, the principal shareholders of Eutelsat S.A. grouped their investment in a new entity (Eutelsat Communications), which is now the holding company of the Group owning 95.2% of Eutelsat S.A. on October 6, 2005. Currently it owns 96.0% of Eutelsat S.A.
On January 2nd Eutelsat Communications announced closure of the transaction to acquire 100% of the share capital of Satélites Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V. (“Satmex”) having obtained all required government and regulatory approvals. As previously communicated, the transaction amounts to 831 million$. Based in Mexico, Satmex operates three satellites at contiguous positions, 113° West (Satmex 6), 114.9° West (Satmex 5) and 116.8° West (Satmex 8) that cover 90% of the population of the Americas.
- (French) (English) Guy Lebègue, (trad. Robert J. Amral), « Eutelsat II: OK For West-to-East Service! », in Revue aerospatiale, n°73, November 1990.
- Eutelstat: Management Biographies
- Sinosat 3 (Xinnuo 3) → ZX 5C (ChinaSat 5C) → Eutelsat 3A
- "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-007B". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- de Selding, Peter B. "Russian Rocket Launches Communications Satellite". space.com. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Jonathan Amos (26 December 2010). "Ka-Sat net-dedicated spacecraft lifts off". BBC News.
- , , 
- , , 
- "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2001-011A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Paoli-Lebailly, Pascale. "Eutelsat 21B satellite in full commercial service". Rapid TV News. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Eutelsat W5". Thales. 2008-09-03.
- "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-032A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Eutelsat W5". Thales. 2008-09-03.
- Broadband TV News, In orbit failure for Eutelsat W2 replacement
- "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2002-038A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Spaceflight Now Eutelsat declares craft total loss after propellant leak